作者 Lee, Noah
書名 Synergizing human-machine intelligence: Visualizing, labeling, and mining the electronic health record
國際標準書號 9781124683812
book jacket
說明 180 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 72-08, Section: B, page: 4792
Adviser: Andrew F. Laine
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Columbia University, 2011
We live in a world where data surround us in every aspect of our lives. The key challenge for humans and machines is how we can make better use of such data. Imagine what would happen if you were to have intelligent machines that could give you insight into the data. Insight that will enable you to better 1) reason about, 2) learn, and 3) understand the underlying phenomena that produced the data. The possibilities of combined human-machine intelligence are endless and will impact our lives in ways we can not even imagine today
Synergistic human-machine intelligence aims to facilitate the analytical reasoning and inference process of humans by creating machines that maximize a human's ability to 1) reason about, 2) learn, and 3) understand large, complex, and heterogeneous data. Combined human-machine intelligence is a powerful symbiosis of mutual benefit, in which we depend on the computational capabilities of the machine for the tasks we are not good at, and the machine requires human intervention for the tasks it performs poorly on. This relationship provides a compelling alternative to either approach in isolation for solving today's and tomorrow's arising data challenges
In his regard, this dissertation proposes a diverse analytical framework that leverages synergistic human-machine intelligence to maximize a human's ability to better 1) reason about, 2) learn, and 3) understand different biomedical imaging and healthcare data present in the patient's electronic health record (EHR). Correspondingly, we approach the data analyses problem from the 1) visualization, 2) labeling, and 3) mining perspective and demonstrate the efficacy of our analytics on specific application scenarios and various data domains
In the first part of this dissertation we explore the question how we can build intelligent imaging analytics that are commensurate with human capabilities and constraints, specifically for optimizing data visualization and automated labeling workflows. Our journey starts with heuristic rule-based analytical models that are derived from task-specific human knowledge. From this experience, we move on to data-driven analytics, where we adapt and combine the intelligence of the model based on prior information provided by the human and synthetic knowledge learned from partial data observations. Within this realm, we propose a novel Bayesian transductive Markov random field model that requires minimal human intervention and is able to cope with scarce label information to learn and infer object shapes in complex spatial, multimodal, spatio-temporal, and longitudinal data. We then study the question how machines can learn discriminative object representations from dense human provided label information by investigating learning and inference mechanisms that make use of deep learning architectures. The developed analytics can aid visualization and labeling tasks, which enables the interpretation and quantification of clinically relevant image information
The second part explores the question how we can build data-driven analytics for exploratory analysis in longitudinal event data that are commensurate with human capabilities and constraints. We propose human-intuitive analytics that enable the representation and discovery of interpretable event patterns to ease knowledge absorption and comprehension of the employed analytics model and the underlying data. We propose a novel doubly-constrained convolutional sparse-coding framework that learns interpretable and shift-invariant latent temporal event patterns. We apply the model to mine complex event data in EHRs. By mapping the event space to heterogeneous patient encounters in the EHR we explore the linkage between healthcare resource utilization (HRU) in relation to disease severity. This linkage may help to better understand how disease specific co-morbidities and their clinical attributes incur different HRU patterns. Such insight helps to characterize the patient's care history, which then enables the comparison against clinical practice guidelines, the discovery of prevailing practices based on common HRU group patterns, and the identification of outliers that might indicate poor patient management
In general, we present novel approaches that exploit the synergistic aspect of human-machine intelligence by addressing problems from biomedical imaging to healthcare informatics. The generic nature and applicability of the proposed techniques, when integrated together, enable the holistic analysis of the electronic health record and its diverse data sources, which in turn can reveal hidden patterns across the different data sources
School code: 0054
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 72-08B
主題 Engineering, Biomedical
Artificial Intelligence
Computer Science
0541
0800
0984
Alt Author Columbia University. Biomedical Engineering