LEADER 00000nam  2200385   4500 
001    AAI3436839 
005    20110701085418.5 
008    110701s2010    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781124365701 
035    (UMI)AAI3436839 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Ramos, Elvin Timba 
245 10 Influences of globalization on food security and 
       development in the Philippines 
300    127 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-
       01, Section: A, page:  
500    Adviser: Barrett Brenton 
502    Thesis (D.A.)--St. John's University (New York), 2010 
520    The colonial history of the Philippines created a country 
       filled with political turmoil, economic distress, and 
       social discrepancies. Over the past 400 years, the 
       Philippines as an island nation managed to reinvent itself
       by taking influences of Western tradition on its political,
       economic, and social paradigm. Countries such as Spain and
       the United States have both "Hispanizized" and 
       "Americanized" the country to develop a more modern 
       republic where democracy exists. Today, the Philippines in
       a macro level seem to be improving many areas in the 
       country, most especially Manila. But in the micro level 
       the Philippines is still considered a developing country 
       and more or less still has various homegrown issues, like 
       severe poverty, resulting from political corruption, 
       international debt, and unsteady social reformation 
520    Globalization has taken its toll in the country providing 
       both positive and negative attributes to the economy. 
       Social issues such as poverty and hunger continue to 
       increase due to the domino effects of illiteracy, 
       unemployment, and unfair distribution of food programs in 
       the country. Hundreds of households are hungry in the 
       Philippines. Even though, there are many anti-hunger and 
       anti-poverty programs in the Philippines, the 
       inconsistencies of these programs do not benefit the 
       majority of the people living in poverty. The only way to 
       solve the problem is to implement best practices and 
       manage the flow of funding and the distribution of goods 
       under a one-system paradigm 
520    Inconsistencies in education, lack of employment 
       opportunities, low government funding, less agricultural 
       control, and reckless management of the aquaculture, are 
       all leading elements that undermines food security in the 
       country. According to the United Nation's Food and 
       Agriculture Organization and the World Food Programme, 
       almost 1 billion people worldwide, 642 million in Asia and
       the Pacific suffer from hunger and nearly 20% of the 
       Philippines' 92.2 million people (United States Department
       of State) are still undernourished 
520    This researcher focuses on both food security and 
       development issues in Philippines and how globalization 
       can influence its progress positively or negatively. It is
       very imperative to evaluate programs initiated by the 
       international community such as the non-governmental 
       organizations; public programs funded by the Philippine 
       government; the work of many charitable organizations 
       located in the country; and those organizations that are 
       led by leaders and members of the Filipino Diaspora around
       the world. Trying to understand why the Philippines is 
       continuously unable to lift itself out of poverty is an 
       urgent question. There are many components that will lead 
       to answer such questions. However, will point their 
       fingers to the unsatisfactory role of government in 
       creating innovative development strategies nationwide 
520    Though this researcher will only be limited to certain 
       programs tackling the issue of poverty and hunger, it will
       also deliver a raw and personal reflection of the reality 
       in the Philippines. Personal interviews and my own 
       reflections from my field visits in 2007 and 2009 plays an
       important role in describing the difference between what 
       is abstract versus what is reality. Additional questions 
       will be answered: Why is the country is not meeting its 
       own development goals? What are some key solutions that 
       might further reduce poverty, hunger, and malnutrition'? 
       What are the local, national, and international 
       communities doing to help the Philippines? 
520    This researcher will briefly evaluate the role of women, 
       the Catholic Church, the government's agricultural sector,
       and the Filipino Diaspora as they contribute to the stages
       of eradicating hunger and food insecurities in the 
       country. A major recommendation of a food bank, similar to
       other countries, will he pitched in this essay. This idea 
       will serve as the "one system paradigm" of best practice 
       and act as an umbrella organization that helps ease access,
       manages better distribution, and has better availability 
       of food programs for people living in poverty. The 
       dissertation also has a teaching component where I wrote a
       pedagogy chapter, which includes a written approach and a 
       syllabus on how to teach this topic in college and 
       university level courses 
590    School code: 0192 
650  4 History, History of Oceania 
650  4 Pacific Rim Studies 
690    0504 
690    0561 
710 2  St. John's University (New York) 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g72-01A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/