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作者 Martinez-Dick, Mandi K
書名 The effect of bystander behavior and victim response on teenage girls' perceptions of chat room cyberbullying
國際標準書號 9781303420221
book jacket
說明 152 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 74-12(E), Section: B
Adviser: Steven Landau
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Illinois State University, 2013
Cyberbullying is a new form of bullying that recently has become a topic of study. Research in the traditional bullying literature has shown that bystanders' perceptions of a victim can be significantly influenced by their own individual differences and the behavior of others around them (i.e., other bystanders and the victim)
The current study examined the relation between participants' self-reported individual differences and their perceptions of a cyberbullying victim and scenario. These individual differences included: empathy, perceived responsibility, and normative beliefs about relational and overt aggression. Secondly, this study examined the moderating effect that bystander behavior and victim response had on the relation between participants' individual differences and perceptions of the victim and cyberbullying intervention strategies. Approximately 146 6th-8th grade girls from four middle schools were asked to evaluate a new social networking site that was being tested. While examining a fictitious member's webpage, participants viewed an online chat room bullying scenario in which there was a bully, victim, and bystander. Bystander behavior was manipulated in three ways: assisting the bully, defending the victim, and being a passive outsider. In addition, victim response was manipulated in two ways: fighting back or doing nothing. After participants viewed the 5-minute online conversation, they completed a series of questionnaires to determine their perceptions of what they had just observed. Dependent variables that were measured included: victim likeability, victim blame, social preference for the victim, and perceptions of effective intervention and prevention strategies to stop cyberbullying
Results demonstrated the powerful influence that participants' individual differences had on predicting their perceptions of the victim as well as effective intervention strategies. Further, results supported the application of the bystander effect theory in the on-line world by finding chat room bystander behavior had significantly impacted participants' perceptions of the victim. Implications for prevention efforts are discussed
School code: 0092
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 74-12B(E)
主題 Psychology, Social
Multimedia Communications
Alt Author Illinois State University. Psychology
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