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書名 陽明山國家公園七星山天坪及竹子湖考古學研究 / 詹素娟計畫主持, 劉益昌協同主持
出版項 台北 : 中華民國國家公園學會, 民93[2004]
館藏地 索書號 處理狀態 OPAC 訊息 條碼
 傅斯年圖書館閱覽室  R Liu-Y-C  2004M    館內使用    30530105088215
說明 [11], 1-70, [27]面 : 圖, 表 ; 30公分
(平裝)
附註 附錄: 1,田野考古工作日誌--2,田野考古工作日誌--3,田野考古工作日誌
內政部營建署陽明山國家公園管理處委託研究報告; 受委託者為中華民國國家公園學會
含參考與引用書目
摘要:一、研究緣起 自古以來,陽明山地區即為台北盆地與北海岸的聯絡要道。此區域除了自然資源外,人文歷史資源亦相當豐富;不僅曾是平埔族的活動範圍,也是漢人進行農業拓墾、產業交易的重要地區。因此,陽明山國家公園早年曾進行文化史蹟初步調查,近年亦針對轄區內考古人文資源進行一連串研究,如2002年陽明山國家公園東側的金包里大路及2003年西側的面天坪遺址調查研究。然而,兩者之間的中間地帶--即七星山及竹子湖地區,雖然早在日治時期已有考古遺址出土報導,卻未有進一步的探討。因此,本計畫針對陽明山區的七星山及竹子湖地區進行更深入的調查研究,期能對人文歷史及其發展有進一步的認識;同時,本計畫亦試圖結合金包里大路、面天坪遺址與本計畫的研究空間,希望能釐清陽明山地區在台北盆地與北海岸之間的交通樞紐地位,同時討論該區的不同時其考古遺址內涵、遺址的族群歸屬等課題。同時,立基於學術研究結果,解析近年來民間人士利用七星山天坪及其他區域資料建構的「凱達格蘭文明」體系。二、研究方法及過程 本計畫以史學文獻蒐集與考古學田野調查進行研究,並在局部地點試掘,其方法及過程如下:(一)文獻蒐集與分析 1.十七世紀西班牙、荷蘭時代文獻資料的搜尋與解讀。2.清代志書、奏摺、檔案、筆記與古文書等相關資料的搜尋與解讀。3.近期相關傳說與文獻的蒐集、解讀。(二)考古田野工作 1.地表調查:針對七星山、竹子湖,調查遺址分佈範圍及相關環境資訊。2.探坑發掘:在可能地點發掘探坑,以瞭解地下文化層堆積狀況。同時採取各項文化及生態遺物,記錄遺物、遺址出土狀態,並採取土樣進行環境資料分析。(三)資料處理與分析 1.室內標本整理:針對出土遺物,進行標本清洗、分類、計測、分析等整理工作。2.實驗室標本分析:針對土壤、陶器、有機遺物,進行土壤、花粉、陶器成本等分析,以及碳十四定年。最後,根據文獻蒐集、考古發掘之各項記錄,及資料處理與分析、實驗室標本分析、現地調查所得各項資料,進行研究、討論與報告撰寫工作。三、重要發現 本計畫初步釐清竹子湖與七星山區人類活動的具體過程,並從族群文化建構的角度,思考近年來民間社會建立的「凱達格蘭文明」,相關重要發現有如下二點:(一)考古發掘部分:在七星山天坪的二個探坑中,僅於第一探坑表層發現一件硬陶,其年代不早於清代中葉,由於與其他資料相符,說明人類在今竹子湖與七星山區較為頻繁的活動與定居行為,當始於清乾隆年間。在竹子湖發現的遺物,顯示史前時期的人類活動應屬於短暫居停,而不能達到祭祀場所的規模。(二)族群文化建構部分:族群的來源、分佈及其文化內涵,除了可以從文獻紀錄逐步建構外,也可以透過考古學與其他相關學科在資料上的結合與討論,追溯族群的歷史,建構文化的內涵。然而,本計畫也不反對每個族群可以在自我認知的立場上,詮釋祖先的來源與文化變遷過程,進而嵌入當代族群復振運動,建構新的族群文化體系。我們認為,「舊說」可以解構,只是解構之餘,可以有主觀的「建構」,也應該有追求「真實」的建構。兩者之間的對話,或許又開啟了一扇新的知識之門。
四、主要建議事項 根據研究結果,本計畫針對管理維護及研究發展兩個面向,向主辦機關陽明山國家公園管理處,提出立即可行建議及中長期建議如下:(一)立即可行建議:管理維護 1.竹子湖地區正面臨農業生產與排水系統的極大干擾,應請國家公園管理處人員注意施工過程是否發現考古遺址。2.七星山天坪地區與「凱達格蘭文明」相關「遺跡」,應維持原有狀態,不宜更動,相關設施亦應迴避上述「遺跡。(二)中長期建議:研究發展 1.補足園區西北側尚未調查的部分,如八連溪、大屯溪上游區域。2.統合園區內所有歷史文化成果,撰述通俗解說資料。3.深入研究石屋群的聚落體系與文化內涵。
Abstract:Research Background: Yangmingshan area has long been a passageway between Taipei basin and the northern coas. In addition to the natural resources, the area also possesses rich human and historical assets, where are Formosan Plains Austronesians ever dominated and the Han Chinese colonized with agricultural cultivation and trading activities. Therefore, Yangmingshan National Park(YNP)has long conducted research projects on the cultural and historical topics, and recent survey even extended to the archaeological resources such as the Chin-pao-li(Taparri) Trail(2002) and Miantianping relics(2003). However, the Chihsing Mountain and Chutzuhu Village area, which situates between the two aforesaid archaeological sites, was left behind, although reports on archaeological findings could trace back to the Japanese period. The project accordingly probes into the Chinsing Mountain and Chutzuhu Village area. The main object matter is to clarify the role of Yangmingshan area as a passageway between Taipei basin and the northern coast, and then it goes further to elucidate the nature of remnant sites in different stages and its ethnic belongings. The project also utilizes the research result to annalyze the Ketagalan civilization, a folk construction based on data out of Chihsing-Mountaintianping and other areas. 2.Research Methods and Procedures The research methods of the project are based on the disciplines of history and archaeology, as follows: (1)Document-collecting and Analyzing 1.Collecting and interpreting of the Spanish and the Dutch sources in the 17th century. 2.Collecting and interpreting of gazette, archival sources, travel reports, land contracts etc. of the Qing period. 3.Collecting and interpreting of Mythology and Oral Traditions. (2)Archaeological Field works 1.Surface survey: field reconnaissance on the investigated area. 2.Excavation: We plan to do archaeological field survey on Chihsing-Mountaintianping area and choose parts of the area for test digging in order to know culture layer of the site. (3)Data Analysis 1.Indoor sorted: We cleaned, sorted, analyzed all the samples we found out from the site. 2.Laboratory Sample Analyses: We collected and analyzed soils, pottery, organic remmants and carbon 14 dating. Finishing the report based on documentary sources, archaeological findings, and laboratory sample analysis, etc.. 3.Critical findings The project clarifies the fact of human activities about the Chihsing Mountain and Chutzuhu Village area, and further explores the recent folk construction of Ketagalan civilization from the perspective of ethnic construction, as follows: (1)Archarological Findings: The dating of the only pottery out of the two test pit in Chihsing-Mountaintianping area is about the mid-Qing period. It concludes that the human settlement started form Qianlong dynasty and the size of pre-historical human activities could not support large-scale ritual performance. (2)Ethnic Construction: Information about the origin, distribution, and culture of an ethnic group out of documentary records and archaeological findings surely provides fundamental sources for ethnic construction. While pursuing for the academic / scientific reality, the project, however, acknowledges the position of self-interpretation on ethnic ancestry as a tool for ethnic revival movement. It further believes that the dialects between the two sides would contribute to our understanding of human knowledge. 4.Major Suggestions Based on the research outcomes, the project proposes two directions concerning both the maintenance / management and the research to YNP. (1)Immediate Proposal on Maintenance and Management a.Due to both the on-going agricultural production and the construction of drainage system around Chutzuhu Village area, YNP should pay attention to the unearthing of potential archaeological sites. b.Chihsing-Mountaintianping area and the relics associated with the Ketagalan civilization should stay untouched. The construction of facilities should also avoid the aforementioned vestiges. (2)Long-term Proposal on Research a.Further study on the un-surveyed area, e.g., Parian(八連)Creek area, and the upstream area of Tatun Creek. b.Publication of a comprehensive guidance based on current research results on historical and cultural topics for the general public. c.Advanced study on settlement pattern and cultural significance of stone house groups.
關鍵詞: 七星山天坪、竹子湖、Sansai傳說、凱達格蘭文明
Keywords: Chihsing-Mountaintianping, Chutzuhu Village, Sansai Mythology, Ketagalan Civilization
主題 考古學 -- 臺灣 csht
Alt Author 詹素娟 計畫主持
劉益昌 (1955-) 協同主持
鍾國風 參與研究
李佳玲 專任助理
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