LEADER 00000nam  2200397   4500 
001    AAI3238529 
005    20071119110207.5 
008    071119s2006                        eng d 
020    9780542932427 
035    (UMI)AAI3238529 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Cline, Holly Leeann 
245 14 The evaluation of universal design kitchen features by 
       people in wheelchairs 
300    217 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-
       10, Section: A, page: 3623 
500    Adviser: Julia O. Beamish 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State 
       University, 2006 
520    The purpose of the study was to investigate the 
       effectiveness of universal design kitchen features by 
       people using wheelchairs. The study examined the features 
       of the GE Real Life Design Kitchen in the Center for Real 
       Life Design at Virginia Tech and determined which 
       universal design features were beneficial to users in 
       wheelchairs. The specific objectives were: (1) to evaluate
       the universal design features of the GE Real Life Design 
       Kitchen by people in wheelchairs, and (2) to examine how 
       the GE Real Life Design Kitchen is used by people in 
       wheelchairs as they prepare a meal in the space 
520    Nine participants, with various disabilities, who use a 
       wheelchair on a daily basis were selected for the study. 
       The sample consisted of 5 male and 4 female participants 
       with ages ranging from 28-58 years old. Each participant 
       had varying levels of grip, strength, and memory as a 
       result of their disability. Data for this study were 
       collected through a variety of observation and 
       interviewing methods 
520    The study was separated into four different sections/
       activities; the pre-cooking interview, the universal 
       design evaluation, the cooking activity, and the post-
       cooking interview. Each participant was asked to test 
       specific universal design features located in the GE Real 
       Life Design Kitchen and was given a set menu and asked to 
       prepare a meal 
520    The results of this study determined that people who use a
       wheelchair while cooking are very efficient and do not 
       require much counter space in order to prepare a meal. 
       Appliances with easy to read and use controls are 
       preferred and should be located within good visual range 
       of a person in a wheelchair to be effective. In addition, 
       it was determined that a pull-out cutting board and some 
       type of roll-out tray feature in a base cabinet is useful 
       to a person in a wheelchair. The results concurred with 
       existing recommendations concerning clear floor and open 
       knee spaces at the sink and cooktop areas, and also 
       discovered that clear floor and open knee space is useful 
       under a countertop microwave because it allows the 
       wheelchair user to get their body closer to the task 
520    Results from this study cannot be generalized to a 
       national population of wheelchair users because of the 
       limitations of the sample. Results, however, are 
       significant in terms of providing consumers, cabinet and 
       appliance manufacturers, policy makers, and designers with
       valuable insight and information concerning the inclusion 
       of universal design features in kitchens and environments 
       that accommodate the needs of all people, including the 
       person in a wheelchair. In addition, the results of this 
       study imply that not all universal design features 
       recommended in kitchen design are beneficial to people in 
       wheelchairs. Further investigation of some of the 
       universal design features tested is needed 
590    School code: 0247 
590    DDC 
650  4 Home Economics 
650  4 Design and Decorative Arts 
650  4 Architecture 
690    0386 
690    0389 
690    0729 
710 20 Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g67-10A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/