LEADER 00000cam  22007694a 4500 
001    699759455 
003    OCoLC 
005    20130114223441.0 
008    110201s2011    enkab    b    001 0 eng   
010    2011004246 
020    9780521641128 (hardback) 
020    0521641128 (hardback) 
024 8  40019677837 
035    (OCoLC)699759455|z(OCoLC)732320920 
042    pcc 
050 00 QE522|b.O58 2011 
082 00 551.21|222 
100 1  Oppenheimer, Clive 
245 10 Eruptions that shook the world /|cClive Oppenheimer 
260    Cambridge, UK ;|aNew York :|bCambridge University Press,
300    xvi, 392 p. :|bill., maps ;|c24 cm 
504    Includes bibliographical references and index 
505 0  Fire and Brimstone: How Volcanoes Work. Origins of 
       volcanoes: the mantle ; Magma ; Eruption parameters -- 
       Eruption Styles, Hazards, and Ecosystem Impacts. Eruption 
       clouds ; Tephra falls ; Pyroclastic currents & caldera 
       formation ; Lava flows and domes ; Rock avalanches and 
       mudflows ; Tsunami ; Earthquakes ; Volcanic gas emissions 
       ; Recovery of ecosystems ; Volcanic disasters -- Volcanoes
       and Global Climate Change. Pinatubo's global cloud ; 
       Atmospheric and climatic change ; Recipe for a climate-
       forcing eruption -- Forensic Volcanology. Reading the 
       rocks ; Ice cores ; Tree rings -- Relics, Myths, and 
       Chronicles. Archaeological perspectives ; Oral traditions 
       ; Crepuscular lights, cannonades, and chronicles ; Volcano
       forensics: a case study -- Killer Plumes. Mass extinctions
       ; More about LIPs ; LIP origins ; LIPs, bolides, and 
       extinctions: the coincidences ; Kill mechanisms ; Hot LIPs
       and cold SLIPs -- Human Origins. The East African Rift 
       Valley ; The first humans ; The Middle Stone Age and 
       modern humans -- The Ash-Giant/Sulphur-Dwarf. The eruption
       ; Sulphur yield of the eruption ; Climate change ; The 
       human story ; Focus on India -- European Volcanism in 
       Prehistory. The Campanian eruption and the human 
       revolution in Palaeolithic Europe ; 'Cultural devolution' 
       and the Laacher See eruption ; Eruption of Santorini and 
       the decline of the Minoan civilisation -- The Rise of 
       Teotihuacán. Popocatépetl ; The Ilopango eruption -- Dark 
       Ages: Dark Nature?  The mystery cloud of 536 CE ; Veils 
       and whips -- The Haze Famine. The eruption ; Gas emissions
       and aerosol veil ; Weather and climate ; The haze famine ;
       Long reach of the eruption -- The Last Great Subsistence 
       Crisis in the Western World. Sumbawa before the disaster ;
       The eruption ; Atmospheric and climate impacts ; Human 
       tragedy ; Global reach of the eruption -- Volcanic 
       Catastrophe Risk. Three catastrophe scenarios ; Risk 
       control ; Global warming: fake volcanoes and real 
       eruptions ; Shaken but not stirred -- Large Eruptions. The
       twenty-five largest documented Holocene eruptions 
505 8  Machine generated contents note: Preface; 1. Fire and 
       brimstone: how volcanoes work; 2. Eruption styles, hazards
       and ecosystem impacts; 3. Volcanoes and global climate 
       change; 4. Forensic volcanology; 5. Relics, myths and 
       chronicles; 6. Killer plumes; 7. Human origins; 8. The ash
       -giant/sulphur-dwarf; 9. European volcanism in prehistory;
       10. The rise of Teotihuacán; 11. Dark Ages: dark nature?; 
       12. The Haze famine; 13. The last great subsistence crisis
       in the western world; 14. Volcanic catastrophe risk; 
       Appendix A. Volcano trumps: notable eruptions of the past 
       10,000 years; Appendix B. Further reading; Index 
520    "What does it take for a volcanic eruption to really shake
       the world? Did volcanic eruptions extinguish the 
       dinosaurs? Did they help humans to evolve and conquer the 
       world, only to decimate their populations with a super-
       eruption 73,000 years ago? Did they contribute to the ebb 
       and flow of ancient empires, the French Revolution and the
       rise of fascism in Europe in the 19th century? These are 
       some of the claims made for volcanic cataclysm. 
       Volcanologist Clive Oppenheimer explores rich geological, 
       historical, archaeological and palaeoenvironmental records
       (such as ice cores and tree rings) to tell the stories 
       behind some of the greatest volcanic events of the past 
       quarter of a billion years. He shows how a forensic 
       approach to volcanology reveals the richness and 
       complexity behind cause and effect, and argues that 
       important lessons for future catastrophe risk management 
       can be drawn from understanding events that took place 
       even at the dawn of human origins" A spellbinding 
       exploration of the history's greatest volcanic events and 
       their impacts on the history of humankind.--|cProvided by 
520    "Fire & brimstone: how volcanoes work 'Some volcanos are 
       in a state of incessant eruption; some, on the contrary, 
       remain for centuries in a condition of total outward 
       inertness, and return again to the same state of apparent 
       extinction after a single vivid eruption of short 
       duration; while others exhibit an infinite variety of 
       phases intermediate between the extreme of vivacity and 
       sluggishness.' [1RFA-001] The Earth is cooling down! This 
       has nothing to do with contemporary global warming of the 
       atmosphere and surface. I refer instead to the Earth's 
       interior - the source of the molten rocks erupted by 
       volcanoes throughout the planet's 4.567 billion year 
       history."--|cProvided by publisher 
650  0 Volcanism|xEffect of environment on 
650  0 Volcanism|xHistory 
650  0 Volcanology 
650  7 SCIENCE / Earth Sciences / Mineralogy|2bisacsh 
856    |uhttp://bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991/F?func=service&
856    |uhttp://bvbr.bib-bvb.de:8991/F?func=service&
856 42 |3Cover image|uhttp://assets.cambridge.org/97805216/41128/
 Earth Science Library  QE522 O62  2011    AVAILABLE    30310100096301