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作者 Hsiao, Cheh-Yu
書名 Passenger demand for air transportation in a hub-and-spoke network
國際標準書號 9781109100259
book jacket
說明 172 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 70-04, Section: B, page: 2446
Adviser: Mark M. Hansen
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2008
A major transformation of the air transportation system---involving the modernization of technologies, policies, and business models---is currently under way. Knowledge of passenger demand for air service is the key to a successful system transformation. This research develops an air passenger demand model and applies it to the air transportation system of the United States
The proposed model deals with city-pair demand generation and demand assignment (to routes) in a single model, which is consistent with random utility theory. It also quantifies the "induced" air travel by adding a non-air alternative in the choice set. Using publicly available and regularly collected panel data, the model captures both time series and cross-sectional variation of air travel demand, and can be regularly updated. The empirical analysis explicitly modeled the pattern of correlations among alternatives by a three-level nested logit model. This implies that a route is more likely to compete with another route of the same O-D airport pair in a multiple airport system than the routes of the other O-D airport pairs, and is least likely to be substituted by the non-air alternative. In addition, the endogeneity problem of air fare was identified and remedied by the instrumental variables (IV) method. The IV estimates yield more sensible values-of-time, demand elasticities, and correlations of total utilities for alternatives than those of ordinary least squares method
Other empirical findings include that (1) the fare elasticities from our estimates accord with the variation of fare elasticities from other studies in the literature; (2) for connecting routes, a proportional flight frequency increase on the segment with lower frequency increases service attractiveness more than an equivalent change on higher frequency segment; (3) travelers avoid connecting at airports with high expected delay; (4) under steady state, a one-minute hub delay increase has a larger impact on demand than an equivalent change in scheduled flight time of a connecting route; (5) air travel demand is strongly sensitive to income; (6) market distance has a concave effect on air route demand; and (7) potential travelers' fare sensitivity has increased relative to frequency sensitivity since 2001
School code: 0028
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 70-04B
主題 Economics, General
Engineering, Civil
Transportation
0501
0543
0709
Alt Author University of California, Berkeley
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