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作者 Hoover, Marcia H
書名 The relationship between stress and symptomatology of multiple sclerosis moderated by perceived marital support
國際標準書號 9780542052415
book jacket
說明 105 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-03, Section: B, page: 1776
Chair: Margaret Diddams
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Seattle Pacific University, 2004
Multiple Sclerosis (MS) has been shown to negatively impact the marital relationship (Hammond, McLeod, Macaskill & English, 1996; Mohr et a1., 1999). Yet, while social support through a marital relationship has been found to be a protective factor in living with MS (Pakenham, 1999; Wineman, 1993) marital support within the MS population has received little attention in research. The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating effect of perceived marital support on the relationship between stress and symptomatology of MS patients
Four hundred married and unmarried patients were randomly selected from a patient list of a neurologist who specializes in MS at a medical center in Seattle, Washington. Two hundred participants completed questionnaires that included the following measures; Modified Perceived Stress Scale (Cohen, Kamarack, & Mermelstein, 1983) Beck Depression Inventory Fast Screen for Medical Patients (Beck, Steer, & Brown, 1996), Modified Perceived Social Provision Profile (Cutrona & Russell. 1987), and Social Network Assessment Profile - Short version (Brown, 1985). In addition, MS symptom rates were determined for each participant using the Expanded Disability Status Scale (Kurtzke, 1983). Regression analyses found significant relationships in two out of seven hypotheses; first, that marital status moderates the relationship between stress and symptomatology such that there is less of a negative relationship between stress levels and symptomatology, controlling for time since diagnosis. Second, a regression analysis found that higher levels of perceived marital support were significantly related to stress in a negative direction, controlling for social network size outside of marriage. In addition, an unexpected but significant interaction was found; the higher the symptomatology, the lower the stress level, when controlling for depression and length of time since diagnosis. These findings indicate that marriage can be a benefit within the MS population, particularly on patients' stress levels
School code: 1043
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-03B
主題 Psychology, Social
Psychology, Clinical
Psychology, Physiological
Alt Author Seattle Pacific University
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