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作者 Seivert, Nicholas H
書名 The ability to flexibly regulate emotional expression: Stability, predictive validity, and the accuracy of self-report
國際標準書號 9780549858249
book jacket
說明 72 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 69-10, Section: B, page: 6475
Adviser: George A. Bonanno
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 2008
Previous research from our laboratory demonstrated that expressive flexibility, the ability to both enhance and suppress emotional expression, predicts better self-reported adjustment after the occurrence of stressful and potentially-traumatic events (Bonanno, Papa, O'Neill, Westphal, and Coifman, 2004). That research used a rigorous experimental measure of expressive flexibility (within-subjects manipulation of expressive regulation instructions, observer ratings of emotion) in order to circumvent potential biases associated with self-report. The current investigation sought to expand our understanding of the construct of expressive flexibility, its measurement, and its role in adjustment by administering the experimental measure to a group of participants who completed it 3 years prior. In order to test the hypothesis that expressive flexibility would be more relevant in the context of potential threat, we manipulated a threatening measurement context for half of the participants and we collected a weekly online measure of stressful life events. Participants also completed self-report items tapping perceived ability to enhance and suppress emotional expression. Analyses revealed moderate to large 3-year test-retest correlations for all variables computed from the expressive regulation experiment, indicating that expressive flexibility is reasonably stable by young adulthood. As predicted, expressive flexibility interacted with stressful life events to predict friend-rated adjustment. Although stressful life events negatively impacted the adjustment of participants with low expressive flexibility, high flexibility served as a protective factor. Furthermore, expressive flexibility was more strongly associated with resilience when measured in a threatening context. While both enhancement ability and suppression ability independently contributed to resilience, enhancement was more relevant in the non-threat context and suppression was more relevant in the threat context. Gender differences were observed for the accuracy of self-report, but in general participants were unable to accurately report their ability to regulate emotional expression. Overall, findings from the current investigation strengthen and extend the expressive flexibility hypothesis in terms of contextual threat and illustrate the value of our experimental measure of expressive flexibility
School code: 0054
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 69-10B
主題 Psychology, Social
Psychology, Clinical
0451
0622
Alt Author Columbia University
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