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Author Pickering, Stephanie
Title Forgiveness in children: Individual factors and social outcomes
book jacket
Descript 213 p
Note Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-05, Section: B, page: 3408
Adviser: Beverly J. Wilson
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Seattle Pacific University, 2007
This study investigated individual factors and social outcomes in forgiveness between peers in first grade children. Utilizing McCullough and colleagues (1998) Psycho-Social Model of forgiveness, 102 children rated their aggressive, avoidant, and prosocial motivations in response to vignettes and an actual recalled event. Additionally, peers, teachers, and parents rated children's forgiveness. Results showed mixed support for a new measure of forgiveness in young children. Peer ratings of forgiveness significantly predicted social preference and number of reciprocal friendships. Teacher report of forgiveness also predicted number of reciprocal friendships. Multiple measures of forgiveness predicted teacher report of social problems. Parent report of forgiveness predicted teacher report of social problems. Multiple measures of forgiveness predicted multiple measures of aggression. Peer report of forgiveness and grudge-holding, and teacher report of forgiveness showed gender differences, such that girls were more forgiving than boys. Finally, children's shame-proneness predicted forgiveness motivations, whereas guilt proneness did not show any relationship to children's forgiveness. When grouping children into Forbearing, Forgiving, and Grudge-Holding, only 9% of the sample fell into the latter group. Forbearing and Forgiving children were significantly less aggressive and had fewer social problems. These groups did not show significant differences in social preference or reciprocal friendships. Implications of these findings are discussed
School code: 1043
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 68-05B
Subject Psychology, Social
Psychology, Developmental
Psychology, Clinical
Alt Author Seattle Pacific University
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