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Author Plural Publishing, Incorporated
Title Speech Audiometry : Auditory Neuroscience and Diagnosis
Imprint San Diego : Plural Publishing, Incorporated, 2011
©2012
book jacket
Edition 2nd ed
Descript 1 online resource (259 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Note Intro -- 1 Introduction   As implied by its title, this book focuses on speech audiometry, which refers to the use of an audiometer and speech stimuli to assess hearing. While pure tone audiometry by air and bone conduction provides good information regarding the basic types of hearing loss, it provides limited and indirect information about how we hear speech. Speech audiometry can tell us how well one hears speech at just audible levels, at faint speech levels, average conversation levels, and intense -- 2 Brief Overview of Speech Acoustics   A goal for audiologists is to assist hearing-impaired persons in achieving the best possible speech communication. Since normal speech communication is dependent upon normal or nearly normal hearing, it is important that audiologists have at least a basic understanding of speech and language. The goal of this chapter is to provide a brief review of speech acoustics, including speech production and sound classification, selected aspects of the intensity, fre -- 3 Preparation for Testing   Chapter 2 presented information about the speech signals that can be presented by speech audiometry. Speech audiometry should be conducted with calibrated equipment in a standard clinical environment using appropriate acoustic stimuli in a manner favorable to obtaining reliable and valid test results. This chapter addresses familiarization with the audiometer, output transducers and their placement, selected calibration issues, and the test environment. Some of this i
4 Traditional Measurements in Speech Audiometry   This chapter addresses traditional speech thresholds, speech recognition and identification tests, performance-intensity functions, and factors that affect test results. Speech thresholds are measured in dB, and speech recognition or identification performance is measured in percent correct. As noted in Chapter 3, speech threshold tests may be conducted via air conduction or bone conduction. In some instances, it may be easier to obtain speech th -- 5 Masking in Speech Audiometry   Clinical masking is the presentation of a noise, the masker, to the nontest ear in order to prevent that ear from participating in an assessment of the test ear. Masking of the nontest ear is necessary in situations in which the stimulus presented to the test ear may be audible in the nontest ear. Masking protocols are of particular interest to clinicians because they typically make it possible to obtain valid test results for each of the two ears separately. In -- 6 Assessment for Differential Diagnosis   This chapter focuses on the role of speech audiometry in differential diagnosis. What is meant by differential diagnosis? Here, differential diagnosis refers to the use of audiologic assessment tools to differentiate normal from disordered hearing and to differentiate one type of hearing loss from another. Differential diagnosis does not require identification of the specific etiology of the hearing loss as often is implied in a medical diagnosis but may
7 Assessment of Auditory Processing Disorders   INTRODUCTION The terms auditory processing disorder (APD) and central auditory processing disorder (CAPD) are used interchangeably by authors and researchers from many fields of study. ASHA (2005) acknowledged the terms as synonymous. As stated on the Auditory Processing Disorders in the United Kingdom website (http://www.apduk.org), "APD is a way of life not just a disability." Therefore, assessment of an auditory processing disorder (APD) is only -- 8 Assessment of Pseudohypacusis   WHAT IS PSEUDOHYPACUSIS? Not every individual seen by the audiologist in an audiology clinic is completely cooperative during the evaluation -- the reasons for this are as varied as the clients. Difficult-to-test patients fall into several categories, including cognitively impaired, hyperactive, fearful (e.g., the "white coat" syndrome) or uncooperative in any other way. Pseudohypacusis falls into the difficult-to-test category as well. This terminology is used to -- 9 Use of Speech Stimuli for Hearing Aid Evaluations and To Optimize Hearing Aid Fittings   AN HISTORICAL PERSPECTIVE ON HEARING AID FITTINGS NIDCD demographic data suggests that approximately 28 million Americans have a hearing loss, making it a prevalent chronic health condition in the United States. Hearing loss affects people of all ages, in all segments of the population, and across all socioeconomic levels. Although approximately 17 in 1,000 children under age 18 have hearing loss, the inci
10 Assessment to Determine Cochlear Implant Candidacy   INTRODUCTION A cochlear implant is a relatively small, complex electronic device that can restore some sense of sound to a person who is profoundly deaf or severely hard-of-hearing. The "implant system" consists of an external sound processor and an internal receiver/cochlear stimulator and electrode array. The internal receiver and external headpiece of the sound processor are held in proximity to each other by way of a magnet system, allo
Provides broad coverage of speech audiometry and masking in clinical protocols. In addition to providing appropriate background information, the coverage presents a broad spectrum of assessment tools ranging from traditional to modern. Procedures in this book will assist clinicians in determining differential diagnosis, assessing auditory processing ability, identifying pseudohypacusis, determining cochlear implant candidacy, predicting hearing aid benefit, and counseling
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Plural Publishing, Incorporated Speech Audiometry : Auditory Neuroscience and Diagnosis San Diego : Plural Publishing, Incorporated,c2011 9781597563703
Subject Audiometry, Speech.;Speech perception -- Testing
Electronic books
Alt Author Peterson, Mary
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