作者 Suzuki, Takaaki
書名 Two aspects of Japanese case in acquisition
國際標準書號 9780599534452
book jacket
說明 170 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 60-11, Section: A, page: 3990
Chairperson: William O'Grady
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Hawai'i at Manoa, 1999
Two aspects of Japanese case are investigated in first language acquisition: morphological case-marking and case particle deletion. Experimental research is focused on children's use of nominative and accusative case particles and their omissibility as manifested in a subject-object asymmetry
The central questions for morphological case-marking involve what types of errors children make and what causes the errors. Case-marking particles for intransitive verbs, transitive verbs, and dyadic stative verbals are examined. The results showed that the predominant errors were overextension of the nominative case particle to the direct object of transitive verbs. The effects of verb semantics and argument animacy were found to be significant. I suggest that the children's case-marking errors are rooted in multiple factors, and discuss various hypotheses to account for each factor
Case particle deletion is typically manifested in a subject-object asymmetry. In hierarchical syntactic representations, case particles for arguments in the direct object position may be deleted while those for arguments in the subject position may not. This syntactic constraint was investigated in children's language in the same experiments that examined morphological case-marking. The results revealed that the children basically followed the syntactic constraint: accusative o was more likely to be deleted than nominative ga for transitive verbs. Moreover, they demonstrated that their knowledge referred to syntactic positions in hierarchical structures, because the subject-object asymmetry was also observed for dyadic stative verbals, where both subjects and direct objects are marked with the nominative case particle
One of the most striking results in the comparison of the two aspects is the age factor. For case particle deletion, even 3-year old children tended to follow the syntactic constraint, whereas for morphological case-marking the older preschool children made a number of errors. The seemingly more abstract aspect of the omissibility of case particles is basically error-free, whereas the more concrete morphological phenomenon of case-marking appears to be more difficult and takes more time to learn. These two aspects seem to spring from different grounds and follow different paths in the child's grammar, which suggests that the learning processes involved for each aspect may be quite different
School code: 0085
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 60-11A
主題 Language, Linguistics
Psychology, Developmental
Psychology, Cognitive
0290
0620
0633
Alt Author University of Hawai'i at Manoa