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作者 DeRousse, Peter
書名 Tacitus' documentary sources for "Annals I--VI" (Roman Empire)
國際標準書號 0496328806
book jacket
說明 289 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-03, Section: A, page: 0888
Director: James Keenan
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Loyola University of Chicago, 2003
Numerous inscriptions and papyri confirm the accuracy of the Roman historian Cornelius Tacitus. There are, however, several documents, which, while corroborating such details in Annals I--VI, nevertheless offer substantially different accounts. These are the Res Gestae Divi Augusti, CIL 6.31540-57, CIL 10.1624, a dossier of several coins and inscriptions from Asia Minor, a Berlin papyrus and P. Oxy 2435 (recto), the Tabulae Hebana and Siarensis, the Senatus Consultum Larinum, the Senatus Consultum de Pisone Patre, and the Lyons Tablet. The relationship between these documents, the sources that Tacitus actually used, and Tacitus' style in the Annals has never been the subject of a unified study
Part one is a study of the Senate's archives during the time of the Empire. Of primary concern are how decrees and minutes were archived and how one made use of them. Roman historians relied upon these documents more than has been previously thought. An appendix shows that this was particularly true of Tacitus
Part two is comprised of nine close readings of passages in Annals I--VI for which there exist both (a) substantial parallels with remaining documents in point of style, diction and presentation, and (b) a marked departure from the account of events preserved in such documents. Often the former can only be explained by Tacitus' use of the Senate's archives, while the latter is a manifestation of Tacitus' well known distrust of historical records from the early Empire. In two cases, Tacitus' detailed knowledge of events, confirmed by epigraphical parallels, is the impetus for conjectural emendation. In another case, Tacitus' demonstration of his own knowledge is shown to be nothing more than academic posturing. The use of parody, irony, and innuendo, can often be explained as Tacitus' response to his own sources or as manifested in the sources themselves, rather than as creative lies, insidious suggestion, or the work of a diseased mind. Occasional violations of chronology and annalistic format allowed for the artful juxtaposition of events and served larger structural themes
In general, Tacitean style is found to complement factual data and embellish the author's own judicious interpretations of events. An appendix provides statistical data for estimating Tacitus' debt to various documentary sources
School code: 0112
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-03A
主題 Literature, Classical
History, Ancient
Language, Ancient
Alt Author Loyola University of Chicago
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