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作者 Ma, Wan-hua
書名 Chinese women college students: Their ways of knowing and their conceptions of self
國際標準書號 0591240823
book jacket
說明 210 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 57-12, Section: A, page: 5202
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Cornell University, 1997
The research for this dissertation was designed to explore a group of Chinese women college students' ways of knowing, conceptions of self and the relationship between the two. Belenky, Clinchy, Goldberger and Tarule's (1986) schemata for ways of knowing and Hermans and Kempen's dialogical self were used as the theoretical basis for the research
This was an interpretive interview-based project. The research included two parts: a pilot study and formal data collection. Ten women college students participated for the pilot study, and another ten students were interviewed for the formal data collection. All of the participants were from a prestigious university in China. Six interview cases were included in the dissertation for the presentation of the research findings. Professor Liu, in the field of English literature, and Professor Tao, in the same field and a deputy director of the Women's Study Center at the university, reviewed the transcriptions in Chinese and the translations into English of the six interview cases
The research resulted in three major findings. First, in their ways of knowing, the Chinese women students held a range of epistemological positions, sometimes similar to Belenky's (1986) theory. Although Chinese women students' different epistemological positions shared many of the characteristics of Belenky's women's ways of knowing, there were significant discrepancies, because the epistemological positions of the Chinese interviewees were not consistently held across the different domains outlined by Belenky et al. The Chinese women students' ways of knowing were therefore contextually constructed
Second, the Chinese women students' conception of self could not be explained as relational (Fei, 1945; Gilligan, 1982). The research demonstrated that though the Chinese women students often tried to accommodate to what was socially expected of them, they also expressed concern for their individual rights and self determination. Connected with their conceptions of self were the issues of personal success, individual independence and self-interests. In terms of Hermans and Kempen's (1993) theory, the Chinese women students' conception of self was dialogical
Third, the two concepts--ways of knowing and the self--were interrelated in the Chinese women students' epistemological framework, but the relationship was more complicated than what Belenky et al. had suggested it would have been. The research findings point the presence of different patterns in different groups and with different cultural backgrounds concerning ways of knowing and conceptions of self. Thus researchers should pay special attention to those factors in conducting cross-cultural researches
School code: 0058
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 57-12A
主題 Anthropology, Cultural
Sociology, Ethnic and Racial Studies
Education, Higher
Psychology, Cognitive
Alt Author Cornell University
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