MARC 主機 00000nam  2200409   4500 
001    AAI3063378 
005    20110208131733.5 
008    110208s2002    ||||||||||||||||| ||eng d 
020    9780493822389 
035    (UMI)AAI3063378 
040    UMI|cUMI 
100 1  Ghodsee, Kristen Rogheh 
245 10 Sun, sand and socialism:  Women, economic transformation 
       and tourism in post-communist Bulgaria 
300    280 p 
500    Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 63-
       09, Section: A, page: 3387 
500    Chair:  Pedro Noguera 
502    Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of California, Berkeley, 2002 
520    Introduction. One of the most pressing issues facing post-
       socialist nations today is that of precipitously high 
       unemployment rates and decreasing opportunities for 
       workers in the formal economy. Particularly troublesome is
       the situation of women who often make up the majority of 
       the registered unemployed. Using the Bulgarian tourism 
       sector as a case study, my dissertation examines the role 
       of "revalued" cultural capital and women's labor in the 
       post-communist period. Practically, the dissertation also 
       argues that the post-socialist state can play an important
       role in shaping the "free" market by strategically 
       supporting promising or already viable economic sectors 
       which are labor intensive and/or favor the labor 
       participation of certain disadvantaged groups in society 
520    Theoretical framework and policy implications. In spite of
       the overall decrease in the social, political and economic
       status of women throughout Central and Eastern Europe 
       there are some women who have benefited. Principally, 
       economic transformation has led to an expansion of the 
       service sector in all countries, as well as to a drastic 
       reevaluation of the personal skills and attributes 
       necessary in the burgeoning market economies. Tourism is 
       one sphere where we can see these changes and their 
       effects at work. There are two key questions this research
       will attempt to answer. Firstly, how have women in tourism
       in Bulgaria mobilized their individual and collective 
       resources in order to maintain their positions in the face
       of high male unemployment and fierce competition for 
       limited jobs? Secondly, what are the social, cultural, 
       historical, political and economic circumstances that have
       influenced the gendered nature of tourism employment and 
       how have these factors worked to the advantage of women in
       the post-1989 period? (1) Trajectory Adjustment Theory 
       assists in our understanding of the process through which 
       some women are able to survive and thrive during the 
       transformation process . (2) The service sector, 
       especially tourism, may provide highly desirable and 
       relatively well-remunerated jobs depending on the social, 
       political, economic and historical factors informing the 
       development of that sector in different countries 
520    The dissertation will not only address current debates on 
       the relationship between gender and tourism, but will also
       have important policy implications in regards to education
       and retraining for women workers displaced by the 
       transition from communism. By understanding the labor 
       market dynamics that are reshaping the postsocialist 
       economies it will be easier to create and promote 
       strategies which can challenge the negative forces pushing
       women out of other sectors of the formal economy. (3) 
       Women in Bulgaria have "revalued resources" in the form of
       cultural capital which have made them more competitive in 
       some areas of the burgeoning service sector. In order to 
       promote women's employment, the state can strategically 
       support sectors of the economy that offer relatively good 
       jobs to women 
520    Value of the research. The dissertation makes several 
       valuable contributions to the wider academic community. 
       Firstly, in several background chapters I document 
       important historical information about tourism in Bulgaria
520    Secondly, the dissertation records the words and ideas of 
       Bulgarian women living through the political and economic 
       changes of the past 12 years 
520    Finally, the dissertation provides evidence to support the
       idea that the state still has an important role to play in
       shaping the domestic market. (Abstract shortened by UMI.) 
590    School code: 0028 
650  4 Anthropology, Cultural 
650  4 Women's Studies 
650  4 Sociology, Industrial and Labor Relations 
690    0326 
690    0453 
690    0629 
710 2  University of California, Berkeley 
773 0  |tDissertation Abstracts International|g63-09A 
856 40 |u