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作者 De Vreyer, Philippe
書名 Urban Labor Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa
出版項 Herndon : World Bank Publications, 2013
國際標準書號 9780821397824 (electronic bk.)
book jacket
說明 1 online resource (399 pages)
text txt rdacontent
computer c rdamedia
online resource cr rdacarrier
系列 Africa Development Forum
Africa Development Forum
附註 Front Cover -- Title Page -- Copyright Page -- Contents -- Foreword, Martin Rama -- Foreword, Moubarack Lo -- Acknowledgments -- About the Authors -- Abbreviations -- Overview -- Scope and Purpose of the Book -- The 1-2-3 Surveys: A Tool for Understanding Labor Markets in Africa -- A Brief Survey of Labor Market Theories Applied to Development -- Overview of Main Findings -- Making Data Collection Work for Research -- Target Audience -- Notes -- References -- Part I Comparative Analysis of Urban Labor Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa -- 1 Employment, Unemployment, and Working Conditions in the Urban Labor Markets of Sub-Saharan Africa: Main Stylized Facts -- Sociodemographic Characteristics -- Labor Force Participation -- Unemployment -- Job Structure and Dynamics -- Labor Income and Working Conditions -- Job Mobility and Prospects -- Notes -- References -- Part II Job Quality and Labor Market Conditions in Sub-Saharan Africa -- 2 Underemployment and Job Mismatch in Sub-Saharan Africa -- The Inadequacy of Standard Unemployment Indicators in Sub-Saharan Africa -- Job Mismatch -- Constructing a Job Mismatch Indicator -- Impacts of Job Mismatch: Premium or Penalty? -- Underemployment and Nonwage Compensation -- Wage Downgrading as a Pathway Out of Unemployment or Economic Inactivity -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 3 Job Satisfaction in Eight African Cities -- Review of the Literature -- Data Used and Approach Taken -- Descriptive Findings on Satisfaction Levels -- Econometric Analyses -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 4 Are Workers Compensated for Accepting Vulnerable Jobs? Evidence from West Africa -- The Theory of Compensating Differentials -- Data and Definition of Vulnerability -- Testing the Existence of Compensating Mechanisms for Vulnerability -- Results -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References
Part III The Many Dimensions of Labor Market Inequalities -- 5 Education and Labor Market Outcomes in Urban West Africa -- Econometric Methods -- Impact of Education on Labor Market Outcomes -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 6 Urban Labor Market Segmentation in West Africa -- Empirical Strategy: Predicting Sector Shares in a Hypothetical Competitive Labor Market -- Disaggregating the Informal Sector and Descriptive Statistics -- Econometric Results -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 7 Domestic Work and Employment in Africa: What Is the Trade-Off for Women? -- Review of the Literature -- Description of the Data -- Stylized Facts on Time Use by Gender -- Model and Econometric Estimation of Determinants of Allocation of Time -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 8 Reducing Inequality of Opportunities in West African Urban Labor Markets: What Kinds of Policy Matter? -- The Data -- Inequality of Opportunities across Cities -- The Role of Education in Inequality of Opportunities -- Conclusion -- Annex: Economic and Social Statistics on Seven Countries in West Africa -- Notes -- References -- 9 Decomposing Gender and Ethnic Earnings Gaps in Seven Cities in West Africa -- Data, Concepts, and Methodology -- Results -- Conclusion -- Annex: Ethnicity in Seven West African Countries -- Notes -- References -- Part IV Key Coping Mechanisms and Private Responses -- 10 Why Do Migrants Migrate? Self-Selection and Returns to Education in West Africa -- Data and Descriptive Statistics -- Model Specification and Estimation Strategy -- Model Identification and Choice of Variables -- Estimation Results -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 11 Returns to Returning in West Africa -- Review of the Empirical Literature -- Data and Descriptive Statistics -- Labor Market Performance of Return Migrants -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References
12 The Work-School Trade-Off among Children in West Africa: Are Household Tasks More Compatible with School Than Economic Activities? -- Work and School among Children in West Africa -- Modeling the Trade-Off between Work and School -- Econometric Results -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- 13 Working in West Africa after Retirement Age -- Data and Variables Used -- Pensions in Africa -- Seniors Who Work -- A Range of Situations among Seniors -- Responsibilities of Older Heads of Household -- Conclusion -- Notes -- References -- Part V Moving Forward -- 14 Challenges and Directions for Future Research -- Employment, the Informal Sector, and Poverty -- Microeconomic and Macroeconomic Labor Market Dynamics -- Impact of Public Policies -- The Data Challenge -- "Good Jobs" and "Bad Jobs" -- References -- Index -- Box -- Figures -- Map -- Tables -- Back Cover
Although labor is usually the unique asset upon which poor people can make a living, little is known about the functioning of labor markets in Sub-Saharan Africa. The purpose of this volume is to contribute to the building of knowledge in this area. In this book, the authors use a unique set of identical and simultaneous labor force surveys conducted in seven capitals of Western Africa, as well as in some other African countries (Cameroon, Madagascar, Democratic Republic of Congo) in the 2000s. They present innovative and original results on how people are faring in these labour markets, using up-to-date econometric and statistical methods. Because so little is known about labor markets in the region, each chapter starts with detailed descriptive statistics that aim to shed light onto specific aspects of African urban labor markets. Comparisons between the ten cities are systematically carried out. Descriptive sections are followed by in-depth analyses on various issues. The book is divided into four parts that examine 13 topics. Part I presents the main stylised facts, which are investigated further in a more analytical way throughout the volume. Part II focuses on job quality and labor market conditions, such as unemployment and underemployment, vulnerability, and job satisfaction. Part III explores the many dimensions of labor market inequalities through various lenses, such as returns on education, segmentation, life-cycle inequality (with a particular focus on old age), inter-generational mobility, time related inequality, and gender and ethnic earnings discrimination. Part IV addresses some key coping mechanisms and private responses, with a focus on migration and child labor. The book concludes with recommendations for future research
Description based on publisher supplied metadata and other sources
Electronic reproduction. Ann Arbor, Michigan : ProQuest Ebook Central, 2020. Available via World Wide Web. Access may be limited to ProQuest Ebook Central affiliated libraries
鏈接 Print version: De Vreyer, Philippe Urban Labor Markets in Sub-Saharan Africa Herndon : World Bank Publications,c2013 9780821397817
主題 Papua New Guinea -- Economic conditions.;Papua New Guinea
Electronic books
Alt Author Roubaud, Francois
Roubaud, Francois
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