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作者 Kruahongs, Wannasorn
書名 Community participation in tsunami disaster response and recovery in Thailand
國際標準書號 9780494505526
book jacket
說明 139 p
附註 Source: Masters Abstracts International, Volume: 47-06, page: 3317
Thesis (M.N.R.M.)--University of Manitoba (Canada), 2009
On December 26, 2004, the world witnessed one of the most destructive natural disasters in modern history, the Indian Ocean tsunami or the Asian tsunami. The gigantic waves were the result of an undersea quake that originated north west of Sumatra Island in Indonesia. The countries most affected by the tsunami were India, the Maldives, Sri Lanka, Indonesia, and Thailand and the governments of each were forced to implement disaster response and recovery efforts. The purpose of the study was to ensure meaningful public participation in the disaster response and recovery context of a natural disaster. The objectives were to: (1) broadly identify and describe the response and recovery projects undertaken in post-tsunami Thailand; (2) examine the participation of affected communities in the decision making during disaster response and recovery; (3) examine obstacles to successful participation in disaster response and recovery projects
A case study approach was used to accomplish the objectives of the study. Two affected communities in Thailand, namely Ban Namkem and Ban Tungwa, were selected for this research. Experiences of the two communities were presented and analyzed through document review, participant observation, and semi-structured interviews. Interviews were also carried out with key informants from the Thai government and international and national non-government organizations that assisted in the tsunami response and recovery efforts
Results show that there was no consensus on the success of the tsunami disaster response in Thailand. The rapid response of the Thai government was effective for the search and rescue operations, but in terms of aid distribution and relief operations, errors were made that should be examined. The Thai government immediately formed a chain-of-command and distribution of responsibilities to different Ministries. The response phase focused mainly on assisting the victims with search and rescue teams and basic necessities. Donations and volunteers came from aid organizations as well as the Thai citizens residing within and out of Thailand. Community participation during this phase was shown in the establishment of temporary relief camps for the victims of Ban Namkem and Ban Tungwa communities provided by local NGOs. Overall, there was, however little involvement of the impacted public in the response despite the fact that those affected were in fact the first responders
The tight timeframe and overwhelming number of tasks carried out by field staff, as well as the strict criteria for aid, prevented the government from reaching out to all victims. These factors discouraged field staff from implementing programs that would enable the community to participate and voice their concerns during the recovery effort. Failure to involve the affected communities or lack of meaningful public participation led to time consuming and costly delays and development projects which were not popular with the affected community. In fact, a housing project implemented without community input was abandoned due to its low quality and failure to meet the affected community's lifestyle. Findings show that the two communities studied were capable of making their own decisions and organizing themselves to assist each other as early as right after the disaster struck. It was also clear that community participation in the decision-making process could empower and promote the solidarity of the community, which in turn enables community members to protect themselves from outsiders' exploitation, as shown in the fight for land rights that ensued in Ban Namkem and Ban Tungwa communities
Obstacles that either prevented or decreased the capacity of community members to participate arranged from a general lack of opportunity to participate in any of the response or recovery decisions to low expectations within the affected communities regarding government assistance and/or any call for their involvement in the decision-making process. The overwhelming number of responsibilities placed on field staff also impacted their ability to involve people in a timely way
Recommendations for meaningful community participation in disaster response and recovery include: extending planning timeframes to allow community input in the planning and implementation of response and recovery projects. Community members should be involved very early in disaster response and recovery in order since they will best know community's needs and built trust and partnership between the community and the relief providers. Relief organizations and/or government need to step back and enable the affected communities to drive their own disaster recovery project. Lastly, regular meetings and discussion among the victims as well as with the aid providers is a therapeutic way of dealing with grief and sorrow. The meetings and discussions are also an opportunity to rebuild community ties and networks which may have been lost due to the disaster
School code: 0303
Host Item Masters Abstracts International 47-06
主題 Sociology, Public and Social Welfare
Sociology, Social Structure and Development
Urban and Regional Planning
Alt Author University of Manitoba (Canada)
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