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Author Holland, Sandra Carole
Title Hedonic modeling of the Tucson housing market: The effect of educational submarkets on house prices
book jacket
Descript 315 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-11, Section: A, page: 4450
Advisers: David A. Plane; Gordon F. Mulligan
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The University of Arizona, 2008
This study examines the effects of educational submarkets---schools and districts---on house prices in the Tucson region. The supposition that homebuyers will pay more to live in a better school district or school attendance area is examined, with the quality of education measured by per-student expenditures and academic achievement. Traditional single-market modeling of the housing market finds that education submarkets have a small but significant effect on housing price. Further modeling, taking explicit account of the spatial nature of the housing market, suggests that in the single-market approach, education submarkets act as proxies for other neighborhood effects and variables omitted from the model. Incorporating the unique location coordinates of the properties and allowing marginal attribute- and location-effects to vary across geographic space in a trend surface approach produces more robust model results and allows the educational submarket effects to be isolated. The results suggest that school districts have a small but significant price effect even after a fluid price surface has been developed, but that intra-district variation remains. These price effects have some relationship with district quality as measured by academic achievement, but the housing market does not reward per-student expenditures. At the intra-district level, middle school quality does not appear to have a significant effect on housing price, at least in the Tucson Unified School District. However, the trend surface approach still proves to be a useful methodology for modeling small, local-scale variations. The use of polynomial expansion and spatial-attribute variable interactions is successful: problems of variable omission are diminished, spatially autocorrelated error terms are reduced and removed, effects of multicollinearity are minimized, and the effects of the educational submarkets may be examined in isolation
School code: 0009
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 69-11A
Subject Geography
Economics, General
Education, General
0366
0501
0515
Alt Author The University of Arizona. Geography
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