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Author Fan, Qimiao
Title Investment Climate in Brazil, India, and South Africa : A Comparison of Approaches for Sustaining Economic Growth in Emerging Economies
Imprint Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2007
©2008
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (139 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Contents -- Foreword -- Acknowledgments -- Abbreviations -- Introduction -- Chapter 2 Assessing the Investment Climate of Brazil, India, and South Africa -- Chapter 3 Macroeconomic and Trade Policy -- Macroeconomic Performance -- Brazil -- India -- South Africa -- Taxation -- Foreign Trade and Exchange -- The Benefits of Exporting: The Case of Brazil -- Chapter 4 Microeconomic Framework -- Regulation -- Entry of Firms -- Labor Regulation -- Exit of Firms -- Enforcement -- Enforcement of Contracts -- Enforcement of Regulation -- Chapter 5 Enabling Environment for Growth -- Investment Climate and Firm Location -- Access to Finance -- Physical Infrastructure -- Cost and Availability of Skilled Labor -- Crime -- Chapter 6 Potential Reforms and Their Estimated Effects -- Investment Climate Reform and Productivity -- Examining Options for Microeconomic Reform: Access to Credit -- Chapter 7 Lessons from Country Experience -- A Flat Tax for Micro and Small Firms: The SIMPLES Reform in Brazil -- The Context of Reform -- Implementing the Reform -- The Impacts of Reform -- Sustaining and Broadening the Reform -- Conclusions -- The Emergence of India's Software Sector -- The Context of Reform -- Initiating the Reform -- Implementing the Reform -- Sustaining and Broadening the Reform -- The Impacts of Reform -- Conclusions -- Building a Respected Corporate Tax System in South Africa -- The Context for Reform -- Implementing Reform -- The Impacts of Reform -- Sustaining and Broadening Reform -- Conclusions -- South Africa's Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative -- The Context of Reform -- Initiating Reform -- Identifying Priorities for Reform -- Engaging Key Stakeholders -- Conclusions -- Chapter 8 Conclusions -- Appendix A: Concept of the Investment Climate -- Appendix B: Data Sources -- References
Box 7.1 Estimating the Impact of SIMPLES on Formal Employment and Investment -- Box 7.2 Accelerated and Shared Growth Initiative for South Africa -- Figure 3.1 Inflation Rates in Brazil, India, and South Africa, 1996-2006 -- Figure 3.2 Economic Growth in Brazil, 1965-2004 -- Figure 3.3 Per Capita GDP in Brazil, 1985-2001 -- Figure 3.4 Per Capita GDP in India, 1984-2001 -- Figure 3.5 Economic Growth in India, 1965-2004 -- Figure 3.6 Economic Growth in South Africa, 1965-2004 -- Figure 3.7 Average Time in Days to Clear Goods from Customs in Select Countries -- Figure 3.8 Premia for Brazilian Exporters -- Figure 3.9 Movement of Exchange Rates in Select Currencies, 2001-06 -- Figure 4.1 Time and Cost of Starting a Business in Brazilian States -- Figure 4.2 Time and Cost of Registering a Property in Brazilian States -- Figure 4.3 Time and Cost of Starting a Business in Select Indian Cities -- Figure 4.4 Time and Cost of Registering Property in Select Indian Cities -- Figure 4.5 Perceived Effect of Labor Regulation on Staff Levels in Select Countries -- Figure 4.6 Time and Cost of Bankruptcy in Select Indian Cities -- Figure 4.7 Confidence in Judiciary in Select Countries -- Figure 4.8 Time and Cost of Enforcing a Contract in Brazilian States -- Figure 4.9 Time and Cost of Enforcing a Contract in Select Indian Cities -- Figure 4.10 Consistency and Predictability of Officials' Interpretation of Laws in Select Countries -- Figure 4.11 Percent of Management Time Spent on Regulation in Select Countries -- Figure 4.12 Administrative Burden of Regulation in Indian States -- Figure 5.1 Location Factors and Obstacles to Business in Brazil -- Figure 5.2 Interest Rates in Brazil, India, and South Africa, 1996-2006 -- Figure 5.3 Interest Rates in Select Countries, by Firm Size -- Figure 5.4 Losses to Service Interruptions in Brazil
Figure 5.5 Ownership and Use of Generators in Brazil -- Figure 5.6 Utility Interruptions in Indian Cities -- Figure 5.7 Ownership and Use of Generators in India -- Figure 5.8 Weeks to Fill Vacancy for a Skilled Technician in Select Countries -- Figure 6.1 Percentage Gains in Average Productivity Generated by a 20 Percent Improvement in Select Investment Climate Variables in Brazil, India, and South Africa -- Figure 7.1 Tax Revenues as a Share of GDP in Brazil, 1995-2005 -- Figure 7.2 Informality in the Metropoolitan Labor Market in Brazil, 1990-2002 -- Figure 7.3 Distribution of Businesses Filling out Tax Forms in Brazil, Fiscal Years 1996-2003 -- Figure 7.4 Share of Firms Considering Tax Administration as a Major or Severe Obstacle -- Figure 7.5 SIMPLES: Tax Revenues in Fiscal 1996-2003 -- Figure 7.6 Growth of India's IT Services Sector, 2000-10 -- Figure 7.7 Principal Concerns of Firms in South Africa -- Table 2.1 Select Economies Ranked According to the Ease of Doing Business -- Table 2.2 Top Five Business Constraints Identified by Managers -- Table 2.3 Ease of Doing Business in São Paulo, Johannesburg, and Mombai -- Table 2.4 Ease of Doing Business in Brazilian States -- Table 2.5 Ease of Doing Business in Indian Cities -- Table 2.6 Top Five Business Constraints Identified by Managers in Four South African Regions -- Table 3.1 Administrative and Financial Burden of Taxes -- Table 3.2 Procedural Requirements for Exporting and Importing a Standardized Cargo of Goods -- Table 4.1 Bureaucratic and Legal Hurdles to Incorporate and Register a New Firm -- Table 4.2 Flexibility of Employment in Select Cities and Regions -- Table 4.3 Effiency of Bankruptcy Proceedings -- Table 4.4 Burden to Resolve Payment Disputes through the Legal System -- Table 5.1 Effectiveness of Public Power Supply in Select Countries
Table 5.2 Determinants of Wages in South Africa: A Firm-Level Estimation -- Table 5.3 Median Monthly Wages in Select Countries, by Type of Worker -- Table 5.4 Frequency of Firm-based Training in Select Countries -- Table 5.5 Percent of Firms Experiencing Crime and Incurring Security Costs in Select Countries -- Table 6.1 Regression of Firm-level Productivity on Select Productivity Indicators -- Table 6.2 Credit Information in Brazil, India, and South Africa -- Table 6.3 Collateral and Bankruptcy Laws in Brazil, India, and South Africa -- Table 6.4 Share of Adults Covered by Credit Information Registries in Brazil, India, and South Africa, 2006 -- Table 7.1 SIMPLES: Tax Rates per Annual Gross Revenues for Micro and Small Enterprises -- Table 7.2 Tax on MSEs in Brazil before and after the Implementation of SIMPLES -- Table 7.3 Corporate Tax Burden in South Africa, 1995 and 2006 -- Table 8.1 Projected GDP in Brazil, India, and South Africa, 2000-50
A strong investment climate is a platform for economic success. By creating opportunities and setting incentives for firms to invest and productively employ inputs, the investment climate is critical to economic growth and prosperity. Analyzing and comparing the investment climate of Brazil, India, and South Africa, three of today's largest emerging economies, this book presents policy makers with the scope of investment climate reforms in these countries. Inter- and intra-country benchmarking can be a starting point for dialogue between the government and private sector on reform priorities and help to encourage the sharing of best practices. Our hope is that this book will encourage and facilitate reform steps that can improve the investment climate in emerging economies
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Fan, Qimiao Investment Climate in Brazil, India, and South Africa : A Comparison of Approaches for Sustaining Economic Growth in Emerging Economies Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2007 9780821373637
Subject Investments -- Government policy.;Brazil -- Economic policy.;India -- Economic policy -- 1991-;South Africa -- Economic policy
Electronic books
Alt Author Reis, Jose Guilherme
Jarvis, Michael
Beath, Andrew
Frauscher, Kathrin
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