Record:   Prev Next
作者 Prohaska, Rhonda J
書名 Heider's conceptualization of balance applied to an analysis of school board members' perceptions of superintendent job performance
說明 142 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 53-09, Section: A, page: 3073
Chairperson: William Holloway
Thesis (Ed.D.)--University of Kansas, 1991
This research study examined the cognitive processes by which board of education members evaluate superintendent job performance. Fritz Heider's (1946, 1958) conceptualization of psychological balance provided the theoretical basis for the study. Mathematical theories of linear graphs provided the methodological basis
Two hypotheses were tested. The first hypothesis posited that in situations where a low degree of structural balance exists between a board member, the superintendent, the district patrons and a board member's own perception of the superintendent's job performance, the board member will experience psychological tension or discomfort. In situations where a high degree of balance exists between these entities, a board member will not experience psychological tension. The second hypothesis posited that when a state of psychological tension exists, a board member will cognitively restructure his or her perceptions of relations between these entities so as to achieve a higher degree of structural balance
An analysis of variance was utilized for statistical analysis of the data. The first hypothesis was rejected. The degree of structural balance was unable to account for tensions which board members experienced as a result of superintendent job performance evaluation. The second hypothesis was also rejected. Statistical analysis of the data failed to support the hypothesis that board of education members cognitively restructure their perceptions of relations between themselves, the superintendent, district patrons and the superintendent's job performance under conditions of psychological tension in order to achieve a higher degree of balance
The findings of this research study failed to support Heider's conceptualization of psychological balance. The degree of structural balance was unable to account for tensions which board members experienced as a result of superintendent job performance evaluation. And it was found that when board members did experience psychological tension as a result of superintendent job performance evaluation, they did not restructure their cognitive structures so as to achieve a higher degree of balance
School code: 0099
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 53-09A
主題 Education, Administration
0514
Alt Author University of Kansas
Record:   Prev Next