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作者 Natsuaki, Misaki
書名 Continuity and change in the developmental trajectory of criminal career: Examining the roles of timing of first arrest and high school graduation
國際標準書號 9780542900198
book jacket
說明 114 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 67-09, Section: B, page: 5446
Adviser: Xiaojia Ge
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Davis, 2006
Early onset of criminal behavior is one of the most robust predictors of persistence in later offending. However, the forgotten side of the story is that not every antisocial child becomes a persistent offender. In fact, many delinquent youths stop offending sometime in adulthood. Following literature on timing of onset of criminal careers and turning points, this study examined trajectories of criminal behavior from childhood to adulthood, paying special attention to the roles of age at first arrest and completion of high school education. The current investigation was based on a large longitudinal dataset from young male criminal offenders who were admitted to the California Youth Authority in 1964-1965. Several important findings emerged. First, on average, the crime trajectory was curvilinear, with a subtle increase in criminal behavior in childhood followed by a rapid increase in late adolescence and a slow down in adulthood. Second, although offenders, particularly those who had started offending earlier in life, had a limited chance of finishing high school, a noticeable number of them (16% for those who were arrested at or before age 15 and 23% for those whose first arrest occurred after age 15) did complete high school education by late adolescence. Third, early onset of criminal career was related to the slopes of crime trajectory, indicating that earlier starters had a steeper cumulative growth in changes of criminal behavior over time. Fourth, completion of high school education served as a potential turning point in offenders' lives, particularly for later starters. High school graduates tended to have a less steep cumulative growth in criminal behavior than high school dropouts, which resulted in widening divergence of crime trajectories between high school dropouts and graduates over time. Later starters benefited from educational attainment more than earlier starters. The results of this study highlight that continuity and desistance in crime and heterogeneity in response to turning points can be partially understood from individuals' past
School code: 0029
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 67-09B
主題 Psychology, Developmental
Sociology, Criminology and Penology
Alt Author University of California, Davis
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