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Author Low, Michael Christopher, author
Title Imperial Mecca : Ottoman Arabia and the Indian Ocean hajj / Michael Christopher Low
Imprint New York : Columbia University Press, [2020]
book jacket
 Fu Ssu-Nien WTN LANG BK  BP187.3 L912 2020    AVAILABLE    30530001373067
Descript xx, 392 pages : illustrations, maps ; 24 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Series Columbia studies in international and global history
Columbia studies in international and global history
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Introduction : Between Two Worlds : An Ottoman Island Adrift on a Colonial Ocean -- Blurred Vision : The Hijaz and the Hajj in the Colonial Imagination -- Legal Imperialism : Foreign Muslims and Muslim Consuls -- Microbial Mecca and the Global Crisis of Cholera -- Bedouins and Broken Pipes -- Passports and Tickets -- The Camel and the Rail -- Epilogue : Legacies and Afterlives
"With the advent of the steamship, repeated outbreaks of cholera marked oceanic pilgrimages to Mecca as a dangerous form of travel and a vehicle for the globalization of epidemic diseases. European, especially British Indian, officials also feared that lengthy sojourns in Arabia might expose their Muslim subjects to radicalizing influences from anticolonial dissidents and pan-Islamic activists. European colonial empires' newfound ability to set the terms of hajj travel not only affected the lives of millions of pilgrims but also dramatically challenged the Ottoman Empire, the world's only remaining Muslim imperial power. Michael Christopher Low analyzes the late Ottoman hajj and Hijaz region as transimperial spaces, reshaped by the competing forces of Istanbul's project of frontier modernization and the extraterritorial reach of British India's steamship empire in the Indian Ocean and Red Sea. Imperial Mecca recasts Ottoman Arabia as a distant, unstable semi-autonomous frontier that Istanbul struggled to modernize and defend against the onslaught of colonial steamship mobility. As it turned out, steamships carried not just pilgrims, passports, and microbes, but also the specter of legal imperialism and colonial intervention. Over the course of roughly a half century, from the 1850s through World War I, British India's fear of the hajj as a vector of anticolonial subversion gradually gave way to an increasingly sophisticated administrative, legal, and medical protectorate over the steamship hajj, threatening to eclipse the Ottoman state and Caliphate's prized legitimizing claim as protector of Islam's most holy places. Drawing on a wide range of Ottoman and British archival sources, this book sheds new light on the transimperial and global histories traversed along the pilgrimage to Mecca"-- Provided by publisher
Subject Muslim pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Saudi Arabia -- Mecca
Muslim pilgrims and pilgrimages -- Indian Ocean Region
Hejaz (Saudi Arabia) -- History
Great Britain -- Relations -- Saudi Arabia
Saudi Arabia -- Relations -- Great Britain
Great Britain -- Foreign relations -- Turkey
Turkey -- Foreign relations -- Great Britain
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