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作者 de Boef, Walter Simon
書名 Community Biodiversity Management : Promoting Resilience and the Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources
出版項 London : Taylor & Francis Group, 2013
©2013
國際標準書號 9781136474873 (electronic bk.)
9780415502191
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (457 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity Ser
Issues in Agricultural Biodiversity Ser
附註 Intro -- Community Biodiversity Management Promoting resilience and the conservation of plant genetic resources -- Copyright -- Contents -- List of contributors -- Foreword -- Preface and acknowledgements -- List of abbreviations -- Part I: Community biodiversity management and in situ conservation -- 1.1 General introduction -- 1.2 The evolution of community biodiversity management as a methodology for implementing in situ conservation of agrobiodiversity in Nepal -- 1.3 Community biodiversity management: defined and contextualized -- 1.4 On-farm management of plant genetic resources through community seed banks in Ethiopia -- 1.5 The diversity kit: restoring farmers' sovereignty over food, seed and genetic resources in Guaraciaba, Brazil -- 1.6 Practices that contribute to the empowerment of farming communities for managing their agrobiodiversity in Asia -- 1.7 The Maison de la Semence Paysanne and diversity platform: promoting agrobiodiversity in France -- 1.8 Community biodiversity management and in situ conservation of plant genetic resources -- Part II: Practices contributing to community biodiversity management -- 2.1 Practices contributing to community biodiversity management: introduction -- 2.2 Enhancing awareness of the value of local biodiversity in Nepal -- 2.3 Practices that contribute to promoting and appreciating Andean crops and identity in Cotacachi, Ecuador -- 2.4 Community biodiversity registers in Nepal: enhancing the capabilities of communities to document, monitor and take control over their genetic resources -- 2.5 Gene banks that promote on-farm management through the reintroduction of local varieties in Brazil -- 2.6 Community seed reserves: enhancing sovereignty and resilience in Central America -- 2.7 Community seed banks in the semi-arid region of Paraíba, Brazil
2.8 The community seed bank: a common driver for community biodiversity management -- 2.9 Community biodiversity management fund: promoting conservation through livelihood development in Nepal -- Part III: People, biodiversity and landscapes -- 3.1 People, biodiversity and landscapes: introduction -- 3.2 Traditional people and the conservation of biodiversity in Brazil -- 3.3 Opportunities for ethnobotany to contribute to community biodiversity management -- 3.4 The domestication of landscapes and cultural keystone species in a context of community biodiversity management in Brazil -- 3.5 Caívas and their contribution to the conservation of Atlantic forest landscapes in Brazil -- 3.6 Community management of forest coffee landscapes in Ethiopia -- 3.7 Promoting the community management of garcinia genetic resources in the central Western Ghats, India -- 3.8 The sustainable development reserve: an option for securing livelihoods in Imbituba, Brazil -- Part IV: Agrobiodiversity, livelihoods and markets -- 4.1 Agrobiodiversity, livelihoods and markets: introduction -- 4.2 Value addition and marketing of local citrus products in Nepal -- 4.3 Creating an economic stake for conserving the diversity of small millets in the Kolli Hills, India -- 4.4 Value chain development and the regional branding of Kalajeera rice in Jeypore, India -- 4.5 Marketing local rice varieties in Vietnam, supported by their participatory genetic enhancement and intellectual property rights -- 4.6 The dynamic management and regional marketing of a local wheat variety by farmers in the Lubéron, France -- Part V: Participatory crop improvement in a context of community biodiversity management -- 5.1 Participatory crop improvement in a context of community biodiversity management: introduction
5.2 Grassroots breeding of local crops and varieties in support of community biodiversity management and resilience in Nepal -- 5.3 Participatory domestication of the fruit tree species feijoa (Acca sellowiana) in Brazil -- 5.4 Farmer and participatory maize breeding: increasing farmers' autonomy and promoting the use of diversity in France -- 5.5 Participatory genetic enhancement of the Jethobudho rice variety in Nepal -- 5.6 Providing scientific support to farmers using local rice diversity in Jeypore, India -- 5.7 The participatory genetic enhancement of a local maize variety in Brazil -- 5.8 Participatory crop improvement in Central America: encouraging farmers to use local varieties -- 5.9 Participatory varietal selection for enhancing farmers' access to quality seed in Ethiopia -- 5.10 Supporting farmers' access to the global gene pool and participatory selection in taro in the Pacific -- Part VI: Community biodiversity management, genetic resource policies and rights -- 6.1 Genetic resource policies and rights: opportunities and limitations for community biodiversity management -- 6.2 Farmers' rights in times of change: illusion or reality? -- 6.3 Farmers' rights, their scope and legal protection in India -- 6.4 Access and benefit-sharing: putting a global legal concept into practice through local initiatives -- 6.5 Access and benefit-sharing in Brazil: towards the appropriation of the commons -- 6.6 The European Union directive on conservation varieties and its incompatibility with on-farm management of plant genetic resources -- 6.7 Local varieties, informal seed systems and the Seed Law: reflections from Brazil -- 6.8 Seed and variety regulations: obstructing informal seed systems and the use of local varieties by farmers in Europe -- Part VII: Community biodiversity management and resilience
7.1 New professionalism and governance in plant genetic resource management -- 7.2 Community biodiversity management and empowerment -- 7.3 Community biodiversity management: promoting resilience -- References -- Index
The conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity are issues that have been high on the policy agenda since the first Earth Summit in Rio in 1992. As part of efforts to implement in situ conservation, a methodology referred to as community biodiversity management (CBM) has been developed by those engaged in this arena. CBM contributes to the empowerment of farming communities to manage their biological resources and make informed decisions on the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity. This book is the first to set out a clear overview of CBM as a methodology for meeting socio-environmental changes. CBM is shown to be a key strategy that promotes community resilience, and contributes to the conservation of plant genetic resources. The authors present the underlying concepts and theories of CBM as well as its methodology and practices, and introduce case studies primarily from Brazil, Ethiopia, France, India, and Nepal. Contributors include farmers, leaders of farmers' organizations, professionals from conservation and development organizations, students and scientists. The book offers inspiration to all those involved in the conservation and use of agrobiodiversity within livelihood development and presents ideas for the implementation of farmers' rights. The wide collection of experiences illustrates the efforts made by communities throughout the world to cope with change while using diversity and engaging in learning processes. It links these grassroots efforts with debates in policy arenas as a means to respond to the unpredictable changes, such as climate change, that communities face in sustaining their livelihoods
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: de Boef, Walter Simon Community Biodiversity Management : Promoting Resilience and the Conservation of Plant Genetic Resources London : Taylor & Francis Group,c2013 9780415502191
主題 Biodiversity conservation -- Citizen participation.;Sustainable agriculture -- Citizen participation.;Plant genetics
Electronic books
Alt Author Subedi, Abishkar
Peroni, Nivaldo
Thijssen, Marja
O'Keeffe, Elizabeth
Thijssen, Marja Helen
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