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Author Letcher, Trevor M
Title Applied Thermodynamics of Fluids
Imprint Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry, 2010
©2010
book jacket
Edition 1st ed
Descript 1 online resource (535 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Applied Thermodynamics of Fluids -- Contents -- List of Contributors -- Experimental Thermodynamics Series -- Acknowledgments -- Chapter 1 Introduction -- References -- Chapter 2 Fundamental Considerations -- 2.1 Introduction -- 2.2 Basic Thermodynamics -- 2.2.1 Homogeneous Functions -- 2.2.2 Thermodynamic Properties from Differentiation of Fundamental Equations -- 2.3 Deviation Functions -- 2.3.1 Residual Functions -- 2.3.2 Evaluation of Residual Functions -- 2.4 Mixing and Departure Functions -- 2.4.1 Departure Functions with Temperature, Molar Volume and Composition as the Independent Variables -- 2.4.2 Departure Functions with Temperature, Pressure and Composition as the Independent Variables -- 2.5 Mixing and Excess Functions -- 2.6 Partial Molar Properties -- 2.7 Fugacity and Fugacity Coefficients -- 2.8 Activity Coefficients -- 2.9 The Phase Rule -- 2.10 Equilibrium Conditions -- 2.10.1 Phase Equilibria -- 2.10.2 Chemical Equilibria -- 2.11 Stability and the Critical State -- 2.11.1 Densities and Fields -- 2.11.2 Stability -- 2.11.3 Critical State -- References -- Chapter 3 The Virial Equation of State -- 3.1 Introduction -- 3.1.1 Temperature Dependence of the Virial Coefficients -- 3.1.2 Composition Dependence of the Virial Coefficients -- 3.1.3 Convergence of the Virial Series -- 3.1.4 The Pressure Series -- 3.2 Theoretical Background -- 3.2.1 Virial Coefficients of Hard-Core-Square-Well Molecules -- 3.3 Thermodynamic Properties of Gases -- 3.3.1 Perfect-gas and Residual Properties -- 3.3.2 Helmholtz Energy and Gibbs Energy -- 3.3.3 Perfect-Gas Properties -- 3.3.4 Residual Properties -- 3.4 Estimation of Second and Third Virial Coefficients -- 3.4.1 Application of Intermolecular Potential-energy Functions -- 3.4.2 Corresponding-states Methods -- References -- Chapter 4 Cubic and Generalized van der Waals Equations of State
4.1 Introduction -- 4.2 Cubic Equation of State Formulation -- 4.2.1 The van der Waals Equation of State (1873) -- 4.2.2 The Redlich and Kwong Equation of State (1949) -- 4.2.3 The Soave, Redlich and Kwong Equation of State (1972) -- 4.2.4 The Peng and Robinson Equation of State (1976) -- 4.2.5 The Patel and Teja (PT) Equation of State (1982) -- 4.2.6 The α Parameter -- 4.2.7 Volume Translation -- 4.2.8 The Elliott, Suresh and Donohue (ESD) Equation of State (1990) -- 4.2.9 Higher-Order Equations of State Rooted to the Cubic Equations of State -- 4.2.10 Extension of Cubic Equations of State to Mixtures -- 4.3 Applications -- 4.3.1 Pure Components -- 4.3.2 Oil and Gas Industry - Hydrocarbons and Petroleum Fractions -- 4.3.3 Chemical Industry - Polar and Hydrogen Bonding Fluids -- 4.3.4 Polymers -- 4.3.5 Transport Properties -- 4.4 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 5 Mixing and Combining Rules -- 5.1 Introduction -- 5.2 The Virial Equation of State -- 5.3 Cubic Equations of State -- 5.3.1 Mixing Rules -- 5.3.2 Combining Rules -- 5.3.3 Non-Quadratic Mixing and Combining Rules -- 5.3.4 Mixing Rules that Combine an Equation of State with an Activity-Coefficient Model -- 5.4 Multi-Parameter Equations of State -- 5.4.1 Benedict, Webb, and Rubin Equation of State -- 5.4.2 Generalization with the Acentric Factor -- 5.4.3 Helmholtz-Function Equations of State -- 5.5 Mixing Rules for Hard Spheres and Association -- 5.5.1 Mixing and Combining Rules for SAFT -- 5.5.2 Cubic Plus Association Equation of State -- References -- Chapter 6 The Corresponding-States Principle -- 6.1 Introduction -- 6.2 Theoretical Considerations -- 6.3 Determination of Shape Factors -- 6.3.1 Other Reference Fluids -- 6.3.2 Exact Shape Factors -- 6.3.3 Shape Factors from Generalized Equations of State -- 6.4 Mixtures -- 6.4.1 van der Waals One-Fluid Theory
6.4.2 Mixture Corresponding-States Relations -- 6.5 Applications of Corresponding-States Theory -- 6.5.1 Extended Corresponding-States for Natural Gas Systems -- 6.5.2 Extended Lee-Kesler -- 6.5.3 Generalized Crossover Cubic Equation of State -- 6.6 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 7 Thermodynamics of Fluids at Meso and Nano Scales -- 7.1 Introduction -- 7.2 Thermodynamic Approach to Meso-Heterogeneous Systems -- 7.2.1 Equilibrium Fluctuations -- 7.2.2 Local Helmholtz Energy -- 7.3 Applications of Meso-Thermodynamics -- 7.3.1 Van der Waals Theory of a Smooth Interface -- 7.3.2 Polymer Chain in a Dilute Solution -- 7.3.3 Building a Nanoparticle Through Self Assembly -- 7.3.4 Modulated Fluid Phases -- 7.4 Meso-Thermodynamics of Criticality -- 7.4.1 Critical Fluctuations -- 7.4.2 Scaling Relations -- 7.4.3 Near-Critical Interface -- 7.4.4 Divergence of Tolman's Length -- 7.5 Competition of Meso-Scales -- 7.5.1 Crossover to Tricriticality in Polymer Solutions -- 7.5.2 Tolman's Length in Polymer Solutions -- 7.5.3 Finite-size Scaling -- 7.6 Non-Equilibrium Meso-Thermodynamics of Fluid Phase Separation -- 7.6.1 Relaxation of Fluctuations -- 7.6.2 Critical Slowing Down -- 7.6.3 Homogeneous Nucleation -- 7.6.4 Spinodal Decomposition -- 7.7 Conclusion -- References -- Chapter 8 SAFT Associating Fluids and Fluid Mixtures -- 8.1 Introduction -- 8.2 Statistical Mechanical Theories of Association and Wertheim's Theory -- 8.3 SAFT Equations of State -- 8.3.1 SAFT-HS and SAFT-HR -- 8.3.2 Soft-SAFT -- 8.3.3 SAFT-VR -- 8.3.4 PC-SAFT -- 8.3.5 Summary -- 8.4 Extensions of the SAFT Approach -- 8.4.1 Modelling the Critical Region -- 8.4.2 Polar Fluids -- 8.4.3 Ion-Containing Fluids -- 8.4.4 Modelling Inhomogeneous Fluids -- 8.4.5 Dense Phases: Liquid Crystals and Solids -- 8.5 Parameter Estimation: Towards more Predictive Approaches
8.5.1 Pure-component Parameter Estimation -- 8.5.2 Use of Quantum Mechanics in SAFT Equations of State -- 8.5.3 Unlike Binary Intermolecular Parameters -- 8.6 SAFT Group-Contribution Approaches -- 8.6.1 Homonuclear Group-Contribution Models in SAFT -- 8.6.2 Heteronuclear Group Contribution Models in SAFT -- 8.7 Concluding Remarks -- References -- Chapter 9 Polydisperse Fluids -- 9.1 Introduction -- 9.2 Influence of Polydispersity on the Liquid+Liquid Equilibrium of a Polymer Solution -- 9.3 Approaches to Polydispersity -- 9.3.1 The Pseudo-component Method -- 9.3.2 Continuous Thermodynamics -- 9.4 Application to Real Systems -- 9.4.1 Polymer Systems -- 9.4.2 Petroleum Fluids, Asphaltenes, Waxes and Other Applications -- 9.5 Conclusions -- References -- Chapter 10 Thermodynamic Behaviour of Fluids near Critical Points -- 10.1 Introduction -- 10.2 General Theory of Critical Behaviour -- 10.2.1 Scaling Fields, Critical Exponents, and Critical Amplitudes -- 10.2.2 Parametric Equation of State -- 10.3. One-Component Fluids -- 10.3.1 Simple Scaling -- 10.3.2 Revised Scaling -- 10.3.3 Complete Scaling -- 10.3.4 Vapour-Liquid Equilibrium -- 10.3.5 Symmetric Corrections to Scaling -- 10.4 Binary Fluid Mixtures -- 10.4.1 Isomorphic Critical Behaviour of Mixtures -- 10.4.2 Incompressible Liquid Mixtures -- 10.4.3 Weakly Compressible Liquid Mixtures -- 10.4.4 Compressible Fluid Mixtures -- 10.4.5 Dilute Solutions -- 10.5 Crossover Critical Behaviour -- 10.5.1 Crossover from Ising-like to Mean-Field Critical Behaviour -- 10.5.2 Effective Critical Exponents -- 10.5.3 Global Crossover Behaviour of Fluids -- 10.6 Discussion -- Acknowledgements -- References -- Chapter 11 Phase Behaviour of Ionic Liquid Systems -- 11.1 Introduction -- 11.2 Phase Behaviour of Binary Ionic Liquid Systems -- 11.2.1 Phase Behaviour of (Ionic Liquid+Gas Mixtures)
11.2.2 Phase Behaviour of (Ionic Liquid+Water) -- 11.2.3 Phase Behaviour of (Ionic Liquid+Organic) -- 11.3 Phase Behaviour of Ternary Ionic Liquid Systems -- 11.3.1 Phase Behaviour of (Ionic Liquid+Carbon Dioxide+Organic) -- 11.3.2 Phase Behaviour of (Ionic Liquid+Aliphatic+Aromatic) -- 11.3.3 Phase Behaviour of (Ionic Liquid+Water+Alcohol) -- 11.3.4 Phase Behaviour of Ionic Liquid Systems with Azeotropic Organic Mixtures -- 11.4 Modeling of the Phase Behaviour of Ionic Liquid Systems -- 11.4.1 Molecular Simulations -- 11.4.2 Excess Gibbs-energy Methods -- 11.4.3 Equation of State Modeling -- 11.4.4 Quantum Chemical Methods -- References -- Chapter 12 Multi-parameter Equations of State for Pure Fluids and Mixtures -- 12.1 Introduction -- 12.2 The Development of a Thermodynamic Property Formulation -- 12.3 Fitting an Equation of State to Experimental Data -- 12.3.1 Recent Nonlinear Fitting Methods -- 12.4 Pressure-Explicit Equations of State -- 12.4.1 Cubic Equations -- 12.4.2 The Benedict-Webb-Rubin Equation of State -- 12.4.3 The Bender Equation of State -- 12.4.4 The Jacobsen-Stewart Equation of State -- 12.4.5 Thermodynamic Properties from Pressure-Explicit Equations of State -- 12.5 Fundamental Equations -- 12.5.1 The Equation of Keenan, Keyes, Hill, and Moore -- 12.5.2 The Equations of Haar, Gallagher, and Kell -- 12.5.3 The Equation of Schmidt and Wagner -- 12.5.4 Reference Equations of Wagner -- 12.5.5 Technical Equations of Span and of Lemmon -- 12.5.6 Recent Equations of State -- 12.5.7 Thermodynamic Properties from Helmholtz Energy Equations of State -- 12.6 Comparisons of Property Formulations -- 12.7 Recommended Multi-Parameter Equations of State -- 12.8 Equations of State for Mixtures -- 12.8.1 Extended Corresponding States Methods -- 12.8.2 Mixture Properties from Helmholtz Energy Equations of State
12.9 Software for Calculating Thermodynamic Properties
Published under the auspices of both IUPAC and its affiliated body, the International Association of Chemical Thermodynamics (IACT), this book will serve as a guide to scientists or technicians who use equations of state for fluids
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Letcher, Trevor M Applied Thermodynamics of Fluids Cambridge : Royal Society of Chemistry,c2010 9781847558060
Subject Fluids -- Thermal properties
Electronic books
Alt Author Weir, Ron
Renner, Terry
Browarzik, Dieter
Trusler, J P Martin
Economou, Ionannis G
Ely, Jim
McCabe, Clare
Galindo, Amaparo
Anisimov, Mikhail A
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