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作者 Roos, Kimberly Lynn
書名 A study of permalloy (nickel(81)iron(19)) nanoparticles as possible qubits
國際標準書號 9780542990342
book jacket
說明 104 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-11, Section: B, page: 6679
Adviser: Robert S. Averback
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign, 2006
The purpose of this work is to produce permalloy (Ni81Fe 19) nanoparticles which may be used as quantum bits---qubits. The tunneling of the magnetic moment between the parallel and anti-parallel configurations act as the logical 0 and 1 states of the system. To be used as qubits, the permalloy nanoparticles must possess certain characteristics: they should be spherical with a diameter of approximately 5-6 nm, have a uniform size distribution, and a single crystal structure
Permalloy nanoparticles are grown in a custom built inert gas condensation system with magnetron sputtering. By careful control of the processing parameters during nucleation, the nanoparticles can be grown with the desired diameter of 5 nm and a narrow size distribution with a standard deviation of ∼0.5 nm. As a result of the nucleation and growth process, the nanoparticles have a polycrystalline structure. Several heating methods are employed in an attempt to recrystallize the nanoparticles. In the end, ultrafast heating with a femtosecond laser system is used to form single crystal nanoparticles. The wavelength of the laser is strongly absorbed by the metal nanoparticles but not by the supporting substrate (a 50 nm thick S1O2 membrane). The ultra short pulse width of 175 fs also reduces the possibility of heat exchange between the particle and the substrate. This rapid heating causes melting of the particle and upon cooling, a single crystalline structure. These single crystal nanoparticles not only fulfill the requirements of the original project but also provide the first clear evidence that melting of metals can be achieved without significant material loss. Two distinct mechanisms of material loss are identified with separate thresholds
School code: 0090
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-11B
主題 Engineering, Materials Science
Alt Author University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign
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