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Author Sharpe, Shushawna S
Title Leadership orientation of graduate medical education program directors and residency training program effectiveness in teaching hospitals: An exploratory study
book jacket
Descript 151 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-06, Section: A, page: 2058
Adviser: Bernard M. Kerr
Thesis (D.H.A.)--Central Michigan University, 2005
The purpose of this study is twofold; the first is to examine the relationship between the leadership orientation of Graduate Medical Education (GME) program directors (independent variable) and residency training program effectiveness (dependent variable) in teaching hospitals. The second purpose is to identify the leadership styles of program directors and their relationship to residency training program effectiveness. Two survey instruments were sent to 67 program directors and 320 graduating residents. Bolman and Deal's Leadership Orientation and Cameron's tool for organizational effectiveness were sent to 387 participants. Forty-one program directors and 201 graduating residents responded to the survey. Descriptive statistics, Chi-square test, t test, ANOVA, MANOVA, Pearson's correlation coefficients, and canonical analysis were used to analyze data. The major findings included: (1) program directors used the structural frame the most frequently, followed by the human resource, political, and symbolic frames; (2) program directors were more likely to use no leadership frame style (46%), followed by the single (16%), multi-frame (13%) and paired frame style (16%); (3) demographic variables (domain, size, chairs' gender, length of tenure) had a significant influence on program directors' use of leadership frames; (4) program directors' use of all four leadership frames were significantly correlated with program effectiveness domains (extra, moral, academic and extracurricular); (5) program directors' leadership styles (no, single, paired, and multi-frame) were significantly associated with technical and administrative support; chairs using multiple frames were more likely to provide these two kinds of support for faculty use of domains of effectiveness; (6) program directors' use of leadership frame patterns was also associated with the moral domain of program effectiveness, program directors' use of the structural frame, a combination of the structural and political frames, or a combination of the structural, human resource, and political frames being more helpful for program directors' use of the domains of effectiveness; and (7) size and program directors' length of tenure along with their leadership styles were associated with the moral domain of program effectiveness. These findings suggest that program directors should use the multi-frame leadership style to run an effective residency training program
School code: 6006
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-06A
Subject Health Sciences, Education
Education, Administration
Alt Author Central Michigan University
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