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作者 Cismas, Ioana, author
書名 Religious actors and international law / Ioana Cismas
出版項 New York, NY : Oxford University Press, 2014
國際標準書號 9780198712824 (hbk)
0198712820 (hbk)
book jacket
館藏地 索書號 處理狀態 OPAC 訊息 條碼
 人文社會聯圖  K3280 .C576 2014    在架上    30660020140260
版本 First edition
說明 xxvi, 349 pages ; 24 cm
text txt rdacontent
unmediated n rdamedia
volume nc rdacarrier
附註 Includes bibliographical references (pages 315-336) and index
Machine generated contents note: I.From Religion to Religious Actors -- II.Societal Pertinence and Legal Relevance -- III.From (In)compatibility Towards Accountability -- I.RELIGION, ITS ACTORS, AND INTERNATIONAL LAW -- 1.Religion and International Law Revisited -- I.Introduction -- II.Narratives on Religion and International Law -- 1.Acknowledging and recuperating religion -- 2.Insisting on the separation of law and religion -- 3.Recasting the debate: religious actors and their accountability framework -- III.Relevant Provisions of International Law -- 1.International instruments -- 2.Regional human rights instruments -- 3.International humanitarian law and criminal law instruments -- 4.Freedom of religion---a customary norm? -- IV.Conclusion -- 2.Religious Actors as an Analytical Category -- I.Introduction -- II.Definitional Contours of Religious Actors -- 1.Transcending the state/non-state divide and assuming the role of interpreters of religion --
Contents note continued: 2.Claiming special legitimacy -- III.Religious Actors' Cooperation and Divergence in International Fora -- 1.Sexuality and reproduction -- 2.Defamation of religions -- IV.The Acquisition of Rights and Obligations in International Law -- 1.The (still) dominant narrative: the subjects doctrine -- 2.The capacity approach and the reconceptualization of international legal personality -- V.Conclusion -- II.OPERATIONALIZING THE ANALYTICAL CATEGORY OF RELIGIOUS ACTORS -- 3.Religious Organizations Under the European Convention Regime -- I.Introduction -- II.Religious Organizations as Claimants of Rights Under the European Convention -- 1.The non-governmental requirement and established churches -- 2.The victim requirement and the rights invoked by religious organizations -- 2.1.Religious organizations as claimants of rights under articles 6, 13, 10, 11 and article 1 of Protocol 1 --
Contents note continued: 2.2.Non-profit legal entities pursuing religious or philosophical objects as exceptional right holders under article 9 -- 2.2.1.Freedom of religion and belief denied to profit-making corporations -- 2.2.2.Freedom of conscience denied to non-profit organizations -- 2.3.A right of religious organizations not to have their religious feelings offended? -- 2.4.Parental rights under article 2 of Protocol 1 for religious organizations? -- III.Positive Obligations of States and the Responsibilities of Religious Organizations in the Context of Church Autonomy -- 1.The right to religious autonomy -- 1.1.The scope of religious autonomy -- 2.Positive state obligations and the responsibilities of religious organizations -- 2.1.The principle of voluntariness as the sole limitation to church autonomy in the early case law of the EComHR -- 2.1.1.Xu Denmark and Hautaniemi v. Sweden -- 2.1.2.Early alternative approaches --
Contents note continued: 2.2.The procedural and substantive limitations to church autonomy in recent case law of the ECtHR -- 2.2.1.Pellegrini v. Italy: a new approach to church autonomy -- 2.2.2.Lombardi Vallauri v. Italy: the assertion of procedural limitations -- 2.2.3.Church employment cases: the emergence of substantive limitations -- 2.2.4.Assessing the legitimacy of religious interpretations -- IV.Conclusion -- 4.The Holy See-Vatican State-Like Construct -- I.Introduction -- II.Some Preliminary Observations on the Personality Question -- III.The Post-1870 International Status of the Holy See -- IV.The Personality Question Read in the Light of the Lateran Treaty -- 1.Territory -- 2.Permanent population -- 3.Government -- 4.Independence -- 4.1.Independence from a state versus independence from an international person -- 4.2.The relation between the Holy See and the Vatican and its implications for statehood --
Contents note continued: 4.2.1.The Lateran Treaty subordinates the Vatican to the Holy See -- 4.2.2.The Lateran Treaty does not establish agency or representation -- V.Self-Perception of the Holy See and the Logic Behind the Dual Personality Scenario -- VI.On Practice -- 1.The personality question and bilateral diplomatic relations -- 1.1.The US-Holy See relations: recognition of a state or a church? -- 2.The personality question in domestic jurisprudence -- 2.1.Contrasting Banque du Gothard and Marcinkus and Others -- 2.2.Holy See v. Starbright Sales Enterprises -- 2.3.The personality question and clerical child sexual abuse in US courts -- 3.Participation in international organizations and multilateral conventions -- 3.1.The Universal Postal Union: erratic practice of two personalities or the practice of a construct? -- 3.2.The Holy See and its permanent observer state status at the UN -- 4.International human rights treaties and the Holy See's obligations --
Contents note continued: 4.1.The Holy See's reservations to the Convention on the Rights of the Child -- 4.2.Challenging the Holy See's understanding of its obligations under the Convention on the Rights of the Child -- 4.3.An intermezzo on the practice of the Committee on Elimination of Racial Discrimination -- 4.4.The Holy See's obligations under the CRC concerning clerical child sexual abuse in the Irish context -- VII.Conclusion -- 5.The Organization of Islamic Cooperation as Interpreter of Human Rights in the Context of Islam -- I.Introduction -- II.The OIC as an Actor with Religious Contours and its Internal Diversity -- III.Regionalism and Cultural Relativism -- 1.The fragmentation framework and regionalism -- 2.Cultural relativism: from challenging the universality of human rights to forging their legitimacy -- IV.The OIC: Between Religionalism' and Regionalism -- 1.The Cairo Declaration on Human Rights in Islam --
Contents note continued: 1.1.Human rights law in accordance with Islamic Shari'ah -- 1.1.1.The missing rights -- 1.1.2.Sharia limitation clauses -- 1.1.3.Islamic reservations to human rights treaties -- 1.1.4.Sharia as the interpretative principle of the Cairo Declaration -- 1.2.The Cairo Declaration's influence and the accountability of the OIC -- 2.The Covenant on the Rights of the Child in Islam -- 2.1.The missing right: religious freedom -- 2.2.Religious limitations and clawback clauses -- 2.3.General convergence with the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the potential for increased protection -- 2.4.Coherence with the system of international law -- 3.The OIC Independent Permanent Human Rights Commission -- 3.1.Mandate of the OIC IPHRC -- 3.2.Procedural aspects -- V.Conclusion -- Conclusions: Accountability and Legitimacy -- I.Do Religious Actors Form an Autonomous Legal Category? -- II.A Tale of Legitimacy
主題 Religion and law
International law -- Religious aspects
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