LEADER 00000nam  2200385   4500 
001    AAI3111837 
005    20051101074949.5 
008    051101s2003                        eng d 
020    0496593676 
035    (UnM)AAI3111837 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Aubourg, Rene Wiener 
245 10 Two essays on the relationship between economic growth and
       carbon dioxide emissions using multivariate contingency 
       approach and panel cointegration analysis 
300    94 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-
       11, Section: B, page: 5423 
500    Chairs:  David Good; Kerry Krutilla 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Indiana University, 2003 
520    The objective of this two-essay dissertation is to 
       investigate whether an environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) 
       exists for CO2 emissions in Latin America and the 
       Caribbean. In Essay 1, we use a multivariate contingency 
       framework that allows for some degree of EKC homogeneity 
       conditional upon the quality of a country's political 
       institutions and the severity of its external debt. To 
       test this hypothesis, we extend the basic reduced form EKC
       equation to incorporate specific interaction effects 
       between political institutions, the external debt and the 
       income level so that the turning point is no longer a 
       constant but a function of several variables 
520    We find strong support for the presence of different EKCs 
       conditional upon political institutions and the debt 
       burden with most turning points falling within the sample 
       range. Countries with little democracy have higher turning
       points than highly democratic ones and are more 
       environmentally harmful. More debt increases CO2 emissions
       and delays the EKC turning point. Furthermore, economic 
       growth tends to be environmentally benign at high 
       democracy levels but harmful at low democracy levels. We 
       discuss the significance of these results in the context 
       of policy complementarity and debt reduction programs 
520    In Essay 2, we test the validity of the EKC hypothesis for
       CO2 emissions in the context of non-stationary variables 
       using the same data set and a variant of the multivariate 
       contingency model used in Essay 1. After applying standard
       panel unit roots and cointegration techniques, we find 
       strong evidence of non-stationarity among variables as 
       well as cointegration on the basis of the EKC relationship
       with all turning points falling outside sample range. 
       Interestingly enough, there is conflicting evidence of 
       cointegration using the basic EKC framework with only GDP 
       and GDP squared as regressors. We discuss the policy 
       implications of our findings in regard to three issues: 
       the cost associated with ignoring stationarity, policy 
       complementarity, and possible misspecification of the 
       basic EKC framework 
590    School code: 0093 
590    DDC 
650  4 Environmental Sciences 
650  4 Economics, General 
650  4 Statistics 
690    0768 
690    0501 
690    0463 
710 20 Indiana University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g64-11B 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/