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作者 SCHACHT-LAVINE, LILLIAN JOSEPHINE
書名 THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PSYCHODRAMA IN DEVELOPING EMPATHY: A TRAINING METHOD USING ROLE REVERSAL, DOUBLING, AND MIRRORING
說明 120 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 43-03, Section: A, page: 0676
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Georgia State University, 1982
Purpose. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of psychodrama techniques of role reversal, doubling, and mirroring on empathy in interpersonal relationships among adults
Methods and Procedures. The sample consisted of 34 adults who were selected from drug offenders in the first phase of a rehabilitation program. The experimental group participated in two-hour biweekly sessions in which psychodrama techniques were employed giving each subject an opportunity to enact a personal problem. This enactment included the verbal techniques of role reversal and doubling and the nonverbal technique of mirroring. The investigator conducted these psychodrama sessions
Three instruments for measuring empathy were administered to the experimental and control groups as pretests and posttests: (1) the Carkhuff Index of Communication; (2) the Smith Touch Communication Index; and (3) three Edwards Personnel Preference Schedule variables including Affiliation, Nurturance, and Intraception. These three instruments measured respectively (1) verbal, (2) non-verbal, and (3) personality aspects of empathic understanding. Data from the three pretests and posttests were analyzed using analysis of covariance and multiple analysis of covariance procedures
Results. Three null hypotheses were tested at the .05 level of significance. When the experimental group having the psychodrama treatment was compared with the control group, the following results were observed. (1) Significant improvement in verbal empathic understanding occurred in the experimental group. (2) No significant difference in non-verbal empathic understanding was found between the two groups. (3) No significant differences in personality preference variables affecting empathic understanding were found between the two groups
Conclusions. This study has shown that verbal empathic understanding can be improved using psychodrama techniques of role reversal, doubling, and mirroring. The researcher found that when a subject has an opportunity to experience alternative solutions to his problematic relationships, verbal communication is improved. On the other hand, psychodrama techniques did not appear to cause improvement in nonverbal empathic understanding or cause personality changes related to expressing empathic understanding. The possible reasons for the failure of the psychodrama techniques in these areas may be either because of insufficient time allowed to create the effects or instruments not sufficiently sensitive to the treatment
School code: 0079
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 43-03A
主題 Education, Guidance and Counseling
0519
Alt Author Georgia State University
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