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作者 Kluch, Sofia Pinero
書名 A multidimensional scaling approach to community violence
國際標準書號 9780542402272
book jacket
說明 285 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 66-11, Section: B, page: 6334
Major Professors: Alan Vaux; Suzanne Nasco
Thesis (Ph.D.)--Southern Illinois University at Carbondale, 2005
Theory and research in the area of violence has an extensive history, blossoming in new areas in recent decades, and representing a huge, but fragmented body of literature. Integrating violence literature is an ambitious task, however attempts at synthesizing disparate forms of violence through examination of how they are viewed or conceptualized is nonetheless important. Three multidimensional scaling studies were conducted, as systematic replications, to determine underlying dimensions of violence, to examine how dimensions reflect important attributes in violence judgments, and to explore the variation of views of violence across demographic groups. When the outcome of violence was manipulated---unspecified, typical, or severe---there were several similar dimensions noted (i.e., severity/intensity, traditional violence, and instrumental violence). These similarities suggest that some of the differences noted between the scenarios were independent of outcome. Other dimensions did change through the manipulation of the three outcomes. Dimensions of intimacy, community, attention, importance, targeting women, justified use of differential power, directness in nontraditional violence, and targeted versus random victims were all interpreted when the outcomes were manipulated or specific demographic groups were examined. When participants were divided into relevant demographic groups, there were minimal differences in perceptual maps. Participants completed attribute ratings of twelve characteristics of violence. Interpretation of the rating suggests many obvious differences between forms of violence (e.g., parental discipline is less severe than gang violence) and some unexpected ratings based on the systematic replication (e.g., when severe ratings are used, parental discipline is considered less direct). In sum, meaningful interpretations were made through MDS analysis and validated with ANOVA and MANOVA comparisons of attribute ratings. Further, multidimensional scaling analysis is appropriate for use in violence research and should be explored, both by expanding the domain of disparate forms and through
School code: 0209
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 66-11B
主題 Psychology, Social
Psychology, Psychometrics
Sociology, Criminology and Penology
Alt Author Southern Illinois University at Carbondale
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