Record:   Prev Next
Author Hultman, Lisa, author
Title Peacekeeping in the midst of war / Lisa Hultman, Jacob D. Kathman, Megan Shannon
Imprint Oxford, United Kingdom ; New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2019
book jacket
 人文社會聯圖  JZ6374 .H85 2019    AVAILABLE    30650020095507
Edition First edition
Descript xv, 236 pages : illustrations, map ; 24 cm
text txt rdacontent
still image sti rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
Note Includes bibliographical references (pages 207-231) and index
"Civil wars have caused tremendous human suffering in the last century, and the United Nations is often asked to send peacekeepers to stop ongoing violence. Yet despite being the most visible tool of international intervention, policymakers and scholars have little systematic knowledge about how well peacekeeping works. Peacekeeping in the Midst of War offers the most comprehensive analyses of peacekeeping on civil war violence to date. With unique data on different types of violence in civil wars around the world, Peacekeeping in the Midst of War offers a rigorous understanding of UN intervention by analysing both wars with and without UN peacekeeping efforts. It also directly measures the strength of UN missions in personnel capacity and constitution. Using large-n quantitative analyses, the book finds that UN peacekeeping missions with appropriately constituted force capacities mitigate violence in civil wars. The authors conclude by analyzing the broader context of UN intervention effectiveness, and conclude that peacekeeping is a more generally effective way to reduce the human suffering associated with civil war"-- Jacket
1. Peacekeeping and the Problem of Civil War, p.1 -- The Scope of the Problem, p.4 -- A scourge of civil conflicts, p.5 -- The cost of civil conflict, p.7 -- Confronting the Problem of Civil War Hostilities: United Nations Peacekeeping, p.11 -- Is UN peacekeeping, effective? Limitations in studying peacekeeping effectiveness, p.13 -- Designing Research to Better Understand UN Peacekeeping Effectiveness, p.16 -- Why Should We Care?, p.21 -- Outline of the Book, p.23 -- 2. Measuring Peacekeeping Effectiveness, p.25 -- Positive and Negative Conceptualizations of Peace, p.26 -- Absolutist Conceptions of Peacekeeping Success and Failure, p.28 -- Weaknesses of the Absolutist Approach, p.32 -- What Are Peacekeepers Expected to Achieve?, p.32 -- Intervening during active conflicts, p.33 -- Increasing number of robust mandates, p.36 -- Reducing violence by armed actors, p.38 -- Protecting civilians, p.40 -- Redefining Peacekeeping Success, p.42 -- 3. Mechanisms of Peacekeeping Effectiveness, p.25 -- A Theoretical Connection between UN Peacekeeping and Violence Mitigation, p.46 -- Incomplete information and civil war violence, p.47 -- Commitment problems and civil war violence, p.48 -- Incomplete information, commitment problems, and peacekeeping, p.49 -- Activities of UN Peacekeepers, p.53 -- Separating combatants and maintaining buffer zones, p.53 -- Disarming and providing security to combatants, p.55 -- Demobilizing and reintegrating combatants, p.56 -- Verifying compliance, p.57 -- Policing behind the frontlines, p.58 -- Characteristics of Effective Peacekeeping Missions: Capacity and Constitution, p.59 -- Capacity of UN missions61 Constitution of UN missions, p.68 -- Capacity, constitution, and the mitigation of violence, p.71 -- Conclusion, p.73 -- 4. Reducing Battlefield Violence, p.75 -- Impeding Violence on the Battlefield, p.76 -- Ability to stop battlefield violence: The importance of mission capacity and constitution, p.78 -- Activity for stopping battlefield violence: Separating combatants, p.78 -- Activities for stopping battlefield violence: Disarming, demobilizing, and providing security to combatants, p.80 -- Activity for reducing battlefield violence: Verifying compliance, p.83 -- Other peacekeeping activities: Patrolling the civilian population and monitoring conflict processes with observers, p.84 -- Testable research expectation, p.85 -- Research Design: Analyzing the Influence of Peacekeeping on Battlefield Deaths, p.85 -- Dependent variable: Battle-related violence, p.86 -- Primary independent variables: Peacekeeping mission capacity and constitution, p.87 -- Control variables, p.89 -- Model90 Results and Analysis: The Effect of Peacekeeping on Battlefield Violence, p.91 -- United Nations observers and violence in civil conflicts, p.94 -- Checking robustness and testing alternative explanations of UN peacekeeping effectiveness, p.95 -- Underreporting and the UCDP data, p.99 -- Conclusion, p.100 -- 5. Reducing Violence against Civilians, p.102 -- Impeding Violence against Civilians, p.104 -- Civilian victimization as a tool for gaining power, p.105 -- Civilian victimization as a tool for signaling resolve, p.106 -- Ability to protect civilians: The importance of mission capacity, p.107 -- Ability to protect civilians: The importance of UN troopcapacity, p.109 -- Ability to protect civilians: The importance of UN policecapacity, p.111 -- Other peacekeeping functions: Monitoring conflict processes with UN observers, p.114 -- Research Design: Analyzing the Influence of Peacekeeping on One-Sided Violence, p.115 -- Dependent variable: One-sided violence against civilians, p.118 -- Primary independent variables: Peacekeeping mission capacity and constitution, p.119 -- Control variables, p.119 -- Modd, p.121 -- Results and Analysis: The Effect of Peacekeeping on One-Sided Violence, p.121 -- Extending the analyses Discussion and Conclusion, p.129 -- 6. Successes and Failures in Cote d’Ivoire and the Democratic Republic of Congo, p.132 -- Cote d’Ivoire, p.133 -- Introduction: Conflict and peacekeeping in Cote d’Ivoire, p.133 -- First phase of UNOCI, 2004: Building capacity and enhancing security, p.135 -- Second phase of UNOCI, 2005-2010: Increased stability with lingering tensions, p.137 -- Third phase of UNOCI, 2010-2011: Election violence and transition of power, p.140 -- Fourth phase of UNOCI, 2012-2017: Protection of civilians and transition to peace, p.141 -- Analysis: Capacity, constitution, and UNOCI’s effectiveness in violence mitigation, p.143 -- Challenge to peacekeeping in Cote d’Ivoire: Mismatch between mandate and capacity, p.146 -- Limitation of peacekeeping in Cote d’Ivoire: Lack of confidence in the DDR process, p.147 -- Summary of Cote d’Ivoire, p.148 -- The Democratic Republic of the Congo, p.148 -- Introduction: Conflict and Peacekeeping in the Democratic Republic of Congo, p.148 -- First phase of MONUC, 1999-2003: Low capacity and weak constitution, 151 -- Second phase of MONUC, 2003-2006: Growing capacity, changing constitution, and continued violence, p.151 -- Third phase of MONUC, 2007-2010: Steady capacity and supporting the government, p.154 -- Fourth phase, 2010-2019: Change to the stabilization mission of MONUSCO and development of the Intervention Brigade, p.155 -- Analysis: Capacity, constitution, and effectiveness in violence mitigation in the DRC, p.158 -- Challenge to peacekeeping in the DRC: Lack of capacity in the UN missions, p.162 -- Limitation of peacekeeping in the DRC: Severe commitment problems, p.163 -- Limitation of peacekeeping in the DRC: Lack of government cooperation, p.165 -- Summary of the DRC166 Lessons from Two Challenging Cases, p.167 -- 7. Saving Humanity from Hell?, p.169 -- Contribution of this Book, p.170 -- Popular accounts of peacekeeping tend to find failure, p.170 -- A more systematic exploration of peacekeeping effectiveness, p.172 -- Widening the Lens: The Potential Detriments of Peacekeeping, p.173 -- Widening the Lens: Downstream Benefits of Peacekeeping, p.176 -- Expanding the analysis, p.176 -- The Detriments and Benefits of Peacekeeping in Broader Context, p.180 -- Peacekeeping and addressing sexual violence, p.181 -- Peacekeeping and economic growth, p.183 -- Addressing the detriments of peacekeeping with policy reforms, p.186 -- Effective, Yes. But Cost-Effective?, p.187 -- Saving Humanity from Hell?, p.189 -- Appendices, p.193 -- List of Cases, p.193 -- Appendix to Chapter, p. 4197 -- Investigating the relationship between observer personnel and event reporting, p.197 -- Matching analyses of battle-related violence, p.197 -- Analyzing battle-related violence with different lengths of post-conflict periods, p.200 -- Appendix to Chapter 5, p.201 -- Exploring the effect of protection mandates on deaths from one-sided violence, p.201 Matching analysis of deaths from one-sided violence, p.201 -- Results of analyses omitting deaths from the Rwandan genocide, p.204 -- Analyzing one-sided violence with different lengths of post-conflict periods, p.204 -- Bibliography, p.207 -- Index, p.233
Peacekeeping and the problem of civil war -- Measuring peacekeeping effectiveness -- Mechanisms of peacekeeping effectiveness -- Reducing battlefield violence -- Reducing violence against civilians -- Successes and failures in Côte d'Ivoire and the Democratic Republic of Congo -- Saving humanity from hell?
Subject United Nations -- Peacekeeping forces -- Evaluation
Civil war -- Protection of civilians
United Nations. fast (OCoLC)fst00530351
Civil war -- Protection of civilians. fast (OCoLC)fst00862886
Alt Author Kathman, Jacob D., author
Shannon, Megan, author
Alt Title Un peacekeeping in the midst of war
United Nations Peacekeeping in the midst of war
Record:   Prev Next