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Author Nanda, Ved
Title International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st Century : 2nd Revised Edition
Imprint Leiden : BRILL, 2012
©2013
book jacket
Edition 2nd ed
Descript 1 online resource (681 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series International Environmental Law Ser. ; v.9
International Environmental Law Ser
Note Intro -- Contents -- Acknowledgements -- Part One: Introduction -- Chapter One International Environmental Law: The Nature and Scope of the Challenge -- 1.0 Introduction -- 1.1 The Sources or Bases of International Environmental Law -- 1.1.1 International Conventional Law -- 1.1.2 International Customary Law -- 1.1.3 General Principles of Law -- 1.1.4 Judicial Decisions -- 1.1.5 Scholarly Writings -- 1.1.6 New Sources of International Law -- Chapter Two The Fundamental Principles of International Environmental Law -- 2.0 Introduction -- 2.1 Fundamental Substantive Principles -- 2.1.1 State Sovereignty -- 2.1.2 "Good Neighborliness" - The Duty to Cooperate -- 2.1.3 The No-Harm Rule -- 2.1.4 Sustainable Development -- 2.1.5 Right to Development -- 2.1.6 Right to a Clean, Healthful Environment -- 2.1.7 Environmental Justice: Intergenerational and Intragenerational Equity -- 2.1.8 Equitable Utilization of Shared Resources -- 2.1.9 Conservation -- 2.1.10 Common Heritage of Humankind - The "Global Commons" -- 2.1.11 Common Concern of Humankind - Erga Omnes -- 2.1.12 Common but Differentiated Responsibilities -- 2.1.13 The Polluter-Pays Principle -- 2.1.14 State Responsibility and Liability -- 2.2 Fundamental Procedural Principles -- 2.2.1 Public Participation -- 2.2.2 Prior Notification, Consultation, and Negotiation Duties -- 2.2.3 The Prevention Principle -- 2.2.4 The Precautionary Principle -- 2.2.5 Duty to Do Environmental Impact Assessment -- 2.2.6 Duty to Adopt Effective National Law - The Duty to Enforce -- 2.2.7 The Integration Principle -- Part Two: Lawmaking -- Chapter Three The Early Years -- 3.0 Introduction -- 3.1 International Agreements -- 3.1.1 Early 20th Century Agreements -- 3.1.2 The 1909 Boundary Waters Treaty -- 3.1.3 Other Agreements -- 3.2 Case Law -- 3.2.1 Bering Sea Fur Seals Arbitration -- 3.2.2 The Trail Smelter Arbitration
3.2.3 The Corfu Channel Case -- 3.2.4 The Lac Lanoux Arbitration -- 3.2.5 The Japanese Fishermen Case -- 3.2.6 The 1958 US Pacific Nuclear Tests -- 3.2.7 Nuclear Tests Cases (Australia v. France and New Zealand v. France) -- 3.2.8 Pollution of Ciudad Juarez -- 3.2.9 The 1969 Gut Dam Case -- 3.2.10 Legality of the Threat or Use of Nuclear Weapons, Advisory Opinion -- 3.2.11 Case Concerning the Gabcikovo - Nagymaros Project -- 3.2.12 The MOX Plant Case (Ireland v. UK) -- 3.2.13 Iron Rhine Railway Arbitration (Belg. v. Neth.) -- 3.2.14 Case Concerning Pulp Mills on the River Uruguay (Argentina v. Uruguay) -- 3.3 Appraisal -- Chapter Four The Next 40 Years: The Evolution of International Environmental Policy from 1972 to the Present -- 4.0 Introduction -- 4.1 The Stockholm Conference and Declaration -- 4.1.1 Analysis -- 4.1.2 Appraisal -- 4.2 The Post-Stockholm Period - The Flowering of UNEP -- 4.2.1 Introduction -- 4.2.2 Environmental Assessment -- 4.2.3 Environmental Management -- 4.2.4 Environmental Law -- 4.2.5 Appraisal -- 4.3 The Rio Conference on Environment and Development -- 4.3.1 Introduction -- 4.3.2 The Rio Declaration on Environment and Development -- 4.3.3 Agenda 21 -- 4.3.4 The Commission on Sustainable Development -- 4.3.5 Appraisal -- 4.4 The Uneven Road from Rio to Rio (1992-2012) -- 4.4.1 The CSD and "Rio+5" -- 4.4.2 UNEP Reforms for the New Century -- 4.4.3 The 2002 Johannesburg World Summit on Sustainable Development -- 4.4.4 "Rio+20" - The Return to Rio -- 4.5 International Environmental Law, Multilateral Environmental Agreements, and International Environmental Governance -- 4.5.1 UNEP and International Environmental Law -- 4.5.2 UNEP and Multilateral Environmental Agreements -- 4.5.3 UNEP and International Environmental Governance -- Chapter Five International Environmental Institutions and Organizations -- 5.0 Introduction
5.1 The United Nations "Family" -- 5.2 International Financial Organizations -- 5.3 Other International IGOS -- 5.4 Regional International IGOS -- 5.5 Nonstate Entities - NGOs and Business Interests -- 5.5.1 International NGOs -- 5.5.2 Multinational Corporations and Other Business Interests -- 5.5.3 Corporate Social Responsibility -- Part Three: The Key Issues -- Chapter Six Environmental Impact Assessment -- 6.0 Introduction -- 6.1 EIA Procedures: The Common Requirements -- 6.2 The Development οf EIA Requirements in International Law -- 6.3 International Financial Institutions' EIA Requirements -- 6.4 The Future οf EIA -- Chapter Seven Energy and the Environment: An International Perspective -- 7.0 Introduction -- 7.1 Energy, Economic Development, and the Environment -- 7.1.1 Energy Availability and Usage and Economic Development -- 7.1.2 Tension Between Energy Generation and Consumption and the Environment -- 7.1.3 Energy and Related Trends -- 7.2 The Evolution of Energy and Environmental Law in an International Context -- 7.3 International Law Related to Energy and the Environment -- 7.3.1 Introduction -- 7.3.2 Nuclear Energy -- 7.3.3 Marine Oil Pollution From Ships -- 7.3.4 Energy Charter Treaty -- 7.4 Looking Ahead -- 7.4.1 Introduction -- 7.4.2 A New Paradigm for Regulating Energy? Global Energy Governance -- 7.5 Conclusion -- Chapter Eight Preservation -- 8.0 Introduction -- 8.1 Preservation Laws Prior to the 1970s -- 8.1.1 The Early Wildlife Laws -- 8.1.2 The Western Hemisphere Conservation Convention -- 8.2 Preservation Efforts - The Stockholm Era: 1972-1992 -- 8.2.1 Ecosystems -- 8.2.2 Natural and Cultural Resources -- 8.2.3 Endangered Species -- 8.2.4 The Global Commons -- 8.3 Preservation Efforts - Rio and the 21st Century -- 8.3.1 The Convention on Biological Diversity -- 8.3.2 Forests -- 8.3.3 Desertification -- 8.4 Conclusion
Chapter Nine International Freshwater Resources -- 9.0 Introduction -- 9.1 Development of Customary International Law -- 9.1.1 The Major Cases -- 9.1.2 The Key "Soft Law" Developments -- 9.2 The 1997 Un Convention оn International Watercourses -- 9.2.1 Adoption of the "Ecosystem" Concept -- 9.2.2 Conflict Between the Principles of "Equitable Utilization" and "No Significant Harm" -- 9.2.3 Pollution Control -- 9.2.4 Other Important Provisions of the International Watercourses Convention -- 9.3 Bilateral, Multilateral, and Regional Regimes of International Freshwater Regulation -- 9.4 Groundwater -- 9.5 Conclusion -- Chapter Ten International Air Pollution -- 10.0 Introduction -- 10.1 Transboundary Air Pollution -- 10.1.1 Introduction -- 10.1.2 Customary International Law Governing Transboundary Air Pollution -- 10.1.3 Regional Treaty and Planning Regimes -- 10.2 Stratospheric Ozone Depletion -- 10.2.1 Introduction -- 10.2.2 The Problem -- 10.2.3 Evidence of Loss -- 10.2.4 Long-Term Consequences -- 10.2.5 Policy Implications -- 10.2.6 Prior to the 1985 Vienna Convention -- 10.2.7 The 1985 Vienna Ozone Convention -- 10.2.8 The 1987 Montreal Protocol and Subsequent Amendments -- 10.2.9 Developments in the United States and the European Union -- 10.2.10 Appraisal and Recommendations -- 10.3 Global Climate Change -- 10.3.1 Introduction -- 10.3.2 The "Greenhouse" Effect -- 10.3.3 Preventive Strategies and Problems -- 10.3.4 The Framework Convention on Climate Change -- 10.3.5 The Kyoto Protocol -- 10.3.6 Negotiating the Implementation of Kyoto 1998-2005 -- 10.3.7 An Assessment of the Kyoto Protocol -- 10.3.8 Developing a Post-Kyoto Framework -- Chapter Eleven The Marine Environment -- 11.0 Introduction -- 11.1 Framework of the Convention -- 11.2 Contribution of the Convention to International Environmental Law -- 11.2.1 Environmental Assessment Provisions
11.2.2 Law-Making and Law Enforcement Provisions -- 11.2.3 Special Status of Developing States -- 11.2.4 Protection of Living Resources -- 11.2.5 Dispute Settlement Provisions -- 11.2.6 The Relationship of the Convention and Customary Law -- 11.2.7 Appraisal -- 11.3 Regional and International Conventions -- 11.3.1 Regional Conventions -- 11.3.2 International Conventions and Actions -- 11.4 International Tribunal for the Law of the Sea -- 11.5 Conclusion -- Chapter Twelve Hazardous Waste, Chemicals, and Technology -- 12.0 Introduction -- 12.1 The International Environmental Laws Governing Hazardous Waste -- 12.1.1 Developments Leading up to the Basel Convention -- 12.1.2 The Basel Convention -- 12.1.3 Post-Basel Developments: The "Banners" vs. the "Boosters" of Hazardous Waste Trade -- 12.2 International Controls on Chemicals -- 12.2.1 Introduction -- 12.2.2 The Beginnings: Voluntary International Chemical Control Efforts -- 12.2.3 The Recent Development of Binding Chemical Treaties -- 12.3 International Controls on Hazardous Technologies, Industries, and Activities -- 12.4 Conclusion -- Chapter Thirteen Biotechnology in Food and the Biosafety Protocol -- 13.0 Introduction -- 13.1 Background -- 13.1.1 The Process -- 13.1.2 The Controversy -- 13.2 Regulation of Genetically-Modified Foods - The Key Concepts -- 13.2.1 The Precautionary Principle -- 13.2.2 Substantial Equivalence -- 13.2.3 Generally Recognized as Safe (GRAS) -- 13.2.4 The Consumer's Right to Know -- 13.3 International Standards for Genetically Modified Foods - The Codex Alimentarius Commission -- 13.4 Efforts to Regulate GMOs -- 13.4.1 The European Union -- 13.4.2 The United States -- 13.5 Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity -- 13.5.1 Events Leading Up to the Biosafety Protocol -- 13.5.2 Content and Analysis -- 13.5.3 Appraisal
Chapter Fourteen International Trade and the Environment
International Environmental Law & Policy for the 21st Century, 2nd Revised Edition, provides a fresh, comprehensive, and in-depth analysis of the immense and challenging field of IEL, perfect for the needs of students, scholars, professionals, NGOs, and lay readers alike
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Nanda, Ved International Environmental Law and Policy for the 21st Century : 2nd Revised Edition Leiden : BRILL,c2012 9789004242869
Subject Environmental law, International.;Environmental policy
Electronic books
Alt Author Pring, George (Rock)
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