MARC 主機 00000nam  2200373   4500 
001    AAI3395204 
005    20121210143331.5 
008    121210s2009    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9781109631500 
035    (UMI)AAI3395204 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Baird, Melissa Florence 
245 14 The politics of place: Heritage, identiy, and the 
       epistemologies of cultural landscapes 
300    314 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 71-
       02, Section: A, page: 0606 
500    Adviser: Madonna L. Moss 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Oregon, 2009 
520    The practice and management of cultural heritage by 
       anthropologists, archaeologists, geographers, museum 
       practitioners, and other "experts" has implications for 
       indigenous groups who may challenge how their heritage is 
       represented. This research applied a critical heritage 
       studies framework to investigate the cultural landscape 
       designation developed by the United Nations Educational, 
       Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) to 
       understand the discourse that informs research and 
       management of this category of heritage at two UNESCO-
       designated sites: Tongariro National Park, New Zealand and
       Ulur&barbelow;u-Kata Tjuta&barbelow; National Park, 
520    My objectives were (1) to examine the nature and use of 
       institutional and expert knowledge to determine whose 
       interests were legitimized in how cultural landscapes are 
       defined; (2) to examine the implications of using western 
       models, primarily developed and borrowed from the natural 
       and social sciences, to interpret non-Western landscapes; 
       (3) to understand the implications of cultural landscapes 
       as heritage for indigenous groups; and (4) to determine 
       whether a critical heritage studies framework contributes 
       to understanding the socio-political and historical 
       contexts of heritage practices 
520    This study revealed that the cultural landscape 
       designation expands the heritage inventory and positions 
       heritage managers as experts along the full heritage 
       continuum and, in some cases, outside of their expertise, 
       training, or qualifications. My analyses of World Heritage
       and park documents suggest that World Heritage 
       representatives influenced and guided heritage outcomes 
       and practices, and in some cases, adopted a possessive 
       posture in heritage negotiations that excluded third party
       review and alternative interpretations and largely 
       prevented indigenous groups from asserting their political
       and cultural authority. Applying a critical heritage 
       studies framework provided insights into the historical, 
       legal, and political contexts that were largely absent in 
       the heritage documents but were clearly intersecting with 
       heritage practices at these sites. This study called 
       attention to the silences and omissions in the stories of 
       both national parks and revealed how the legacies of 
       colonial policies were embedded in contemporary land 
       management practices. State and national laws and World 
       Heritage and national park policies forced traditional 
       owners to make their claims within systems that are 
       largely incompatible with their custodial responsibilities,
       knowledge practices, and customary laws 
590    School code: 0171 
650  4 Anthropology, Cultural 
650  4 Pacific Rim Studies 
650  4 Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies 
690    0326 
690    0561 
690    0631 
710 2  University of Oregon 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g71-02A 
856 40 |u