Record:   Prev Next
Author Neidlinger, Erica Jean
Title The effect of Laban Effort-Shape instruction on young conductors' perception of expressiveness across arts disciplines
book jacket
Descript 169 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-06, Section: A, page: 2018
Advisers: Paul A. Haack; David James Teachout
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Minnesota, 2003
The purposes of this study were (a) to determine if Laban Effort/Shape instruction affects young conductors' ability to perceive expressiveness in movement, (b) to determine if Laban Effort/Shape instruction affects young conductors' comfort level with the task of evaluating expressive movement, (c) to determine if differences exist in young conductors' expressive evaluations across four artistic disciplines (conducting, dance, figure skating, and mime), and (d) to discover trends that may emerge in subjects' motivations when making evaluative decisions
Subjects (N = 54) were enrolled in two different sections of an undergraduate conducting course at a large Midwestern university. For the purpose of scheduling the study within the pre-existing syllabus, section 1 was designated the control group and section 2 the treatment group. The treatment period consisted of four 50-minute class periods of Effort/Shape instruction that occurred within a two-week period. A Solomon design was used to control for testing effects
Measurement instruments included a pre-course questionnaire and a test of videotaped examples with answer sheet. The videotape consisted of twelve silent examples of expressive movement representing the disciplines of conducting, dance, figure skating, and mime. An expert panel was used to determine the expressive levels of the examples (low, medium, and high) and to comparison against the ratings of subjects. Three randomized orders of videotape were used for the pretest, posttest, and re-posttest. The corresponding answer sheet provided scales for subjects to rate the expressiveness of each videotaped example. Subjects also rated their level of comfort with the task and wrote a short response about what motivated them when making evaluative decisions
After Effort/Shape instruction subjects were better able to distinguish between levels of expression and used a broader range of expressive ratings. Treatment subjects became more critical of conducting examples than of other disciplines. Effort/Shape training significantly increased the comfort level of subjects over time. The treatment group also used specific Laban terms and referred to use of the torso, while the control group responded using general terms. The use of Laban vocabulary coincided with an increased comfort level and heightened ability to distinguish between levels of expressive movement
School code: 0130
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-06A
Subject Education, Music
Alt Author University of Minnesota
Record:   Prev Next