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作者 Morris, Susan W
書名 Resource networks: Industrial research in small enterprises, 1860--1930
國際標準書號 0496550950
book jacket
說明 383 p
附註 Source: Dissertation Abstracts International, Volume: 64-10, Section: A, page: 3821
Advisers: Robert H. Kargon; Willis K. Shepard
Thesis (Ph.D.)--The Johns Hopkins University, 2004
This dissertation examines industrial research in small enterprises between the years 1860 and 1930, using the perspective of scientist-entrepreneurs: scientists who start their own companies in order to commercialize their unique knowledge, discoveries and inventions. Since new firms are generally small, this approach eases the difficulty of finding small enterprises, which might otherwise avoid detection. Viewing research from the onset of a scientist's entrepreneurial activity allows one to study the research that led to the formation of a new company. The most important research undertaken by science-based enterprises can be that which leads to the firm's existence, yet this formative research often remains hidden when studying industrial research from the vantage point of institutional history. Studying scientist-entrepreneurs allows us to examine the context within which enterprises arose, which frequently entailed a close and heretofore unappreciated relationship between academic and commercial science at this early date
Since the historical literature on industrial research has focused on the laboratories of large, 20th-century corporations, this dissertation is the first extended investigation of scientific industrial research in small organizations. The principal question of interest is therefore to learn how small enterprises marshaled the resources necessary to engage in research, generally considered to be a costly undertaking requiring the support of a large and profitable corporate parent. The principal finding of the dissertation is that, led by the scientist-entrepreneur, small enterprises organized unique resource networks consisting of a mix of individuals, specialized institutions, and other small firms, that provided for the small enterprise all the resources we normally associate with the large corporation
The five case studies examine scientists both renowned and obscure: Henry Wurtz (1828--1910), Henry A. Rowland (1848--1901), Edward Hart (1854--1931), Leo H. Baekeland (1863--1944), and the pairing of Charles F. Brush, Jr. (1893--1927) and Charles B. Sawyer (1894--1964)
School code: 0098
Host Item Dissertation Abstracts International 64-10A
主題 History of Science
Economics, History
History, United States
Alt Author The Johns Hopkins University
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