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Author Ebert, Andreas W
Title Food Security and Climate Change
Imprint Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated, 2019
©2019
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (571 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Chapter 1 Climate Change, Agriculture and Food Security -- 1.1 Introduction -- 1.1.1 Climate Change and Agriculture -- 1.1.2 Impact of Dioxide on Crop Productivity -- 1.1.3 Impact of Ozone on Crop Productivity -- 1.1.4 Impact of Temperature and a Changed Climate on Crop Productivity -- 1.2 Climate Change and Food Security -- 1.2.1 Climate Change and Food Availability -- 1.2.2 Climate Change and Stability of Food Production -- 1.2.3 Climate Change and Access to Food -- 1.2.4 Climate Change and Food Utilization -- 1.3 Predicted Impacts of Climate Change on Global Agriculture, Crop Production, and Livestock -- 1.3.1 Climate Change Mitigation, Adaptation, and Resilience -- 1.3.2 Mitigation -- 1.3.3 Adaptation and Resilience -- 1.3.4 Policies, Incentives, Measures, and Mechanisms for Mitigation and Adaptation -- 1.4 Impact of Divergent & Associated Technologies on Food Security under Climate Change -- 1.4.1 Integrated Pest Management (IPM) -- 1.4.2 Technological Options for Boosting Sustainable Agriculture Production -- 1.4.3 Mechanization in Agriculture Sector -- 1.4.4 Food Processing and Quality Agro‐Products Processing -- 1.4.5 Planning, Implementing and Evaluating Climate‐Smart Agriculture in Smallholder Farming Systems -- 1.5 The Government of India Policies and Programs for Food Security -- 1.6 Conclusions -- References -- In Riculture Seri -- Chapter 2 Changes in Food Supply and Demand by 2050 -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Model Description -- 2.3 Model Assumptions -- 2.3.1 Economic and Demographic Assumptions -- 2.4 Climate Assumptions -- 2.5 Results -- 2.5.1 Production -- 2.6 Underutilized Crops -- 2.7 Consumption -- 2.8 Trade and Prices -- 2.9 Food Security -- 2.10 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 3 Crop Responses to Rising Atmospheric [CO2] and Global Climate Change
3.1 Introduction -- 3.1.1 Rising Atmospheric [CO2] and Global Climate Change -- 3.1.2 Measuring Crop Responses to Rising [CO2] -- 3.1.3 Physiological Responses to Rising [CO2] -- 3.2 Crop Production Responses to Rising [CO2] -- 3.2.1 Effects of Rising [CO2] on Food Quality -- 3.2.2 Strategies to Improve Crop Production in a High CO2 World -- 3.2.2.1 Genetic Variability in Elevated [CO2] Responsiveness: The Potential and Challenges for Breeding -- 3.2.2.2 Strategies for Genetic Engineering -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 4 Adaptation of Cropping Systems to Drought under Climate Change (Examples from Australia and Spain) -- 4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Water Supply -- 4.2.1 Changing Patterns of Rainfall -- 4.2.2 Rotations, Fallow, and Soil Management -- 4.3 Interactions of Water with Temperature, CO2 and Nutrients -- 4.3.1 High Temperature Response of Wheat -- 4.3.2 High Temperature and Grain Quality of Wheat -- 4.3.3 Atmospheric CO2 Concentration and Crop Growth -- 4.3.4 Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Grain Quality -- 4.4 Matching Genetic Resources to The Environment and the Challenge to Identify the Ideal Phenotype -- 4.5 Changing Climate and Strategies to Increase Crop Water Supply and Use -- 4.6 Beyond Australia and Spain -- 4.7 Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Chapter 5 Combined Impacts of Carbon, Temperature, and Drought to Sustain Food Production -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.1.1 Need for Food to Feed the Nine Billion by 2050 -- 5.2 Changing Climate -- 5.3 Carbon Dioxide And Plant Growth -- 5.3.1 Responses of Plants to Increased CO2 -- 5.3.2 Effect of Increased CO2 on Roots -- 5.3.3 Effect of Increased CO2 on Quality -- 5.4 Temperature Effects on Plant Growth -- 5.4.1 Responses of Plants to High Temperatures -- 5.4.2 Mechanisms of Temperature Effect on Plants -- 5.5 Water Effects on Plant Growth
5.5.1 Mechanisms of Water Stress -- 5.6 Interactions of Carbon Dioxide, Temperature, And Water in a Changing Climate -- References -- Chapter 6 Scope, Options and Approaches to Climate Change -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Impact of CO2 and climate stress on growth and yield of agricultural crop -- 6.3 The Primary Mechanisms of Plants Respond to Elevated CO2 -- 6.4 Interaction of Rising CO2 With Other Environmental Factors - Temperature and Water -- 6.5 Impact of Climate Change on Crop Quality -- 6.6 Climate Change, Crop Improvement, and Future Food Security -- 6.7 Intra‐specific Variation in Crop Response to Elevated [CO2] ‐ Current Germplasm Versus Wild Relatives -- 6.8 Identification of New QTLs for Plant Breeding -- 6.9 Association Mapping for Large Germplasm Screening -- 6.10 Genetic Engineering of CO2 Responsive Traits -- 6.11 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 7 Mitigation and Adaptation Approaches to Sustain Food Security under Climate Change -- 7.1 Technology and its Approaches Options to Climate Change in Agriculture System -- 7.1.1 Adjusting Agricultural Farming Systems and Organization, with Changes in Cropping Systems -- 7.1.2 Changing Farm Production Activities -- 7.1.3 Developing Biotechnology, Breeding New Varieties to Adapt to Climate Change -- 7.1.4 Developing Information Systems, and Establishing a Disaster Prevention System -- 7.1.5 Strengthening the Agricultural Infrastructure, Adjusting Management Measures -- 7.2 Development and Implementation of Techniques to Combat Climatic Changes -- 7.2.1 Improving Awareness of Potential Implications of Climate Change Among All Parties Involved (from grassroots level to decision makers) -- 7.2.2 Enhancing Research on Typical Technology -- 7.2.2.1 Enhancing Research on Typical Technology for Different Areas -- 7.2.2.2 Enhancing Research on Food Quality Under Climate Change
7.2.2.3 Enhancing Research on Legumes and Its Biological Nitrogen Fixation -- 7.2.3 Developing Climate‐Crop Modelling as an Aid to Constructing Scenarios -- 7.2.4 Development and Assessment Efforts of Adaptation Technology -- References -- Chapter 8 Role of Plant Breeding to Sustain Food Security under Climate Change -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Sources of Genetic Diversity and their Screening for Stress Adaptation -- 8.2.1 Crop‐related Species -- 8.2.2 Domestic Genetic Diversity -- 8.2.3 Crossbreeding -- 8.2.4 Pre‐breeding -- 8.2.5 Biotechnology and Modeling as Aids for Breeding Cultivars -- 8.3 Physiology‐facilitated Breeding and Phenotyping -- 8.3.1 Abiotic Stress Adaptation and Resource‐use Efficiency -- 8.3.2 Precise and High Throughput Phenotyping -- 8.4 DNA‐markers for Trait Introgression and Omics‐led Breeding -- 8.5 Transgenic Breeding -- References -- Chapter 9 Role of Plant Genetic Resources in Food Security -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Climate Change and Agriculture -- 9.3 Adjusting Crop Distribution -- 9.4 Within Crop Genetic Diversity for Abiotic Stress Tolerances -- 9.5 Broadening the Available Genetic Diversity Within Crops -- 9.6 Crop Wild Relatives as a Novel Source Of Genetic Diversity -- 9.7 Genomics, Genetic Variation and Breeding for Tolerance of Abiotic Stresses -- 9.8 Under‐utilised Species -- 9.9 Genetic Resources in the Low Rainfall Temperate Crop Zone -- 9.10 Forage and Range Species -- 9.11 Genetic Resources in the Humid Tropics -- 9.12 Genetic Resources in the Semi‐arid Tropics and Representative Subsets -- 9.13 Plant Phenomics -- 9.14 Discovering Climate Resilient Germplasm Using Representative Subsets -- 9.14.1 Multiple Stress Tolerances -- 9.14.2 Drought Tolerance -- 9.14.3 Heat Tolerance -- 9.14.4 Tolerance of Soil Nutrient Imbalance -- 9.15 Global Warming and Declining Nutritional Quality
9.16 Crop Wild Relatives (CWR) ‐ The Source of Allelic Diversity -- 9.17 Introgression of Traits from CWR -- 9.18 Association Genetics to Abiotic Stress Adaptation -- 9.19 Strategic Overview -- 9.20 Perspectives -- 9.21 Summary -- References -- Chapter 10 Breeding New Generation Genotypes for Conservation Agriculture in Maize‐Wheat Cropping Systems under Climate Change -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 Challenges Before Indian Agriculture -- 10.2.1 Declining Profit -- 10.2.2 Depleting Natural Resources -- 10.2.2.1 Water -- 10.2.2.2 Soil Health/ Soil Quality -- 10.2.3 Changing Climate -- 10.2.4 Climate Change Adaptation: Why it is Important in Wheat? -- 10.3 CA as a Concept to Address These Issues Simultaneously -- 10.4 Technological Gaps for CA in India -- 10.4.1 Machinery Issue -- 10.4.2 Non‐availability of Adapted Genotypes for Conservation Agriculture -- 10.4.3 Designing the Breeding Strategies -- 10.5 Characteristics of Genotypes Adapted for CA -- 10.5.1 Role of Coleoptiles in Better Stand Establishment Under CA -- 10.5.2 Spreading Growth Habit During Initial Phase for Better Moisture Conservation and Smothering of Weeds -- 10.5.3 Exploitation of Vernalization Requirement for Intensification -- 10.5.4 Integrating Cropping System and Agronomy Perspective in Breeding for CA -- 10.6 Wheat Ideotype for Rice‐Wheat Cropping Systems of Northern India -- 10.7 Breeding Methodology Adopted in IARI for CA Specific Breeding -- 10.8 Countering the Tradeoff Between Stress Adaptation and Yield Enhancement Through CA Directed Breeding -- 10.8.1 Yield Enhancement by Increasing Water Use Efficiency Through CA -- 10.9 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 11 Pests and Diseases under Climate Change -- Its Threat to Food Security -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Climate Change and Insect Pests -- 11.3 Climate Change and Plant Viruses -- 11.4 Climate Change and Fungal Pathogens
11.5 Climate Change and Effects on Host Plant Distribution and Availability
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Ebert, Andreas W. Food Security and Climate Change Newark : John Wiley & Sons, Incorporated,c2019 9781119180647
Subject Crops and climate.
Food security-Climatic factors
Electronic books
Alt Author Hatfield, Jerry L
Hunter, Danny
Yadav, Shyam Singh
Redden, Robert J
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