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050  4 K3585.5 -- .C78 2010eb 
082 0  344.046342 
100 1  Koh, Kheng Lian 
245 10 Crucial Issues In Climate Change And The Kyoto Protocol :
       |bAsia and the World 
264  1 Singapore :|bWorld Scientific Publishing Company,|c2009 
264  4 |c©2009 
300    1 online resource (597 pages) 
336    text|btxt|2rdacontent 
337    computer|bc|2rdamedia 
338    online resource|bcr|2rdacarrier 
505 0  Intro -- CONTENTS -- Foreword -- Preface -- Contributors -
       - Theme I Setting the Stage -- 1 Climate Disruption: 
       Remaking the Agenda of MEAs in Asia and the World Nicholas
       A. Robinson -- 1. The Gathering "Storm" -- 2. Responding 
       to Climate Disruption -- 3. The Lagging Pace of 
       International Law-Making -- 4. Precaution and the Scale of
       Responding to Climate Change -- 5. Legal Precedents for 
       More Effective Climate Change Regimes -- 6. Institutional 
       Dysfunctionality -- 7. Epilogue -- 2 Reframing Global 
       Warming: Toward a Strategic National Planning Framework 
       Scott Victor Valentine -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The 
       Emergence of Consensus on Climate Change -- 3. Climate 
       Change as an Opportunity? -- 3.1. Climate Change as an 
       Opportunity -- 4. Why Singapore? -- 5. Economic and 
       Political Realties in Singapore -- 6. Four National 
       Strengths Related to Alternative Energy -- 7. Leveraging 
       National Strengths for Market Development -- 8. Questions,
       Suppositions and Lessons -- 9. A Corporate Perspective on 
       Exploiting Strengths -- 10. Demonstrating Relevance -- 11.
       Concluding Thoughts -- References -- 3 Climate Change - 
       Living in the Anthropocene Jeff Obbard -- The Earth-
       Atmospheric System and Climate Change -- The Impacts of 
       Climate Change -- The Climate Change Puzzle -- The Global 
       Carbon Cycle -- Carbon and the Gaia Hypothesis -- The 
       Biosphere and Climate Change -- Feedback Mechanisms and 
       Climate Change -- Stabilizing the Climate -- Conclusion --
       References -- Theme II Clean Development Mechansim (CDM) -
       - 4 An Overview of the Clean Development Mechanism in 
       Southeast Asia Jolene Lin -- 1. Introduction -- 2. 
       Introduction to Southeast Asia and ASEAN -- 2.1. Southeast
       Asia -- 2.2. ASEAN7 -- 3. The Clean Development Mechanism 
       in Southeast Asia -- 3.1. The global context -- 3.2. 
       Renewable energy -- 3.3. Domestic factors -- 4. Regional 
       Cooperation Within ASEAN 
505 8  5. The Role of Singapore -- 5.1. Singapore as an 
       environmental financing hub -- 6. Conclusion -- 5 CDM in 
       China Yang Xing and Wang Xi -- Introduction -- 1. The 
       Implementation of CDM in China -- 1.1. Regulations of CDM 
       in China -- 1.1.1. General provisions -- 1.1.2. Permission
       requirements -- 1.1.3. Institutional arrangement for 
       project management and implementation -- 1.1.4. Project 
       procedures -- 1.1.5. Other provisions -- 1.2. National 
       project management institutions of CDM in China -- 1.2.1. 
       National climate change coordination committee 
       (hereinafter referred to as "the Committee") -- 1.2.2. 
       National CDM Board (hereinafter referred to as "the Board"
       ) -- 1.2.3. National authority for CDM -- 1.3. CDM 
       projects in China -- 1.4. Provincial CDM service 
       institutions in China -- 1.5. Other legal instruments 
       concerning CDM -- 2. Examples of CDM Projects in China -- 
       2.1. Meizhou landfills gas recovery and utilization as 
       energy -- 2.1.1. Project participants -- 2.1.2. A brief 
       description of the project -- 2.2. HFC23 decomposition 
       project of Zhejiang Juhua Co., Ltd. -- 2.2.1. Project 
       participants -- 2.2.2. A brief description of the project 
       -- 2.3. Fujian Zhangpu Liuao 30.6 MW Wind power project --
       2.3.1. Project participants -- 2.3.2. A brief description 
       of the project -- 2.4. Liaoning Zhangwu 24.65 MW Wind-farm
       project -- 2.4.1. Project participants -- 2.4.2. A brief 
       description of the project -- 3. Conclusion -- 6 Empirical
       Considerations in the Development of CDM Projects in Asia 
       William I.Y. Byun and Felix H.C. Chan -- 1. A Market Based
       Climate Change Framework -- 2. Considerations for 
       Structuring Market Growth -- 3. "Feedback Signals" -- 4. 
       Scoreboard -- 5. Growth of Corporate Participation -- 6. 
       Towards a Commercial Market -- 7. Potential Bottlenecks? -
       - 8. For a Continual Market Development -- 9. Post-Kyoto 
       Mobilization -- 10. A Broader Accommodation 
505 8  11. A Volume Approach? -- 7 Making Markets Work - A Review
       of CDM Performance and the Need for Reform Charlotte 
       Streck and Jolene Lin -- Introduction -- 1. Setting the 
       Context -- 1.1. The Kyoto Protocol mechanisms -- 1.2. The 
       CDM's conceptual origins -- 2. The CDM Regulatory 
       Framework -- 2.1. The CDM project cycle -- 2.2. Entities 
       involved in the CDM -- 2.2.1. The COP/MOP -- 2.2.2. The 
       CDM executive board -- 2.2.3. Panels/working groups/teams 
       -- 2.2.4. The UNFCCC secretariat -- 2.2.5. Designated 
       operational entities (DOEs) -- 2.2.6. Designated national 
       authorities -- 2.2.7. Project participants -- 3. CDM 
       Market Regulation -- 3.1. A snapshot: The CDM and the 
       carbon market -- 3.2. The EB as regulator -- 3.3. The EB 
       in operation: An analysis -- 3.3.1. Independency -- 3.3.2.
       Transparency -- 3.3.3. Efficiency -- 3.3.4. Predictability
       and certainty -- 3.3.5. Review -- 4. Comparative Analysis 
       -- 4.1. The UN Security Council and its targeted sanctions
       -- 4.2. The global anti-doping regime -- 5. Models for 
       International Review Mechanisms -- 5.1. World Bank 
       Inspection Panel -- 5.2. The European Ombudsman -- 6. 
       Lessons Learned for the CDM -- 6.1. Adoption of due 
       process rules -- 6.1.1. Administrative rules and 
       procedures -- 6.1.2. Establishment of a focal point -- 
       6.1.3. Compiling CDM rules -- 6.2. Reform of the executive
       board and its panels -- 6.2.1. Professionalizing the EB --
       6.2.2. Funding and hiring of sufficient support staff -- 
       6.3. Establishment of a review mechanism -- 6.3.1. Design 
       features of a CDM review and appeal mechanism -- 7. 
       Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- Theme III Emissions 
       Trading in the European Union and Asia -- 8 Regional 
       Framework: The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme - 
       Past, Present and Future Kurt Deketelaere and Marijke 
       Schurmans -- Introduction -- 1. Introduction to the 
       Current European Union GHG Emission Trading Scheme 
505 8  1.1. Background: The UNFCCC and the Kyoto Protocol -- 
       1.1.1. International Emission Trading (IET): Allowance-
       based transaction -- 1.1.2. Joint Implementation (JI): 
       Project based-transaction between an Annex I-Party and 
       another Annex I-Party -- 1.1.3. Clean Development 
       Mechanism (CDM): Project based-transaction between an 
       Annex I-Party and a non Annex I-Party -- 1.2. The EU 
       greenhouse gas emission trading scheme: Current situation 
       and legislation -- 1.2.1. The European Climate Change 
       Programme (ECCP) -- 1.2.2. The EU Directive 2003/87/EC: 
       The establishment of a Community-wide greenhouse gas 
       emission allowance trading scheme -- 1.2.3. The EU 
       Regulation of 21 December 2004: Community Independent 
       Transaction Log (CITL) -- 1.2.4. The EU Linking Directive 
       2004/101/EC -- 2. Review of the European Union GHG 
       Emission Trading Scheme -- 2.1. General -- 2.2. EU Spring 
       Council 8/9 March 2007 -- 2.3. The aviation proposal -- 
       2.3.1. Context of the proposal -- 2.3.2. Legal elements of
       the proposal -- 2.3.3. Evaluation -- 2.4. The maritime 
       sector under EU ETS… -- 2.5. The EU ETS global revision…
       -- 2.5.1. General -- 2.5.2. The scope of the Directive -- 
       2.5.3. Further harmonisation and increased predictability 
       136 -- 2.5.4. Robust compliance and enforcement -- 2.5.5. 
       Linking with emissions trading schemes in third countries,
       and appropriate means to involve developing countries and 
       countries in economic transition138 -- 2.5.6. 
       Institutional and procedural aspects -- 2.5.7. The 
       relationship between the EU ETS and other market-based 
       regulatory instruments -- 2.5.8. Meetings -- 9 Trends in 
       Carbon Trading: Practical Lessons Andrew Beatty and Evan 
       Williams -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Current Trends in the 
       Carbon Market -- 2.1. State of the Global Carbon Market --
       2.2. State of the carbon market in Asia -- 2.3. Players in
       the carbon market -- 3. Types of Carbon Transactions 
505 8  3.1. Forward sales from emissions reduction projects -- 
       3.2. Acquisitions of carbon portfolios -- 3.3. Spot trades
       -- 4. Country Risk -- 4.1. Legal and policy treatment of 
       carbon credits -- 4.2. Foreign investment rules -- 4.3. 
       CDM infrastructure -- 4.4. Domestic regulations specific 
       to carbon credit projects -- 4.5. The impact of domestic 
       regulations on the assessment of additionality -- 5. 
       Contractual Risk -- 5.1. Defining the assets and rights 
       being traded -- 5.2. Delivery risk -- 5.3. Dispute 
       resolution -- 5.4. Environmental risk -- 5.5. Market price
       risk -- 6. Future Developments -- Glossary -- Schedule 1: 
       CDM Project Cycle67 -- Schedule 2: Case Study - Domestic 
       Regulation of CDM Projects in the PRC -- Project Owners 
       Must be PRC Controlled -- Foreign Buyer Must Agree to 
       Purchase All of the CERs -- The Imposition of a Floor 
       Price for CERs -- The PRC Government Takes a Share of the 
       CER Revenues -- NDRC Ruling on Consultancy Fees -- Theme 
       IV Effective Implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Asia 
       -- 10 Singapore's National Climate Change Strategy K. 
       Suresh -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Greenhouse Gas Emissions -
       - 3. Mitigation, Public Awareness and Competency Building 
       Strategies and Programmes -- 4. Clean Development 
       Mechanism -- 5. Vulnerability and Adaptation -- 6. 
       Conclusion -- 11 Japan: Achieving Its Kyoto Target Hiroji 
       Isozaki -- Current Status of the Debate on a Post-Kyoto 
       Framework - Overview of the Main Actors' Positions on a 
       Post-Kyoto Framework -- Proposal for a Post-Kyoto 
       Framework - Commitment and Action Plan -- Structural 
       Problems of the Kyoto Protocol -- 1. Reduction Targets for
       Japan under the Kyoto Protocol -- 2. GHG emissions from 
       Japan -- 3. Measures Decided by the Japanese Government to
       be Taken for the Kyoto Protocol -- 4. The Kyoto Protocol 
       Target Achievement Plan, 2005 -- 5. Additional Measures 
       Taken 
505 8  6. Measures under the Kyoto Mechanisms 
520    Crucial Issues in Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol: 
       Asia and the World focuses on responses to climate change 
       in the world's most populous region. This book provides 
       the most comprehensive insight to the climate change 
       discourse within Asia to date by drawing on the diverse 
       disciplines and experience of legal practitioners, climate
       change consultants, government officials and academics. 
       Individual chapters address issues such as how the various
       Asian countries - highly disparate in their cultures, 
       socio-economic conditions and political systems - are 
       responding to climate change, the challenges of mitigating
       and adapting to climate change, and the effective 
       implementation of the Kyoto Protocol in Asia. Sample 
       Chapter(s). Foreword (37 KB). Chapter 1: Climate 
       Disruption: Remaking the Agenda of Meas in Asia and the 
       World (138 KB). Contents: Setting the Stage: Climate 
       Disruption: Remaking the Agenda of MEAs in Asia and the 
       World (N A Robinson); Reframing Global Warming: Toward a 
       Strategic National Planning Framework (S V Valentine); 
       Climate Change - Living in the Anthropocene (J Obbard); 
       Clean Development Mechanism (CDM): An Overview of the 
       Clean Development Mechanism in Southeast Asia (J Lin); CDM
       in China (X Yang & X Wang); Empirial Considerations in the
       Development of CDM Projects in Asia (W I Y Byun & F H C 
       Chan); Making Markets Work - A Review of CDM Performance 
       and the Need for Reform (C Streck & J Lin); Emissions 
       Trading in the European Union and Asia: Regional Framework
       : The European Union Emissions Trading Scheme - Past, 
       Present and Future (K Deketelaere & M Schurmans); Trends 
       in Carbon Trading: Practical Lessons (A Beatty & E 
       Williams); Effective Implementation of the Kyoto in Asia: 
       Singapore's National Climate Change Strategy (K Suresh); 
       Japan: Achieving Its Kyoto Target (H Isozaki); Compliance 
       Under the Kyoto Protocol and Its 
520 8  Implications for the Asian Region (M S Manguiat); Climate 
       Change as a Threat to Peace & Security: Glacial Melting & 
       Human Security in the Himalayas (K Khoday); The Kyoto 
       Protocol and Beyond: A South Asian Perspective (A 
       Gunawansa); Beyond Kyoto: Climate Change Including a 
       Discussion of the AP6 Initiative from the Australian 
       Perspective (M I Jeffery); Protecting Forests to Mitigate 
       Global Climate Change (C streck). Readership: 
       Environmental lawyers, policy makers, practitioners in CDM,
       tertiary students in environmental sciences 
588    Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other
       sources 
590    Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest 
       Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access 
       may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated 
       libraries 
650  0 United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change -- 
       (1992). -- Protocols, etc. -- 1997 Dec. 11.;Climatic 
       changes -- Law and legislation.;Greenhouse gases -- Law 
       and legislation.;Environmental law, 
       International.;Greenhouse gases -- Law and legislation -- 
       Asia.;Climatic changes -- Law and legislation -- Asia 
655  4 Electronic books 
700 1  Lye, Irene Lin-heng 
700 1  Lin, Jolene 
776 08 |iPrint version:|aKoh, Kheng Lian|tCrucial Issues In 
       Climate Change And The Kyoto Protocol: Asia And The World
       |dSingapore : World Scientific Publishing Company,c2009
       |z9789814277525 
856 40 |uhttps://ebookcentral.proquest.com/lib/sinciatw/
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