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Author Clark, A. Kim
Title Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador : Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895-1950
Imprint Pittsburgh PA : University of Pittsburgh Press, 2012
book jacket
Descript 1 online resource (270 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
Series Pitt Latin American Ser
Pitt Latin American Ser
Note Intro -- Contents -- Acknowledgments -- 1. Gendered Experiences and State Formation in Highland Ecuador -- 2. Gender, Class, and State in Child Protection Programs in Quito -- 3. Governing Sexuality and Disease -- 4. Midwifery, Morality, and the State -- 5. The Transformation of Ecuadorian Nursing -- Conclusion -- Notes -- Bibliography -- Index
In 1921 Matilde Hidalgo became the first woman physician to graduate from the Universidad Central in Quito, Ecuador. Hidalgo was also the first woman to vote in a national election and the first to hold public office. Author Kim Clark relates the stories of Matilde Hidalgo and other women who successfully challenged newly instituted Ecuadorian state programs in the wake of the Liberal Revolution of 1895. New laws, while they did not specifically outline women's rights, left loopholes wherein women could contest entry into education systems and certain professions and vote in elections. As Clark demonstrates, many of those who seized these opportunities were unattached women who were socially and economically disenfranchised. Political and social changes during the liberal period drew new groups into the workforce. Women found novel opportunities to pursue professions where they did not compete directly with men. Training women for work meant expanding secular education systems and normal schools. Healthcare initiatives were also introduced that employed and targeted women to reduce infant mortality, eradicate venereal diseases, and regulate prostitution. Many of these state programs attempted to control women's behavior under the guise of morality and honor. Yet highland Ecuadorian women used them to better their lives and to gain professional training, health care, employment, and political rights. As they engaged state programs and used them for their own purposes, these women became modernizers and agents of change, winning freedoms for themselves and future generations
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
Link Print version: Clark, A. Kim Gender, State, and Medicine in Highland Ecuador : Modernizing Women, Modernizing the State, 1895-1950 Pittsburgh PA : University of Pittsburgh Press,c2012 9780822962090
Subject Medical education -- Ecuador -- History -- 20th century.;Medical education.;Women -- Ecuador -- Social conditions -- 20th century.;Women -- Government policy -- Ecuador -- History -- 20th century.;Women's health services -- Ecuador -- History -- 20th century.;Women's rights -- Ecuador -- History -- 20th century
Electronic books
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