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作者 Ghodsee, Kristen Rogheh
書名 Sun, sand and socialism: Women, economic transformation and tourism in post-communist Bulgaria
國際標準書號 9780493822389
book jacket
說明 280 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 63-09, Section: A, page: 3387
Chair: Pedro Noguera
Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2002
Introduction. One of the most pressing issues facing post-socialist nations today is that of precipitously high unemployment rates and decreasing opportunities for workers in the formal economy. Particularly troublesome is the situation of women who often make up the majority of the registered unemployed. Using the Bulgarian tourism sector as a case study, my dissertation examines the role of "revalued" cultural capital and women's labor in the post-communist period. Practically, the dissertation also argues that the post-socialist state can play an important role in shaping the "free" market by strategically supporting promising or already viable economic sectors which are labor intensive and/or favor the labor participation of certain disadvantaged groups in society
Theoretical framework and policy implications. In spite of the overall decrease in the social, political and economic status of women throughout Central and Eastern Europe there are some women who have benefited. Principally, economic transformation has led to an expansion of the service sector in all countries, as well as to a drastic reevaluation of the personal skills and attributes necessary in the burgeoning market economies. Tourism is one sphere where we can see these changes and their effects at work. There are two key questions this research will attempt to answer. Firstly, how have women in tourism in Bulgaria mobilized their individual and collective resources in order to maintain their positions in the face of high male unemployment and fierce competition for limited jobs? Secondly, what are the social, cultural, historical, political and economic circumstances that have influenced the gendered nature of tourism employment and how have these factors worked to the advantage of women in the post-1989 period? (1) Trajectory Adjustment Theory assists in our understanding of the process through which some women are able to survive and thrive during the transformation process . (2) The service sector, especially tourism, may provide highly desirable and relatively well-remunerated jobs depending on the social, political, economic and historical factors informing the development of that sector in different countries
The dissertation will not only address current debates on the relationship between gender and tourism, but will also have important policy implications in regards to education and retraining for women workers displaced by the transition from communism. By understanding the labor market dynamics that are reshaping the postsocialist economies it will be easier to create and promote strategies which can challenge the negative forces pushing women out of other sectors of the formal economy. (3) Women in Bulgaria have "revalued resources" in the form of cultural capital which have made them more competitive in some areas of the burgeoning service sector. In order to promote women's employment, the state can strategically support sectors of the economy that offer relatively good jobs to women
Value of the research. The dissertation makes several valuable contributions to the wider academic community. Firstly, in several background chapters I document important historical information about tourism in Bulgaria
Secondly, the dissertation records the words and ideas of Bulgarian women living through the political and economic changes of the past 12 years
Finally, the dissertation provides evidence to support the idea that the state still has an important role to play in shaping the domestic market. (Abstract shortened by UMI.)
School code: 0028
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 63-09A
主題 Anthropology, Cultural
Women's Studies
Sociology, Industrial and Labor Relations
0326
0453
0629
Alt Author University of California, Berkeley
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