Author Huba, J. D
Title Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere
Imprint Washington : American Geophysical Union, 2014
©2013
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (350 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Geophysical Monograph Ser. ; v.201
Geophysical Monograph Ser
Note Intro -- Modeling the Ionosphere- Thermosphere System -- Copyright -- Contents -- Preface -- Introduction -- Section I: Physical Processes -- Ionosphere-Thermosphere Physics: Current Status and Problems -- 1.INTRODUCTION -- 2.MISSINGPHYSICSINGLOBALPHYSICS-BASEDIONOSPHERE-THERMOSPHEREMODELS -- 3.SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Physical Characteristics and Modeling of Earth's Thermosphere -- 1.INTRODUCTION -- 2.THE GAS LAW AND HYDROSTATIC BALANCE -- 3. CONTINUITY EQUATION -- 4. LAGRANGIAN VERSUS EULERIAN FRAMES OF REFERENCE -- 5. HORIZONTALLY STRATIFIED FLUID AND OTHER COMMON ASSUMPTION -- 6. CORIOLIS EFFECT -- 7. VISCOUS DRAG -- 8. ION DRAG -- 9. MOMENTUM EQUATION -- 10. ENERGY EQUATIONS -- 11. NEUTRAL COMPOSITION -- 12. GLOBAL WIND, TEMPERATURE, DENSITY, AND COMPOSITION STRUCTURE -- 13. THERMAL EXPANSION -- 14. NEUTRAL COMPOSITION BULGE -- 15. WINDS AND NONLINEARITIES AT HIGH LATITUDE -- 16. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Solar Cycle Changes in the Photochemistry of the Ionosphere and Thermosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. RESULTS -- 3. CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Energetics and Composition in the Thermosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. DATA AND MODELS THAT HAVE INCREASED OUR UNDERSTANDING OF -- 3. THE CONTINUITY EQUATION, THE ENERGY EQUATION, AND BOUNDARY CONDITIONS -- 4. THE CAUSES OF TEMPERATURE VARIATIONS IN THE LOW AND MIDDLE LATITUDES OF THE UPPER THERMOSPHERE DURING GEOMAGNETIC STORMS -- 5. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Section II: Numerical Methods -- Numerical Methods in Modeling the Ionosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. GENERAL EQUATIONS -- 3. FIELD-ALIGNED DYNAMICS -- 4. CROSS-FIELD DYNAMICS -- 5. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Ionospheric Electrodynamics Modeling -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. EQUATIONS OF IONOSPHERIC ELECTRODYNAMICS -- 3. MODELING IONOSPHEREMAGNETOSPHERE COUPLING -- 4. MODELING IONOSPHERIC CONDUCTIVITIES -- 5. MODELING THERMOSPHERIC WINDS
6. PLASMA GRAVITY AND PRESSUREGRADIENTCURRENTS -- 6. PLASMA GRAVITY AND PRESSUREGRADIENTCURRENTS -- 7. SOLVING FOR THE ELECTRIC POTENTIAL -- 8. IONOSPHERIC CURRENT SYSTEM AND GEOMAGNETIC PERTURBATIONS -- 9. FUTURE DIRECTIONS -- REFERENCES -- Section III: IT Models -- The NCAR TIE-GCM: A Community Model of the Coupled Thermosphere/Ionosphere System -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MODEL DEVELOPMENT HISTORY -- 3. MODEL DESCRIPTION -- 4. SOME MODEL VALIDATION EXAMPLES -- 5. FUTURE IMPROVEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT PLANS -- REFERENCES -- The Global Ionosphere-Thermosphere Model and the Nonhydrostatics Processes -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. GLOBAL IONOSPHERE-THERMOSPHERE MODEL -- 3. NONHYDROSTATIC PROCESSES -- 4. CONCLUSION AND DISCUSSION -- APPENDIX A: EQUATIONS IN GITM MODEL -- REFERENCES -- Traveling Atmospheric Disturbance and Gravity Wave Coupling in the Thermosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. GLOBAL THERMOSPHERE-IONOSPHERE MODEL -- 3. SIMULATION SETUP -- 4. SIMULATION RESULTS -- 5. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Air Force Low-Latitude Ionospheric Model in Support of the C/NOFS Mission -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MODEL DESCRIPTION AND OUTPUT -- 3. A STATISTICAL STUDY OF LOW-LATITUDE IONOSPHERIC DENSITIES -- 4. SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Long-Term Simulations of the Ionosphere Using SAMI3 -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MODEL DESCRIPTION -- 3. SAMI3 COMPARISONS WITH IGS TEC DURING THE WHOLE HELIOSPHERE INTERVAL 2008 -- 4. MODELING VERTICAL DRIFTS -- 5. MODELING THE DESCENDING PHASE OF SOLAR CYCLE 23 (2002-2008) -- 6. SUMMARY OF RESULTS -- REFERENCES -- Section IV: Validation of IT Models -- Comparative Studies of Theoretical Models in the Equatorial Ionosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. TRANSPORT PROCESSES IN THE IONOSPHERE -- 3. PARTICIPATING MODELS IN EQUATORIAL-PRIMO -- 4. MODEL COMPARISONS IN AMERICAN SECTOR (75°W) -- 5. SOURCES OF MODEL DISCREPANCIES
6. CONCLUSION AND FUTURE PROSPECTS -- REFERENCES -- Systematic Evaluation of Ionosphere/Thermosphere (IT) Models: CEDAR Electrodynamics Thermosphere Ionosphere (ETI) Challenge (2009-2010) -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. OBSERVATIONAL DATA -- 3. MODELS -- 4. METRICS -- 5. RESULTS -- 6. DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Section V: IT Coupling: Above and Below -- Aspect of Coupling Processes in the Ionosphere and Thermosphere -- 1. ION-ELECTRON COLLISIONS -- 2. ION ELECTRON COLLISIONS -- 3. ION-NEUTRAL COLLISIONS IN THE UPPER THERMOSPHERE -- 4. ION-NEUTRAL COLLISIONS IN THE LOWER THERMOSPHERE -- 5. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Use of NOGAPS-ALPHA as a Bottom Boundary for the NCAR/TIEGCM -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MODEL DESCRIPTIONS -- 3. MODEL RESULTS -- 4. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- WACCM-X Simulation of Tidal and Planetary Wave Variability in the Upper Atmosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. THE THERMOSPHERE EXTENSION OF THE WHOLE ATMOSPHERE COMMUNITY CLIMATE MODEL (WACCM-X) -- 3. MODEL RESULTS -- 4. DISCUSSION AND SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Inductive-Dynamic Coupling of the Ionosphere With the Thermosphere and the Magnetosphere -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. INDUCTIVE-DYNAMIC COUPLING VERSUS ELECTROSTATIC COUPLING -- 3. CONCLUSIONS AND DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Section VI: Equatorial Ionospheric Processes -- Ionospheric Irregularities: Frontiers -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. FUNDAMENTALS -- 3. E REGION IRREGULARITIES -- 4. F REGION IRREGULARITIES -- 5. COLLISIONAL DRIFT WAVE INSTABILITIES -- 6. SUMMARY AND CONCLUSIONS -- APPENDIX B: BOURRET'S INTEGRAL EQUATION -- REFERENCES -- Three-Dimensional Numerical Simulations of Equatorial Spread F: Results and Diagnostics in the Peruvian Sector -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. NUMERICAL SIMULATIONS -- 3. SUMMARY AND DISCUSSIONS -- REFERENCES -- Density and Temperature Structure of Equatorial Spread F Plumes
1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. SAMI3 SIMULATIONS -- 3. IONIZATION CRESTS WITHIN AN ESF PLUME -- 4. THERMODYNAMICS OF AN ESF PLUME -- 5. TIME EVOLUTION OF AN ESF PLUME -- 6. DISCUSSION -- REFERENCES -- Low-Latitude Ionosphere and Thermosphere: Decadal Observations From the CHAMP Mission -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. CHAMP MISSION AND DATA -- 3. OBSERVATIONS OF THE IONOSPHERE -- 4. OBSERVATIONS OF THE THERMOSPHERE -- 5. CONCLUSIONS AND OUTLOOK -- REFERENCES -- Section VII: Data Assimilation -- Upper Atmosphere Data Assimilation With an Ensemble Kalman Filter -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. ENSEMBLE KALMAN FILTER -- 3. EFFECTS OF SELF-CONSISTENT TREATMENT OF THE THERMOSPHERE AND IONOSPHERE -- 4. GEOPHYSICAL INFORMATION CONTENT OF DIFFERENT OBSERVATIONS -- 5. ESTIMATION OF MODEL PARAMETERS -- 6. MODEL ERROR ISSUES -- 7. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Scientific Investigation Using IDA4D and EMPIRE -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. IDA4D -- 3. EMPIRE -- 4. IDA4D AND EMPIRE SCIENTIFIC INVESTIGATIONS -- 5. FUTURE RESEARCH: A NEW PLASMASPHEREIONOSPHERE DATA ASSIMILATION MODEL -- 6. SUMMARY -- REFERENCES -- Section VIII: Applications -- Customers and Requirements for Ionosphere Products and Services -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. SPACE WEATHER IMPACTS -- 3. SYSTEM IMPACTS AND CUSTOMERS -- 4. OPERATIONAL MODELS -- 5. THE SPACE WEATHER PREDICTION TESTBED -- 6. CONCLUSION -- REFERENCES -- Model-Based Inversion of Auroral Processes -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. OVERVIEW OF THE FORWARD PROBLEM -- 3. MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF THE FORWARD PROBLEM -- 4. CHARACTERISTIC RESPONSES -- 5. FREDHOLM FORMULATION -- 6. TIME HISTORY -- 7. INVERSION APPROACHES -- 8. VALIDATION -- 9. FUTURE DIRECTIONS: ACCESSING HIDDEN STATES OF THE I-T SYSTEM -- REFERENCES -- AGU Category Index -- Index
Published by the American Geophysical Union as part of the Geophysical Monograph Series
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Huba, J. D. Modeling the Ionosphere-Thermosphere Washington : American Geophysical Union,c2014 9780875904917
Subject Ionosphere -- Mathematical models.;Thermosphere -- Mathematical models.;Atmospheric thermodynamics.;Dynamic meteorology
Electronic books
Alt Author Khazanov, G. V
Schunk, Robert W