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作者 Haddad, Samir James
書名 Derrida, Arendt, and the inheritance of democracy
國際標準書號 9780542620898
book jacket
說明 267 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-03, Section: A, page: 0958
Adviser: David M. Kleinberg-Levin
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Northwestern University, 2006
In this dissertation I demonstrate the central role played by inheritance in Jacques Derrida's theorization of democracy. I then expose some of the limitations of Derrida's account through a reading of the work of Hannah Arendt. My aim is thus to develop the Derridean position linking inheritance and democracy, while at the same time maintaining a critical attitude towards this position
I begin by articulating a general account of the inheritance of ideas as it is implicitly theorized in Derrida's writings. For Derrida conceptual legacies are always aporetic---they are contradictory in a way that resists resolution. Narrowing my focus, I then show how Derrida reads democracy to be one such aporetic legacy. Further, I argue that for Derrida not only is the concept of democracy inherited, but also that the injunction to inherit is a democratic injunction. That is, Derrida's work implies that to be democratic we need to inherit
To further illuminate this idea I examine one aspect of Derrida's own inheritance from the democratic tradition, his analysis of the concept of fraternity. Derrida argues that fraternity operates as a term of exclusion and he warns against its use in political discourse. This claim is grounded in the assertion that fraternity is linked to a conception of birth connoting necessity. Against Derrida, I argue that this link is not necessary because birth can be divorced from necessity, as is demonstrated by Arendt's use of birth as a figure for contingency in her theorization of political action. This reading of Arendt thus highlights a point where Derrida is overly conservative of the tradition that he seeks to call into question. Further, I argue that Arendt's conception of birth also provides an alternative theorization of democratic inheritance. While not without its own problems, Arendtian inheritance proves useful in bringing to light certain blind spots in the Derridean position, as the case of birth illustrates. I conclude by proposing that the Derridean project of democratic inheritance can be further advanced through a continued interrogation of Derrida's writings from this Arendtian point of view
School code: 0163
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-03A
主題 Philosophy
0422
Alt Author Northwestern University
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