LEADER 00000nam  2200385   4500 
001    AAI3137056 
005    20051203080715.5 
008    051203s2004                        eng d 
020    0496842498 
035    (UnM)AAI3137056 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Loehr, Daniel P 
245 10 Gesture and intonation 
300    205 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 65-
       06, Section: A, page: 2180 
500    Adviser:  Elizabeth C. Zsiga 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Georgetown University, 2004 
520    This dissertation investigates the relationship between 
       gesture and intonation. Gesture is known to correlate on a
       number of levels with speech in general, but less is known
       about gesture's relationship to intonation specifically 
520    I filmed four subjects in natural conversations with 
       friends, and annotated sections of the resulting digital 
       videos for intonation and gesture. I annotated intonation 
       following ToBI (Tones and Break Indices), an 
       implementation of Pierrehumbert's (1980; Beckman and 
       Pierrehumbert 1986) intonational framework. I coded 
       gesture according to guidelines published by McNeill 
       (1992) and colleagues. Over 7,500 time-stamped annotations
       were manually recorded in a digital annotation tool, and 
       exported for statistical analysis 
520    I sought answers to five questions. First, does Bolinger's
       (1983, 1986) hypothesis hold, in which pitch and body 
       parts rise and fall together, to reflect increased or 
       decreased tension? I found no evidence of this 
520    Second, each modality has hypothesized units. Do the unit 
       boundaries  align? I found that the apexes of gestural 
       strokes and pitch accents aligned consistently, and 
       gestural phrases and intermediate phrases aligned quite 
520    Third, do the various unit types correlate? I found no 
       significant correlation between movement types (e.g. 
       deictics, beats) and tone types (e.g. pitch accents, 
       phrase tones) 
520    Fourth, do the respective meanings of gestural and 
       intonational events correlate? Although intonation is 
       semantically and pragmatically impoverished relative to 
       gesture, I did find occasional but striking instances 
       where the meanings of the two modalities converged 
520    Finally, how do the two modalities integrate rhythmically?
       I found a rich relationship, in which the three main 
       "instruments" (hands, head, voice) interplayed much like a
       jazz piece, with tempos that sometimes synchronized, 
       sometimes differed, and which included full notes, half 
       notes, and syncopation 
520    The findings are relevant to theories proposed for each 
       modality. For intonation, gestural counterparts to 
       intermediate phrases provide independent evidence for the 
       existence of such phrases. For gesture, the observed 
       relationship with intonation lends support to the theory 
       of a common cognitive origin of gesture and speech 
590    School code: 0076 
590    DDC 
650  4 Language, Linguistics 
690    0290 
710 20 Georgetown University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g65-06A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/