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Author Hornback, Robert, author
Title Racism and early blackface comic traditions : from the old world to the new / Robert Hornback
Imprint Cham, Switzerland : Palgrave Macmillan, [2018]
book jacket
 Fu Ssu-Nien WTN LANG BK  PN2071.B58 H814 2018    AVAILABLE    30530001338235
Descript xiv, 324 pages : illustrations ; 22 cm
text txt rdacontent
still image sti rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Series Palgrave studies in theatre and performance history
Palgrave studies in theatre and performance history
Note Includes bibliographical references and index
Introduction : recovering the contexts of early modern proto-racism -- Harlequin as theatergram : transmitting the timeworn black mask, ancient to antebellum -- Beyond good and evil symbolism : allegories and metaphysics of blackfaced folly from Augustine to Fanon -- From allegorical type and sartorial satire to minstrel dandy stereotype, Zip Coon, Jim Crow, and blackface-on-black violence -- Sambo dialects : defining national language boundaries via early representations of stereotypically black speech -- Blackface in Shakespeare : challenging racial allegories of folly and speech--Cleopatra, Caliban, Othello -- Shakespeare in blackface : black Shakespeareans versus minstrel burlesques, 1821-1844, or Othello versus Otello -- Conclusion : a new theory of pre-modern or proto-racism -- Afterword : white nationalism, trolling humor as propaganda, and the "renaissance" of Christian racism in the age of Trump
"This book traces blackface types from ancient masks of grinning Africans and phallus-bearing Roman fools through to comedic medieval devils, the pan-European black-masked Titivillus and Harlequin, and racial impersonation via stereotypical 'black speech' explored in the Renaissance by Lope de Vega and Shakespeare. Jim Crow and antebellum minstrelsy recycled Old World blackface stereotypes of irrationality, ignorance, pride, and immorality. Drawing upon biblical interpretations and philosophy, comic types from moral allegory originated supposedly modern racial stereotypes. Early blackface traditions thus spread damning race-belief that black people were less rational, hence less moral and less human. Such notions furthered the global Renaissance's intertwined Atlantic slave and sugar trades and early nationalist movements. The latter featured overlapping definitions of race and nation, as well as of purity of blood, language, and religion in opposition to 'Strangers'. Ultimately, Old World beliefs still animate supposed 'biological racism' and so-called 'white nationalism' in the age of Trump"-- Provided by publisher
Subject Theater -- Europe -- History
Racism -- Europe -- History
Blackface entertainers -- Europe -- History
Race in the theater
Blackface entertainers -- History
Stereotypes (Social psychology) in the performing arts
Theater -- History
Racism -- History
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