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Author Ware, Karen Michelle
Title Relations of happiness, optimism, and negative mood regulation expectancies with risk-taking behavior
book jacket
Descript 47 p
Note Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 43-01, page: 0326
Chair: Jack Mearns
Thesis (M.S.)--California State University, Fullerton, 2004
This study examined how the personality dimensions of happiness, optimism, NMR expectancies, and positive and negative affectivity might be associated with risk-taking behavior. College students (n = 119) completed surveys measuring these personality dimensions, and a survey measuring the likelihood of engaging in various risk-taking behaviors over the next 30 days. Results did not show any of the personality dimensions to be a significant predictor of risk-taking; optimism was nearly significant. There were gender differences in the types of risks taken. Men were twice as likely as women to engage in illegal drug use or high risk sports. Men were also more likely to engage in aggressive or illegal behaviors or heavy drinking. Women were as likely as men to take academic or school risks, or engage in sexual risks. NMR expectancies were significantly associated with negative affectivity, happiness, and optimism, independent of social desirability. Therefore, NMR expectancies may be one of the factors that contribute to positive and healthy states of being. Including a program that increases NMR expectancies in psychotherapy could help relieve distress symptoms, and increase well-being
School code: 6060
Host Item Masters Abstracts International 43-01
Subject Psychology, Clinical
Psychology, Behavioral
Alt Author California State University, Fullerton
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