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作者 Sato, K
書名 Energy Budget in the High Energy Universe : Proceedings of the International Workshop, Kashiwa, Japan
出版項 Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd, 2007
©2007
國際標準書號 9789812708342 (electronic bk.)
9789812700100
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (413 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
附註 Intro -- CONTENTS -- Preface -- Highest Energy Universe -- AGASA Results and the Status of TA M. Fulcushima -- 1. Super-GZK Cosmic Rays -- 2. Overview of TA -- 3. Ground Array of ph-1 TA -- 4. Fluorescence Telescope -- 5. Prospects -- References -- Results from the High Resolution Fly's Eye Experiment C. C. H. Jui, for the HiRes Collaboration -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Energy Spectrum -- 3. Composition and Cross-Section Measurements -- 4. Anisotropy -- References -- Astrophysical Origins of the Highest Energy Cosmic Rays S. Inoue -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Issues on UHECR propagation -- 3. Candidate astrophysical sources of UHECRs -- 4. Nuclei from cluster accretion shocks as UHECRs -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Cosmic Rays and Magnetic Fields in Large Scale Structure of the Universe H. Kang -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observational Evidences of Nonthermal Components -- 2.1. Signatures of Cosmic Rays in the Intmcluster Medium -- 2.2. Observed Magnetic Fields in the ICM -- 3. Diffusive Shock Acceleration -- 4. Astrophysical Sources of Nonthermal Components in the ICM -- 4.1. Galactic Winds -- 4.2. Radio Galaxy Jets -- 4.3. Major Mergers -- 4.4. Structure Formation Shocks -- 4.5. Turbulence -- 4.6. Primary us. Secondary Electron Models -- 5 . Summary -- References -- Characterization of Microwave Continuum Emission from UHECR Extensive Air Showers B. T. Stokes, N. G. Lehtinen, P. W. Gorham and G. S. Varner -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Accelerator beam tests -- 2.1. AWA INCOBREMS -- 2.2. SLAC T471/E165 -- 3. The AMBER system -- 3.1. Plan of Deployment -- References -- Around the Knee -- Cosmic Rays at the Knee T. K. Gaisser -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Comparison of direct and indirect measurements -- 3. Modelling the knee -- 4. Primary composition from air shower measurements -- 5. Transition to extra-galactic cosmic rays -- Acknowledgments -- References
The Anti Matter Spectrometer (AMS-02): A Particle Physics Detector in Space R. Battiston -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The Cryornagnet -- 3. The Silicon Tracker -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- Cosmic Neutrinos and the Energy Budget of Galactic and Extragalactic Cosmic Rays F. Halzen -- 1 Introduction -- 2 Cosmic Neutrinos Associated with Extragalactic Cosmic Rays -- 3 Cosmic Neutrinos Associated with Galactic Cos- mic Rays -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Theoretical Aspects of High Energy Neutrinos and GRB P. Mkszciros and S. Razzaque -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Nature of the High Energy Emission from GRBs -- 3. High Energy Neutrinos -- 3.1. Neutrinos contemporaneous with the gamma-rays -- 3.2. Neutrinos from the GRB afterglow -- 3.3. Precursor neutrinos -- 3.4. Early n p decoupling non-thermal neutrinos -- 4. GRB-Supernova Connection -- 5. Neutrino Flavor Astrophysics -- 6. Conclusions -- Acknowledgments -- References -- GeV Sky -- Precise Measurement of Low Energy (<TeV) Cosmic-Ray Flux with BESS A. Yamamoto, for the BESS Collaboration -- 1. Introduciton -- 2. Magnetic Rigidity Spectrometer, BESS -- 3. Proton and Helium spectra below TeV -- 4. Measurement of low-energy antiproton -- 5. Progress in BESS-polar Project -- 6.Conclusion -- References -- The PAMELA Cosmic Ray Telescope on Board Resurs-DK1 Satellite: An Overview of Heliospheric Observation Capabilities M. Casolino -- 1. Detector Description -- 2. Jovian electrons -- 3. Solar Energetic Particles -- 3.1. Protons -- 3.2. Positrons -- 3.3. Nuclei -- 3.4. Neutrons -- 4. Conclusions -- References -- Particle Acceleration in Kinetic Plasma Processes M. Hoshino, S. Zenitani, K . Nagata and Y. Takagi -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Relativistic Shock Waves -- 2.1. Perpendicular Shocks with Surfing Acceleration -- 2.2. Turbulence at Shock Front: Weibel Instability and Synchrotron Maser Instability
2.3. First Order Fermi Acceleration us Surfing Acceleration -- 2.4. Collision between Shock Wave and Current Sheets -- 3. Relativistic Magnetic Reconnection -- 3.1. Current Sheet Acceleration -- 3.2. Guide Field Effect on Reconnection -- 4. Discussion -- References -- The Swift Gamma-Ray Burst Mission: First Results N. Gehrels, on behalf of the Swift Team -- Introduction -- 1. What causes GRBs? -- Swift Highlights -- 2.1 BAT Detected GRBs -- 2.2 XRT Detected GRBs -- 2.3 WOT Detected GRBs -- 2.4 XRT Early Light Curve Behavior -- 2.5 Short GRBs -- 2.6 GRB Redshifts -- 2.7 Giant Flare from SGR 1806-20 -- 2.8 UV/Optical & X-ray Observations of SN2005am -- Conclusions -- REFERENCES -- Gamma-Ray Burst: Problems Delineated by HETE-2 and Other Observations N . Kawai -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Long population GRBs -- 2.1. Supernova association -- 2.2. X-ray Flashes, Spectral Energy Peak, and Radiated Energy -- 2.3. Long population GRBs: what are known and what are not -- 3. Short population GRBs -- 3.1. Afterglow detections -- 3.2. Giant pares of soft gamma repeaters -- Acknowledgments -- References -- The Non-Thermal High Energy Emission from GRBs - Theoretical Predictions E. Nukar -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observations and the fireball model -- 3. Ultra-high energy cosmic rays -- 4. Neutrinos -- 5. GeV photons -- 6. Summary -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Explosion Mechanism of Core-Collapse Supernovae and Collapsars S. Nagataki -- 1. INTRODUCTION -- 2. MODELS AND NUMERICAL METHODS -- 2.1. Magnetohydrodynamics -- 2.2. Initial Conditions -- 2.3. Micro Physics -- 2.3.1. Equation of State -- 2.3.2. Nuclear Reactions -- 2.3.3. Neutrino Processes -- 3. RESULTS -- 4.SUMMARY AND DISCUSSION -- 5. Acknowledgments -- References -- TeV Sky -- Recent Results from CANGAROO M. Mori, for the CANGAROO Team -- 1. Introduction
2. Sterea analysis: the case of the Crab nebula -- 3. Recent results -- 3.1. Pulsar PSR 1706-44 -- 3.2. Supernova remnant SNlOO6 -- 3.3. Vela pulsar and nebula -- 3.4. SNR RX JO852.0-4622 -- 4. Summary -- References -- Observations of Galactic Gamma-Ray Sources with H.E.S.S. D. Berge, for the H.E.S.S. Collaboration -- 1. Introduction -- 2. The H.E.S.S. Survey of the Inner Galaxy -- 3. Pulrsm Wind Nebulae -- 4. X-ray Binaries -- 5. Supernova Remnants -- 6. Sources of Unknown Nature - The H.E.S.S. Galactic Centre signal -- 7. Summary and Conclusions -- References -- Particle Acceleration in Supernova remnants and the Resulting Nonthermal Emission H. J. Volk -- 1. SNRs: Observations and acceleration theory -- 2. Individual SNRs -- 2.1. Tycho's SNR -- 2.2. SN 1006 and Cas A -- 2.3. SNR RX J1713.7-3946 -- 3. Nonthermal energetics due to SNRs in the Universe -- References -- Recent Results from the MAGIC Project and Outlook J. A. Coarasa, for the MAGIC Collaboration -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Summary of observations by the MAGIC Telescope during the first year of regular operations -- 2.1. Crab Nebula -- 2.2. Galactic Center -- 2.3. HESS J1813-178 and J1834-087 -- 2.4. lES1959+650 -- 2.5. IES1218+304 -- 2.6. Mrk 501 and Mrk 421 -- 2.7. Prompt GRB follow-up by MAGIC for GRB050713A -- 3. Conclusions and Outlook -- Acknowledgments -- References -- All-Sky Survey High Resolution Air-Shower Detector (Ashra) M. Sasaki -- 1. Project -- Main Technical Features -- Observational Objectives -- Station Layout -- 2. Detector -- 3. Test Observation -- 4. Current status and Plan -- Acknowledgment -- References -- TeV Gamma-Rays from Old Supernova Remnants R. Yamazaki, K. Kohri, A. Bamba, T. Yoshida, T. Tsuribe and F. Takahara -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Evolution of SNR -- 3. Emission from an SNR -- 4. Discussions -- Acknowledgments -- References
The CALET Project for Investigating High Energy Universe S. Torii, for the CALET Collaboration -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Observation and Scientific Objective -- 2.1. ELectrons -- 2.2. Gamma-rays -- 2.3. Protons and Nuclei -- 3. Detector -- 3.1. Detector Concept -- 3.2.Accomunodation Study for JEM -- 4. Summary and Future Prospect -- Acknoledgments -- References -- MeV and keV Sky -- Initial Results from Suzaku T. Takahashi, K. Mitsuda and H. Kunieda, on behalf of the Suzaku Team -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Scientific Instrumentation of Suzaku -- 2.1. XRT -- 2.2. XRS -- 2.3. XIS -- 2.4. HXD -- 3. Scientific Capabilities and Initial Results -- References -- X-Ray Diagnostics of Acceleration Processes A. Bamba -- 1. Introduction -- 2. X-ray diagnostics of electron acceleration efficiency in Young SNRs -- 3. Observations of Proton Accelerators with X-rays ? -- References -- Supernovae in the Universe S. Yamada -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Neutrino-heating Scenario -- 2.1. Critical Neutrino Luminosity -- 2.2. Standing Accretion Shock Instability -- 3. Other Scenarios -- 3.1. Acoustic Revival Scenario -- 4. Conclusion -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Search for Supernova Neutrinos at Super-Kamiokande M. Nakahata -- 1. Super-Kamiokande Detector -- 2. Sensitivity to Supernova Burst Neutrinos -- 3. SK Data Analysis -- 4. Sensitivity to Supernova Relic Neutrinos -- 5. Conclusion -- References -- Aspects of Neutrino Production in Supernovae T. A. Thompson -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Neutrinos from Rotating Core Collapse -- 3. The Energy Budget of the Universe -- Acknowledgments -- References -- Special Lecture -- INTEGRAL R. Sunyaev, E. Churazov, M. Revnivtsev and S. Sazonov -- 1. Introduction -- 2. Electron-positron annihilation in the Milky Way -- 3. Past activity of the central Galactic black hole -- 4. Population of absorbed X-ray sources in the Galaxy
5. Cosmic X-ray background and nearby AGN
The existence of materials with very high specific energies greatly exceeding the local virial temperature is best represented by cosmic rays, whose origin has long been a mystery. Recent astrophysical observations in X-ray, gamma-ray, neutrino, and high energy cosmic ray experiments, in conjunction with theoretical studies, have revealed various new aspects of the high energy universe, including promising candidates for cosmic ray acceleration sites. As each approach has its own advantages and limitations, it is expected that joint efforts by experimentalists and theorists in various related fields are essential. The contributions in this volume include observation of the universe through a wide range of techniques for detecting cosmic rays, neutrinos, X-rays and gamma-rays, as well as theoretical considerations in understanding their nature and astrophysical aspects
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Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: Sato, K Energy Budget in the High Energy Universe : Proceedings of the International Workshop, Kashiwa, Japan Singapore : World Scientific Publishing Co Pte Ltd,c2007 9789812700100
主題 Cosmic rays -- Congresses.;Gamma ray astronomy -- Congresses
Electronic books
Alt Author Hisano, Junji
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