MARC 主機 00000nam  2200421   4500 
001    AAI3488020 
005    20121019133855.5 
008    121019s2011    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781267077820 
035    (UMI)AAI3488020 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Anderson, Austin Robert 
245 10 Heterosexism in sport: Attitudes toward lesbians and gay 
       men among collegiate varsity and recreational club sport 
       athletes 
300    249 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 73-
       04, Section: A, page:  
500    Adviser: Rasul A. Mowatt 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--Indiana University, 2011 
520    This study investigated attitudes toward gay men and 
       lesbians among collegiate varsity athletes and 
       recreational sport club participants, including an 
       investigation of differences in attitudes across 
       competitive levels, team and individual sport divisions, 
       sport by sport comparisons, gender, grade level, race, 
       contact with gay men and lesbians and ethnicity.  
       Identifying as a gay or lesbian participant in the heavily
       masculinized arena of sport can be expected to result in 
       severe social and individual consequences which could 
       serve to heavily dissuade otherwise interested 
       participants to participate in sporting activity. The 
       overarching purpose of this study was to introduce 
       heterosexism research into leisure studies; providing 
       participants, administrators, scholars and practitioners 
       with guidelines to initiate or improve  policies to 
       provide an inclusive and inviting environment for all who 
       wish to partake in this leisure activity 
520    This study utilized a modified version of the Attitudes 
       Toward Gay Men and Lesbians scale (Herek, 1984; 1988) 
       administered online to a census sampling of varsity 
       athletic and recreational club sport participants at 
       Indiana University for the 2010-2011 academic year to 
       acquire overall attitudinal scores of participants toward 
       lesbians and gay men, as well as two parallel sub-scale 
       scores. Utilizing ANOVA, MANOVA and t-test statistical 
       testing procedures, significant differences (p < .05) 
       in attitudes toward gay men and lesbians were found based 
       upon varsity and recreational athlete competitive level, 
       varsity team/individual sport designation, gender, 
       recreational grade level, contact with gay men and 
       lesbians, and among different recreational club sports. 
       Significant statistical differences (p < .05) between 
       attitudinal sub-scale scores were also found across 
       demographic levels. Further study is necessary to fully 
       understand and investigate the results of this exploratory
       study, including policy implications and educational 
       initiatives that may be introduced in efforts to ensure an
       open participatory atmosphere within university organized 
       sport environments 
590    School code: 0093 
650  4 Business Administration, Sports Management 
650  4 GLBT Studies 
650  4 Education, Higher 
650  4 Recreation 
690    0430 
690    0492 
690    0745 
690    0814 
710 2  Indiana University.|bSchool of Health, Physical Education 
       and Recreation 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g73-04A 
856 40 |uhttp://pqdd.sinica.edu.tw/twdaoapp/servlet/
       advanced?query=3488020