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Author Messerlin, Patrick A
Title Measuring the costs of protection in Europe : European commercial policy in the 2000s / Patrick A. Messerlin
Imprint Washington, DC : Institute for International Economics, 2001
book jacket
 Euro-Am Studies Lib  382.7094 M5633 2001    AVAILABLE    30500101053075
Descript xv, 408 pages ; 23 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Note "September 2001."
Includes bibliographical references (pages 371-387) and index
1 Political Stresses, Legal Constraints, and Old-Fashioned Economic Views 1 -- High "Political Content" of EC Trade Policy 2 -- A Treaty-Based Trade Policy 4 -- "Statist" Bias in the TEC 8 -- "Why Did the Dog Fail to Bark?" 17 -- I Measuring the Level and Costs of EC Protection during the 1990s -- 2 Level and Evolution of EC Overall Protection in the 1990s 21 -- EC Tariff Protection Between 1990 and 2000 25 -- EC "Overall" Protection Between 1990 and 2000 29 -- 3 Costs of Protection in the European Community 39 -- Twenty-two Highly Protected EC Sectors: A Presentation 42 -- Costs of Protection: The Perfect-Competition Case 48 -- Costs of Protection: The Imperfect-Competition Case 56 -- Variations on Three Important Related Issues 61 -- II EC Trade and Commercial Policy in the 2000s: Constraints and Dynamic Forces -- 4 Dynamics of EC Trade Policy 73 -- Agriculture: An Incredibly Slow Liberalization Process 75 -- Manufacturing: Old Peaks of Protection, New Instruments 98 -- Technical Regulations: Toward a "New" Protectionism? 103 -- Ongoing Deep Changes in the EC Economies? 121 -- 5 Emerging EC Commercial Policy 133 -- EC SMP in Services: In Need of a WTO Boost 139 -- Trade and Labor Issues 162 -- Competition Policy: Market Power and Subsidies 169 -- Public Procurement: Such a Big Deal? 183 -- TRIPS and Investment Issues 187 -- 6 EC Addiction to Discrimination: Toward a Slow Ebb? 197 -- EC Nonreciprocal Discrimination: ACP Conventions and the GSP Scheme 201 -- EC Reciprocal Discrimination: Central European, Mediterranean, and Balkan "Spaghetti Bowls" 210 -- EC Discriminatory Trade Policy in the 2000s: The End of the Road? 228 -- Regionalism versus Multilateralism: The Dispute Settlement Dimension 238 -- 7 European Political Union and EC Commercial Policy 249 -- Europa in the Kingdom of Lilliput 251 -- Toward a "Federal" European Union? 254 -- Or Toward a Fully-Fledged--Political and Economic--European Community? 256 -- Impact of the Type of Political Union on EC Commercial Policy 259 -- Appendix B EC Contingent Protection: Antidumping and Other Trade Instruments 347 -- Appendix C Models 365
"Trade protection costs the European Community between 6 and 7 percent of its gross domestic product, or the equivalent of the annual economic output of Spain. Continuing the Institute's series on trade protection in major countries (which already includes the United States, Japan, Korea, and China), this study by Patrick A. Messerlin is the first attempt to measure the impact of all types of protection in the European Union." "Messerlin uses partial equilibrium methods to assess the costs to consumers and to evaluate the political economy of European protection. He also examines in detail the intricate relations between the major EC domestic policies -- from the Common Agricultural Policy to the Single Market in services -- and EC commercial policy. He aims to assess their dynamic evolution for the decade to come, which will be marked by the first accessions of Central European countries to the EC and by the debate on the European political union. The study provides a valuable agenda for the upcoming round of WTO negotiations and underlines their role as a support for domestic reforms that the EC should undertake for its own benefit. Book jacket."--BOOK JACKET
Subject Protectionism -- Europe -- Case studies
Non-tariff trade barriers -- Europe -- Case studies
Tariff -- Europe -- Case studies
European Economic Community countries -- Commercial policy -- Case studies
European Union countries -- Commercial policy -- Case studies
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