LEADER 00000nam  2200325   4500 
001    AAI3178215 
005    20070518125755.5 
008    070518s2005                        eng d 
020    9780542175527 
035    (UnM)AAI3178215 
040    UnM|cUnM 
100 1  Sharpe, Shushawna S 
245 10 Leadership orientation of graduate medical education 
       program directors and residency training program 
       effectiveness in teaching hospitals:  An exploratory study
300    151 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-
       06, Section: A, page: 2058 
500    Adviser:  Bernard M. Kerr 
502    Thesis (D.H.A.)--Central Michigan University, 2005 
520    The purpose of this study is twofold; the first is to 
       examine the relationship between the leadership 
       orientation of Graduate Medical Education (GME) program 
       directors (independent variable) and residency training 
       program effectiveness (dependent variable) in teaching 
       hospitals. The second purpose is to identify the 
       leadership styles of program directors and their 
       relationship to residency training program effectiveness. 
       Two survey instruments were sent to 67 program directors 
       and 320 graduating residents. Bolman and Deal's Leadership
       Orientation and Cameron's tool for organizational 
       effectiveness were sent to 387 participants. Forty-one 
       program directors and 201 graduating residents responded 
       to the survey. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, t 
       test, ANOVA, MANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, 
       and canonical analysis were used to analyze data. The 
       major findings included: (1) program directors used the 
       structural frame the most frequently, followed by the 
       human resource, political, and symbolic frames; (2) 
       program directors were more likely to use no leadership 
       frame style (46%), followed by the single (16%), multi-
       frame (13%) and paired frame style (16%); (3) demographic 
       variables (domain, size, chairs' gender, length of tenure)
       had a significant influence on program directors' use of 
       leadership frames; (4) program directors' use of all four 
       leadership frames were significantly correlated with 
       program effectiveness domains (extra, moral, academic and 
       extracurricular); (5) program directors' leadership styles
       (no, single, paired, and multi-frame) were significantly 
       associated with technical and administrative support; 
       chairs using multiple frames were more likely to provide 
       these two kinds of support for faculty use of domains of 
       effectiveness; (6) program directors' use of leadership 
       frame patterns was also associated with the moral domain 
       of program effectiveness, program directors' use of the 
       structural frame, a combination of the structural and 
       political frames, or a combination of the structural, 
       human resource, and political frames being more helpful 
       for program directors' use of the domains of 
       effectiveness; and (7) size and program directors' length 
       of tenure along with their leadership styles were 
       associated with the moral domain of program effectiveness.
       These findings suggest that program directors should use 
       the multi-frame leadership style to run an effective 
       residency training program 
590    School code: 6006 
590    DDC 
650  4 Health Sciences, Education 
650  4 Education, Administration 
690    0350 
690    0514 
710 20 Central Michigan University 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g66-06A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
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