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100 1  Gurel, Meltem Havva 
245 10 Domestic space, modernity, and identity: The apartment in 
       mid-20th century Turkey 
300    256 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 68-
       06, Section: A, page: 2209 
500    Adviser: Panayiota I. Pyla 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign,
520    How did the apartment, as a built form, as a setting for 
       everyday domestic life, and as a concept, contribute to 
       forming modern consciousness in Turkey? This dissertation 
       examines the social, cultural, political, economic, and 
       architectural aspects of urban apartments between the 1950
       election, which marked the advent of a more democratic 
       society, and the 1965 Flat Property Law, which allowed 
       individual ownership of units within a building. It 
       analyzes the apartment's role with respect to Turkish 
       modernization and Westernization, delineating a picture of
       the collective notion of modernity in mid-20 th century 
520    The study engaged multiple methods, including a class-
       based socio-spatial analysis of plans, archival research, 
       oral histories; and analyses of extant structures, 
       material culture, advertisements, and literary works. I 
       examined architect-built apartments with a focus on 
       everyday spaces, mundane objects, such as toilet fixtures,
       and inhabitants' experiences; and subjected the major 
       themes that emerged to discursive analysis. These themes 
       were Turkish modernity, architectural Modernism, class, 
       and gender 
520    My analysis of ordinary spaces, such as maids' rooms, 
       balconies, and bathrooms, constitutes a rich and 
       unexplored domain that exposed the continuation and 
       modernization of hierarchical class relations; it also 
       highlights women's gendered identity in domestic space. 
       Most significantly, the analysis demonstrates that the 
       urban apartment, as a physical embodiment of contemporary 
       beliefs, social norms, and shared values, occupied the 
       confluence of cultural modernity and architectural 
       Modernism. The apartment as social space revealed the 
       desire of inhabitants, architects, and interior designers 
       for change that was informed by political and cultural 
       ideals of the West, reconfigured by postwar geopolitics. 
       Residents and designers conceptualized the apartment as 
       the epitome of modernity. However, they simultaneously 
       embraced cultural priorities in creating domestic space 
       for a consumer society shaped by political dynamics. 
       Concepts of modern architecture were blended with 
       traditional ones. In that sense, apartment interiors 
       embodied a liminal space in which a desire to belong to a 
       universal civilization coexisted with resistance and a 
       return to tradition. Inside the unadorned facades, 
       architectural Modernism was overcome by Turkish modernity.
       The spatial composition of apartments and their material 
       culture represented the plurality, complexity, and 
       ambiguity of Modern architecture 
590    School code: 0090 
590    DDC 
650  4 Architecture 
690    0729 
710 2  University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g68-06A 
856 40 |u