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作者 Shih, Shu-ching
書名 Taiwan's democratic transition in the Chiang Ching-kuo era
國際標準書號 9780542425813
book jacket
說明 136 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-11, Section: A, page: 4141
Adviser: Jeffrey C. Kinkley
Thesis (D.A.)--St. John's University (New York), 2006
This researcher attempts to explain Taiwan's democratic transition in the Chiang Ching-kuo's era. The author focuses on the investigation of the forces that drove CCK to embark on political reform and that led Taiwan onto a trajectory of democracy
This researcher has come up with several findings. CCK's launching of democratic reforms was driven by internal and external forces
About internal factors, the opposition gathered its power together to challenge the KMT's authoritarian rule. They demand democratic reform by ways of publishing dangwai periodicals, organizing opposition parties, and mobilizing mass movements. The KMT liberals endeavored to improve human rights, freedom, and democracy in Taiwan in various ways. Problems within the KMT that accelerated the decline of the KMT's prestige and cut short public trust in his rule and that might cause its internal factions motivated CCK to reform the KMT. Strong voices advocating visits to the mainland and legalization of indirect trade between Taiwan and China showed that martial law did not fit for the changing society of Taiwan
On external factors, the international community influenced Taiwan's democratic development by promoting human rights in Taiwan and supporting political competition between the KMT and its opponents. The intervention of the United States was a major contribution to Taiwan's transition to democracy. The Taiwanese democratic movements in Japan and the United States attracted the attention of the U.S. State Department and Congress, as well as international societies and human rights organizations, and then obtained their support. The democratization in the Philippines and South Korea encouraged the opposition, and it made CCK realize that the trend toward democracy in the world could not be stopped. In terms of antagonistic relationships between Taiwan and the PRC, CCK thought that building Taiwan as a democratic country was a peaceful way and the only way to reunite China
Finally, CCK's insight and wisdom to adjust himself to the changes of internal and external situations were also important factors that made the peaceful transition possible
School code: 0192
DDC
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-11A
主題 History, Asia, Australia and Oceania
History, Modern
0332
0582
Alt Author St. John's University (New York)
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